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South Gloucestershire Council elections

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

South Gloucestershire is a unitary authority in Gloucestershire, England. It was created on 1 April 1996 replacing Kingswood, Northavon and Avon County Council.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Why the UK Election Results are the Worst in History.

Transcription

Hello Internet The UK had an election we need to talk about because after the debates finished, the people voted and the ballots tallied the results were this: But parliament ended up looking like this: Which isn't, exactly, representative. And by not exactly, I mean at all. Red earned 30% of the vote and 36% of the seats, which is sort of close, but the rest is madness: Orange earned 8% of the vote but got one eighth of that while Yellow's 5% just about doubled, and purple earned 13% and got squat. Meanwhile blue's 37% of the people booted to 51% of the seats in parliament. The blue boost is even bigger when you consider that 51% of the seats gives basically 100% the control. How'd this happen? In the UK -- national elections aren't really national, they're a bunch of local elections. The UK is divided into constituencies, each of which elects one member of parliament (M.P.) to represent them. This local / national divide is where the trouble begins. Imagine a parliament with just three constituencies, and it's easy to see how it wouldn't always align with citizens. Some people think this sort of result is fine -- “it's all *about* winning local elections,” they’ll say. “Each M.P. represents their constituency.” And while the imbalance in this example is dumb, but it's the same problem in the real election and this same argument is given, but there are two more problems with it in reality land. 1) Few citizens have any idea who their MP is, they just know what party they voted for -- what party they want to represent their views on the national level. And pretending like it's a local election is a bit disingenuous. -- in practice it's an election for now the nation will run -- not really for who is going to represent a tiny part of it. and even if it were 2) The individual constituencies are worse at representing their citizens than parliament. Indulge this spreadsheet-loving nerd for a moment, will you? The difference between what a party earned at the polls and what they got in parliament is the amount of misrepresentation error. If we calculate all the errors for all the parties and add them up we can say the Parliament as a whole has 47% percentage points of misrepresentation error. That sounds bad looks like a utopian rainbow of diversity compared to any local election because the local elections have *one* winner. Out of the 650 constituencies 647 have a higher representation error than parliament. These are the only three that don't and they're really unusual for having so many of a single kind of voter in one place. Most places look the The Wrekin which is dead in the middle a mere one-hundred and one points off. Note that the winning candidate didn't reach a majority here. Which means more than half of constituencies elected their MP with a minority of voters. The worst is Belfast South at the bottom of the list. Hilariously unrepresentative. Less than a quarter of the voters get to speak for the entire place in parliament. This is the the lowest percentage an M.P. has ever been elected by. So when people argue that the UK election is a bunch of local elections 1) people don't act like it, and 2) It's even more of an argument that the elections are broken because they're worse on this level. These local elections are unrepresentative because of the terrible 'First Past the Post' voting system -- which I have complained mightily about and won't repeat everything here -- go watch the video -- but TL;DR it only 'works' when citizens are limited to two choices. Voting for any party except the biggest makes it more likely the biggest will win by a minority -- which is exactly what happened. That citizens keep voting for smaller parties despite knowing the result is against their strategic interests demonstrates the citizenry wants diverse representation -- but that successes is the very thing that's made this the most unrepresentative parliament in the history of the UK. People happy with the results argue the system is working fine -- of course they do. Their team won. Government isn't a sport where a singular 'winner' must be determined. It's a system to make rules that everyone follows and so, we need a system where everyone can agree the process is fair even if the results don't go in their favor. If you support a system that disenfranchises people you don't like and turbo-franchises people you do -- then it doesn't look like you sport representative democracy, it looks like you support a kind of dictatorship light. Where a small group of people (including you) makes the rules for everyone. But as it is now, on election day the more people express what they want the worse the system looks which makes them disengaged at best or angry at worst and GEE I CAN'T IMAGINE WHY. This is fixable, there are many, many better ways the UK could vote -- here are two that even keep local representatives. And fixing voting really matters, because this is a kind of government illegitimacy score -- and it's been going up and may continue to do so unless this fundamentally broken voting system is changed.

Contents

Political control

Since the first election to the council in 1995 political control of the council has been held by the following parties:[1]

Party in control Years
No overall control 1995-1999
Liberal Democrats 1999-2003
No overall control 2003-2015
Conservative 2015–present

Council elections

By-election results

1995–1999

Parkwell By-Election 13 February 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour 1,357 54.5
Liberal Democrat 570 22.9
Conservative 561 22.5
Majority 787 31.6
Turnout 2,488 29.4
Labour hold Swing

1999–2003

Boyd Valley By-Election 8 July 1999
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 1,061 48.1 +14.2
Labour 768 34.8 +2.7
Liberal Democrat 379 17.2 -16.8
Majority 293 13.3
Turnout 2,208 39.7
Conservative hold Swing
Yate West By-Election 27 January 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat 575 63.2 +1.8
Conservative 194 21.3 +8.7
Labour 141 15.5 -10.5
Majority 381 41.9
Turnout 910 17.9
Liberal Democrat hold Swing
Stoke Gifford By-Election 4 May 2000 (2)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 1,220
Conservative 1,127
Liberal Democrat 797
Liberal Democrat 787
Labour 734
Labour 681
Turnout 5,346 33.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Bradley Stoke Bailey's Court By-Election 6 September 2001
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat 430 51.7 -6.2
Conservative 273 32.8 +7.9
Labour 129 15.5 -1.7
Majority 157 18.9
Turnout 832 27.1
Liberal Democrat hold Swing
King's Chase By-Election 11 July 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour 1,303 55.0 -9.8
Conservative 770 32.5 +13.1
Liberal Democrat 294 12.4 -3.4
Majority 533 22.5
Turnout 2,367 29.3
Labour hold Swing

2003–2007

Bradley Stoke Baileys Court By-Election 22 April 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat 487 44.8 -8.5
Conservative 458 42.1 +13.2
Labour 142 13.1 -4.7
Majority 29 2.7
Turnout 1,087 34.6
Liberal Democrat hold Swing
Longwell Green By-Election 9 September 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative 1,036 56.6 -6.9
Liberal Democrat 422 23.0 +9.1
Labour 373 20.4 -2.1
Majority 614 33.6
Turnout 1,831 31.7
Conservative hold Swing

2007–2011

Frampton Cotterell By-Election 24 May 2007[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Dave Hockey 1,624
Liberal Democrat Pat Hockey 1,546
Conservative John Farbrother 1,179
Conservative Sarah Kitching 1,165
Labour Terry Trollope 225
Labour Ray Bazeley 162
Turnout 5,901 54.0
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

References

  1. ^ "Council compositions". The Elections Centre. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  2. ^ "The District of South Gloucestershire (Electoral Changes) Order 1998". legislation.gov.uk. 3 November 1998. Retrieved 4 October 2015.
  3. ^ "South Gloucestershire". BBC News Online. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  4. ^ "The District of South Gloucestershire (Electoral Changes) Order 2007". legislation.gov.uk. 25 January 2007. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  5. ^ "The District of South Gloucestershire (Electoral Changes) Order 2018". legislation.gov.uk. 26 April 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  6. ^ "View district candidates (by name)". South Gloucestershire Council. Retrieved 16 August 2009.

External links

This page was last edited on 29 May 2019, at 21:12
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