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South African Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

South African Party

Suid-Afrikaanse Party
Leader (s)Louis Botha,
Jan Smuts,
Barry Hertzog
Founded21 November 1910 (1910-11-21)
Dissolved4 December 1934 (1934-12-04)
Merger ofHet Volk
South African Party
Afrikaner Bond
Orangia Unie
Merged intoUnited Party
HeadquartersBloemfontein
IdeologyLiberal conservatism
White nationalism
Afrikaners' interests
Political positionRight-wing
International affiliationNone
Colours  Light blue

The South African Party was a political party that existed in the Union of South Africa from 1911 to 1934.

History

The outline and foundation for the party was realized after the election of a 'South African party' in the 1910 South African general election under the leadership of Louis Botha. It was made up predominately of Afrikaner parties:

The South African Party of the Cape Colony was launched by William Schreiner, the former attorney-general under the leadership of Cecil Rhodes. The party was intended to project a more moderate platform than that of the Afrikaner Bond. This party also advocated more peaceful relations with neighboring states, especially the Transvaal. Schreiner originally formed the party to oppose the "personal domination of Mr. Rhodes." Eventually, the Afrikaner Bond would lend their support to form a new government.[1]

Initially its main political opposition came from Unionist Party, which supported similar policies, but was more English-speaking and took an instinctively pro-British stance.

The SAP would solidify after the departure of Barry Hertzog and more radical Boer nationalists who formed the National Party.

Rising discontent with the economic policies of the SAP during the bad economic times of the early 1920s culminated in a general strike in 1922. Though a combination of military intervention and negotiation ended the strike, the memory of it remained when the government, now a SAP-Unionist coalition government under the leadership of Jan Smuts, faced the 1924 South African general election, in which it was defeated by a National-Labour coalition. The SAP remained in opposition with its Unionist allies until the unrest of the Great Depression forced Prime Minister Barry Hertzog [2] of the Nationalists to form a coalition government and on 5 December 1934 a merger which created the United South African National Party (more commonly known as the United Party).

From the beginning, an hardliner nationalist faction refused to accept the merger. The remaining nationalists later withdrew from the United Party in 1939, after which what remained was essentially the old SAP under a new name. Nevertheless, the United Party name was retained.

Election results

Election House of Assembly Share of votes Seats Government
1910 1st
67 / 121
South African Party
1915 2nd 36.67
54 / 130
South African Party
1920 3rd 36.48
41 / 134
South African Party
1921 4th 48.17
79 / 134
South African Party
1924 5th 47.05
53 / 135
National Party
1929 6th 46.51
61 / 148
National Party
1933 7th 22.34
61 / 150
National Party

External links

References

  1. ^ Meredith, Martin (2007). Diamonds, Gold, and War: The British, the Boers, and the Making of South Africa. New York: Public Affairs. ISBN 978-1-4587-1983-6. Archived from the original on 17 February 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  2. ^ Joyce, Peter. 1989. The South African Family Encyclopaedia
This page was last edited on 31 August 2020, at 02:02
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