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Jimmy Swaggart

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jimmy Swaggart
Rev. Jimmy Swaggart 01.jpg
Swaggart in 2009
Born
Jimmy Lee Swaggart

(1935-03-15) March 15, 1935 (age 85)
OccupationEvangelist, singer, author, pastor, pianist
Years active1955–present
TelevisionThe Jimmy Swaggart Telecast (1971–present)
Spouse(s)
Frances Swaggart (m. 1952)
ChildrenDonnie Swaggart
Websitejsm.org

Jimmy Lee Swaggart (/ˈswæɡərt/; born March 15, 1935) is an American Pentecostal evangelist.

Swaggart's TV ministry, which began in 1971, has a viewing audience both in the U.S. and internationally. The weekly Jimmy Swaggart Telecast and A Study in the Word programs are broadcast throughout the U.S. and on 78 channels in 104 other countries, and over the Internet.[1] At its height in the 1980s, his telecast was transmitted to over 3,000 stations and cable systems each week.[2] He currently owns and operates the SonLife Broadcasting Network.

Sexual scandals with prostitutes in the late 1980s and early 1990s led the Assemblies of God to defrock him. As a result of the scandals, Swaggart temporarily stepped down as the head of Jimmy Swaggart Ministries.[3]

Early life

Jimmy Lee Swaggart was born on March 15, 1935, in Ferriday, Louisiana.[4] By relation, he is the nephew of Arilla (née Swaggart) Wells (1916–2015), who was also the manager of Wells Grocery in Tunica, Louisiana. He is the cousin of rock'n'roll pioneer Jerry Lee Lewis and country music star Mickey Gilley.[5] He also had a sister, Jeanette Ensminger (1942–1999). With his parents, Swaggart attended a small, 25-member Assemblies of God church in Ferriday. In 1952, aged 17, Swaggart married 15-year-old Frances Anderson whom he met in church while he was playing music with his father. They have a son named Donnie. Swaggart worked several part-time odd jobs to support his young family and also began singing Southern Gospel music at various churches.

According to his autobiography, Swaggart, along with his wife and son, lived in poverty during the 1950s as he preached throughout rural Louisiana, struggling to survive on US$30 a week (equivalent to $270 in 2019). Being too poor to own a home, the Swaggarts lived in church basements, pastors' homes, and small motels. Sun Records producer Sam Phillips wanted to start a gospel line of music for the label (perhaps to remain in competition with RCA Victor and Columbia, who also had gospel lines at the time) and wanted Swaggart for Sun as the label's first gospel artist. Swaggart's cousin Jerry Lee Lewis, who had previously signed with Sun, was reportedly making $20,000 per week at the time. Although the offer meant a promise for significant income for him and his family, Swaggart turned Phillips down, stating that he was called to preach the gospel.[6]

Ordination and early career

Preaching from a flatbed trailer donated to him, Swaggart began full-time evangelistic work in 1955. He began developing a revival-meeting following throughout the American South. In 1960, he began recording gospel music record albums and transmitting on Christian radio stations. In 1961, Swaggart was ordained by the Assemblies of God; a year later he began his radio ministry. In the late 1960s, Swaggart founded what was then a small church named the Family Worship Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana; the church eventually became district-affiliated with the Assemblies of God.

In the late 1960s Swaggart began transmitting a weekly 30-minute telecast over various local television stations in Baton Rouge and also purchased a local AM radio station, WLUX (now WPFC). The station broadcast Christian feature stories, preaching and teaching to various fundamentalist and Pentecostal denominations and playing black gospel, Southern gospel, and inspirational music. As Contemporary Christian music became more prevalent, the station avoided playing it. Swaggart sold many of his radio stations gradually throughout the 1980s and early 1990s. Jimmy Swaggart Ministries still operates several radio stations that operate under the name Sonlife Radio.

Shifting to television

By 1975, Swaggart's television ministry had expanded to more stations around the U.S., and he started using television as his primary preaching forum. In 1978 Swaggart's weekly telecast was increased to an hour.

In 1980, Swaggart began a daily weekday telecast featuring Bible study and music, and the weekend, hour-long telecast included a service from either Family Worship Center (Swaggart's church) or an on-location crusade in a major city. In the early 1980s Swaggart's broadcasts expanded to major cities nationwide. By 1983, more than 250 television stations broadcast Swaggart's telecast.

Prostitution scandals

In 1988, Swaggart was implicated in a sex scandal involving a prostitute that resulted initially in his suspension, and ultimately defrocking, by the Assemblies of God. Three years later Swaggart was implicated in another scandal involving a prostitute. As a result, Swaggart's ministry became non-affiliated, non-denominational and significantly smaller than it was in the ministry's pre-scandal years.[3][7][8]

Background

Swaggart's exposure came as retaliation for an incident in 1986 in which he exposed fellow Assemblies of God minister Marvin Gorman, who had been accused of having several affairs. Once he was exposed, Gorman was defrocked from the Assemblies of God, and his ministry was all but ended. As a retaliatory move, Gorman hired his son Randy and son-in-law Garland Bilbo to stake out the Travel Inn on Airline Highway in Baton Rouge. A camera with a telephoto lens was placed in the window of the motel's Room 12, and draped with a black cloth. When Swaggart arrived, he reportedly went into Room 7. Randy Gorman and Garland Bilbo let the air out of the tires on Swaggart's vehicle. They called Marvin Gorman, whose church was located nearby. Randy Gorman and Garland Bilbo had taken photos of Swaggart outside Room 7 with Debra Murphree,[7][9] a local prostitute. Gorman arrived at the Travel Inn a short while later and asked Swaggart what he was doing there.[citation needed]

According to Swaggart: The Unauthorized Biography of an American Evangelist, by Ann Rowe Seaman, Gorman secured a promise from Swaggart that he would publicly apologize to Gorman and start the process of Gorman's reinstatement to the Assemblies of God. Gorman offered to remain silent if Swaggart would state publicly that he lied about Gorman's affairs. Gorman waited almost a year, then hand-delivered a note to Swaggart informing him his time was up; Swaggart did not respond. On February 16, 1988, Gorman contacted James Hamil, one of the 13-man Executive Presbytery of the Assemblies of God, who called G. Raymond Carlson, the Assemblies Superintendent. Carlson summoned Hamill and Gorman to fly to Assemblies of God headquarters in Springfield, Missouri, and arranged for an emergency meeting of the presbyters. He was shown photos of several men coming in and going out of Room 7 at the Travel Inn Motel in New Orleans. This was done to establish that the room was being used for prostitution. One of the men seen leaving Room 7 was Swaggart. The presbytery leadership of the Assemblies of God decided that Swaggart should be suspended from broadcasting his television program for three months.[citation needed]

According to the Associated Press, Murphree, who claimed to have posed nude for Swaggart, failed a polygraph test administered by a New York City Police Department polygraph expert.[10] The test administrator concluded that Murphree had failed to tell the truth on all key questions concerning her statement. The test was administered after Murphree offered to sell the story to the National Enquirer for $100,000. Paul Levy, senior editor for the Enquirer, stated that the polygraph examiner had concluded Murphree was not truthful on six key questions, including one in which she was reportedly asked if she had fabricated the story. Levy stated that the Enquirer decided not to print her story due to the test results, her drug use, and the fact that she had arrest warrants in three states. Murphree failed questions about whether she was paid or promised money to "set up" Swaggart, and whether she made up the story to make money from it.[11]

Swaggart's confession and defrocking

On February 21, 1988, without giving any details regarding his transgressions, Swaggart gave his now-infamous "I have sinned" speech. He spoke tearfully to his family, congregation, TV audience, and finally said "I have sinned against You, my Lord, and I would ask that Your Precious Blood would wash and cleanse every stain until it is in the seas of God's forgetfulness, not to be remembered against me anymore."[12]

The Louisiana presbytery of the Assemblies of God initially suspended Swaggart from the ministry for three months. The national presbytery of the Assemblies of God soon extended the suspension to their standard two-year suspension for sexual immorality. His return to the pulpit coincided with the end of a three-month suspension originally ordered by the Assemblies. Believing that Swaggart was not genuinely repentant in submitting to their authority, the hierarchy of the Assemblies of God immediately defrocked him, removing his credentials and ministerial license.[citation needed]

Swaggart then became an independent, non-denominational, Pentecostal minister, establishing Jimmy Swaggart Ministries, based in the Family Worship Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and the Sonlife Broadcasting Network (SBN) can be seen in the United States, as well as in many other countries across the world.[13]

1991 scandal

On October 11, 1991, Swaggart was found in the company of a prostitute for a second time. He was pulled over by a police officer in Indio, California, for driving on the wrong side of the road. With him in the vehicle was a woman named Rosemary Garcia. According to Garcia, Swaggart had stopped to proposition her on the side of the road. She later told reporters, "He asked me for sex. I mean, that's why he stopped me. That's what I do. I'm a prostitute."[14] This time, rather than confessing to his congregation, Swaggart told those at Family Worship Center, "The Lord told me it's flat none of your business."[15] Swaggart's son Donnie then announced to the stunned audience that his father would be temporarily stepping down as head of Jimmy Swaggart Ministries for "a time of healing and counseling."[14]

In popular culture

The scandals inspired the Ozzy Osbourne song "Miracle Man" on Osbourne's 1988 album No Rest for the Wicked, and a reference in the Iron Maiden song "Holy Smoke", a hit single outside the USA, from the 1990 album No Prayer for the Dying. It was also referenced in several recorded live performances by Frank Zappa with songs featuring rewritten lyrics referencing Swaggart. Jimmy Swaggart is also heard throughout the 1988 Front 242 song "Welcome to Paradise."

Ministries

Son Donnie Swaggart preaching in Florida, 2018
Son Donnie Swaggart preaching in Florida, 2018

As of 2007 Jimmy Swaggart Ministries mainly comprised Family Worship Center, The Jimmy Swaggart Telecast,[16] radio and television programs called A Study in the Word, SonLife Radio Network,[17] a website JSM org, and a 24/7 cable and satellite television network, SonLife Broadcasting Network (SBN).

Swaggart's wife Frances hosts a television program, Frances and Friends, shown daily on SBN.[18] Swaggart also hosts a daily Bible study program on SBN, The Message of the Cross. His son Donnie preaches at Family Worship Center and also preaches in churches across America and abroad.[19] Donnie's son Gabriel is the ministry's youth pastor who leads Crossfire, Family Worship Center's youth ministry.[20] SBN also delivers live broadcasts of all of its weekly services at Family Worship Center, as well as live broadcasts of all of its camp meetings.

Swaggart in 2011
Swaggart in 2011

Radio

Swaggart started SonLife Radio on the noncommercial FM band. Unlike his previous stations, SonLife was commercial-free and it did not sell time to outside ministries; the preaching and teaching were all produced in-house. The music which it played was primarily Southern Gospel. SonLife Radio can be received in 79 U.S. states and it is also streamed on the Internet.[21] Some controversy arose concerning the ministry raising money for stations that were never built.[citation needed]

List of Radio Stations

The network's flagship station is WJFM in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.[22]

Call sign Frequency City of license State Power
W
ERP
W
Height
m (ft)
Class FCC info
WJIK 89.7 FM Fulton Alabama 2,100 166 m (545 ft) A FCC
WQUA 102.1 FM Citronelle Alabama 15,000 130 m (430 ft) C3 FCC
KJSM-FM 97.7 FM Augusta Arkansas 100,000 189 m (620 ft) C1 FCC
KNHD 1450 AM Camden Arkansas 1,000 0 m (0 ft) C FCC
KUUZ 95.9 FM Lake Village Arkansas 20,000 92 m (302 ft) C3 FCC
KSSW 96.9 FM Nashville Arkansas 6,000 100 m (330 ft) A FCC
KPSH 90.9 FM Coachella California 230 190 m (620 ft) A FCC
WGSG 89.5 FM Mayo Florida 20,000 76 m (249 ft) C3 FCC
WFFL 91.7 FM Panama City Florida 310 H
304 V
63 m (207 ft) A FCC
WBMF 88.1 FM Crete Illinois 90 114 m (374 ft) A FCC
WAWF 88.3 FM Kankakee Illinois 1,250 87 m (285 ft) A FCC
WWGN 88.9 FM Ottawa Illinois 4,100 H
1,400 V
148.4 m (487 ft) B1 FCC
KBDD 91.9 FM Winfield Kansas 48,000 150 m (490 ft) C2 FCC
KJGM 88.3 FM Bastrop Louisiana 63,000 82 m (269 ft) C1 FCC
WJFM 88.5 FM Baton Rouge Louisiana 25,500 85 m (279 ft) C2 FCC
KTOC-FM 104.9 FM Jonesboro Louisiana 25,000 72 m (236 ft) C3 FCC
KCKR 91.9 FM Church Point Louisiana 12,500 141.9 m (466 ft) C3 FCC
KDJR 100.1 FM De Soto Missouri 2,000 106 m (348 ft) A FCC
WTGY 95.7 FM Charleston Mississippi 6,000 100 m (330 ft) A FCC
WJNS-FM 92.1 FM Bentonia Mississippi 4,800 111.3 m (365 ft) A FCC
KNBE 88.9 FM Beatrice Nebraska 7,500 146 m (479 ft) C3 FCC
KNFA 90.7 FM Grand Island Nebraska 1,300 58.3 m (191 ft) A FCC
WJCA 102.1 FM Albion New York 3,700 129 m (423 ft) A FCC
WYRR 88.9 FM Lakewood New York 420 102 m (335 ft) A FCC
WJYM 730 AM Bowling Green Ohio 1,000 day
359 night
0 m (0 ft) D FCC
KAJT 88.7 FM Ada Oklahoma 31,000 73 m (240 ft) C2 FCC
KMFS 1490 AM Guthrie Oklahoma 1,000 0 m (0 ft) C FCC
KREK 104.9 FM Bristow Oklahoma 5,000 107 m (351 ft) A FCC
KSSO 89.3 FM Norman Oklahoma 5,600 50 m (160 ft) A FCC
WAYB-FM 95.7 FM Graysville Tennessee 6,000 100 m (330 ft) A FCC
KNRB 100.1 FM Atlanta Texas 50,000 150 m (490 ft) C2 FCC
KYTM 99.3 FM Corrigan Texas 6,000 86 m (282 ft) A FCC

Low-powered translators

Call sign Frequency
(MHz)
City of license ERP
(W)
Class FCC info
W209CN 89.7 Andalusia, Alabama 10 D FCC
W205BX 88.9 Eufaula, Alabama 13 D FCC
K250BQ 97.9 Camden, Arkansas 250 D FCC
K209DT 89.7 El Dorado, Arkansas 38 D FCC
K219AO 91.7 Fairmont, California 89 D FCC
W213BF 90.5 Key West, Florida 50 D FCC
W215BM 90.9 Dublin, Georgia 13 D FCC
W212BL 90.3 LaGrange, Georgia 10 D FCC
W214BG 90.7 Waycross, Georgia 38 D FCC
W206AN 89.1 Carlinville, Illinois 80 D FCC
W204BG 88.7 Effingham, Illinois 19 D FCC
W217BJ 91.3 Jacksonville, Illinois 55 D FCC
K208DW 89.5 DeSoto Parish, Louisiana 20 D FCC
K220ID 91.9 Grayson, Louisiana 10 D FCC
K232FN 94.3 Many, Louisiana 250 D FCC
K216EX 91.1 Minden, Louisiana 38 D FCC
K218EY 91.5 Morgan City, Louisiana 160 D FCC
K211DY 90.1 Natchitoches, Louisiana 10 D FCC
K219FA 91.7 Alexandria, Minnesota 50 D FCC
K213DN 90.5 Morris, Minnesota 27 D FCC
K201GD 88.1 Kirksville, Missouri 10 D FCC
K219FD 91.7 Mountain Grove, Missouri 50 D FCC
K207DG 89.3 Rosati, Missouri 140 D FCC
K218DC 91.5 Springfield, Missouri 250 D FCC
K213DK 90.5 Willow Springs, Missouri 50 D FCC
W202BS 88.3 Columbia, Mississippi 13 D FCC
W208BC 89.5 Corning, New York 10 D FCC
W220DD 91.9 Morehead City, North Carolina 50 D FCC
W202BR 88.3 Rockingham, North Carolina 10 D FCC
W209BN 89.7 Chambersburg, Pennsylvania 10 D FCC
Call sign Frequency
(MHz)
City of license ERP
(W)
Class FCC info
W212BK 90.3 Franklin, Pennsylvania 10 D FCC
W207BM 89.3 Lock Haven, Pennsylvania 55 D FCC
W218BN 91.5 Mansfield, Pennsylvania 10 D FCC
W204BQ 88.7 Andrews, South Carolina 55 D FCC
W202CG 88.3 Clinton, South Carolina 27 D FCC
W204BR 88.7 Manning, South Carolina 50 D FCC
W215CK 90.9 Winnsboro, South Carolina 10 D FCC
K209DX 89.7 Brookings, South Dakota 250 D FCC
K207EW 89.3 Mitchell, South Dakota 250 D FCC
K211EC 90.1 Watertown, South Dakota 100 D FCC
K214FC 90.7 Yankton, South Dakota 92 D FCC
W217BG 91.3 Pikeville, Tennessee 10 D FCC
K216DN 91.1 Bonham, Texas 45 D FCC
K216FD 91.1 Columbus, Texas 40 D FCC
K219FH 91.7 Midland, Texas 50 D FCC
K216FC 91.1 Palestine, Texas 170 D FCC

Television

In 1973, Swaggart proposed to television producers in Nashville, Tennessee a television program including a fairly large music segment, a short sermon, and time for talking about current ministry projects, after two faltering attempts to tape the half-hour program in Baton Rouge and New Orleans. They accepted, and within weeks the Jimmy Swaggart Telecast was being broadcast around the United States.

In 1981, Swaggart launched a daily television program titled A Study in the Word. From the beginning, the primary cable channels which the program was aired on were CBN Cable (now Freeform), TBN, and the old PTL Network (now the Inspiration Network).

In 1988, Swaggart lost some of his broadcast and merchandise rights following his first prostitution scandal.[23][24] In 1991, Swaggart's career as standard televangelist came to an end after more local TV stations cancelled their contracts with him following a second prostitution scandal.[25][26][27]

In 2010, Jimmy Swaggart Ministries launched a 24 hour-a-day television network entitled the Sonlife Broadcasting Network (SBN), on DirecTV channel 344, Dish Network channel 257, Glorystar channel 125, AT&T U-verse, Verizon Fios, and various cable TV providers and broadcast stations.[28]

SBN is available in the U.S. through Free To Air (FTA) satellite television.[29][30][31] It is also available in Australia and New Zealand.

SBN is also available 24 hours a day in the United Kingdom on SKY (Channel 593), Freesat (Channel 695) and Freeview (Channel 239). It is also shown on DSTV channel 345 for african viewers

Jimmy Swaggart Bible College

In autumn 1984, Swaggart opened Jimmy Swaggart Bible College ("JSBC"). The college originally provided education and communication degrees. It flourished during the 1980s, reaching an enrollment of 1,450 students in the fall of 1987.

JSBC enrollment dropped drastically in 1988 when students left as a result of Swaggart's scandal with Debra Murphree, followed by accreditation issues. In 1988 the enrollment at the Bible college was projected to drop 72% that year but the school was planning to proceed with plans to open a theological seminary. Enrollment in August 1988 was projected to be about 400 students, compared to 1,451 students last year in 1987. The estimate was based on the number of students who had registered and the inquiries from potential students.[32] In July 1988 the college dormitories were re-branded and listed as apartments.

In 1991, JSBC was renamed to World Evangelism Bible College and enrollment dropped to 370 students. The college shut down programs in music, physical education, secretarial science, and communications that October and disbanded its basketball team.

As of fall 2019, JSBC offered the Associate of Arts and Bachelor of Arts degrees, both in Biblical Studies.[33] The College is not accredited but it is currently seeking accreditation[34]

Print

Swaggart has written about 50 Christian books offered through his ministry.[35] He is the author of the Expositor's Study Bible,[36] 13 study guides and 38 commentaries on the Bible. The ministry also publishes a monthly magazine, The Evangelist.

Family

Since October 10, 1952, Swaggart has been married to Frances Swaggart (née Anderson) (born August 9, 1937). They have one son, Donnie (born October 18, 1954), named after Jimmy Swaggart's brother who died in infancy. He has three grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.[1]

Donnie and his son Gabriel are also preachers, making three generations of the Swaggart family to have become involved in ministerial work.[37][38]

References

  1. ^ a b About Jimmy Swaggart Ministries jsm.com. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
  2. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart Ministries". Jsm.org. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Djupe, Paul A.; Olson, Laura R. (2008). Encyclopedia of American religion and politics. Checkmark Books. p. 430. ISBN 978-0-8160-7555-3. Retrieved March 13, 2011.
  4. ^ Curtis, Ian (June 2006). Jesus: Myth or Reality?. ISBN 9780595397648.
  5. ^ Unconquered: The Saga of Cousins Jerry Lee Lewis, Jimmy Swaggart, and Mickey Gilley 488 pages Brown Books Publishing Group (May 1, 2012), English ISBN 978-1612540412
  6. ^ Jimmy Swaggart; Robert Paul Lamb (1984). To cross a river (3rd ed.). Baton Rouge, La.: Jimmy Swaggart Ministries. ISBN 978-0-88270-221-6.
  7. ^ a b Kaufman, Joanne (March 7, 1988). "The Fall of Jimmy Swaggart". People. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
  8. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart | Biography, Ministries, & Scandals". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  9. ^ Applebome, Peter (February 25, 1988). "Scandal Spurs Interest in Swaggart Finances". Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  10. ^ Associated Press. Ocala Star-Banner, February 27, 1988.[full citation needed]
  11. ^ Toronto Star, February 27, 1988.[full citation needed]
  12. ^ Swaggart, Jimmy. "Reverend Jimmy Swaggart: Apology Sermon". americanrhetoric.com. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  13. ^ Dept., JSM Web. "Family Worship Center – Jimmy Swaggart Ministries – Baton Rouge". Retrieved April 15, 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Swaggart Plans to Step Down". The New York Times. October 15, 1991. Retrieved January 25, 2007.
  15. ^ "Swaggart: God Says `It's None Of Your Business'". Seattle Times. October 17, 1991
  16. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart Ministries – TV Programming". Archived from the original on January 23, 2007. Retrieved January 28, 2007.
  17. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart Ministries – SonLife Radio". Archived from the original on February 2, 2007. Retrieved February 22, 2007.
  18. ^ "Frances and Friends".
  19. ^ "Donnie Swaggart".
  20. ^ "CrossFire".
  21. ^ "SonLife Broadcasting Network | SBN | Jimmy Swaggart Ministries". sonlifetv.com. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  22. ^ WJFM fcc.gov. Accessed September 6, 2016
  23. ^ Harris, Art (February 25, 1988). "JIMMY SWAGGART AND THE SNARE OF SIN". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  24. ^ "Ministry Makes $150 Million a Year : Rich Life Style Reflects Swaggart Empire's Wealth". March 14, 1988.
  25. ^ "Can Jimmy Swaggart Survive His Second Fall from Grace?".
  26. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart Losing International Television Ministry".
  27. ^ "Jimmy Swaggart's television broadcast empire going dark".
  28. ^ "Sonlife Broadcasting Network". SonLife Broadcasting Network.
  29. ^ "Galaxy 19 at 97.0°W". LyngSat. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  30. ^ "SonLife Broadcasting Network". LyngSat. Archived from the original on December 26, 2012. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  31. ^ "Satellites | SonLife Broadcasting Network". Sonlifetv.com. Archived from the original on April 11, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  32. ^ "Enrollment Expected to Drop 72% at Jimmy Swaggart Bible College". July 23, 1988.
  33. ^ "About JSBC | JImmy Swaggart Bible College & Seminary". www.jsbc.edu. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  34. ^ "F.A.Q's". Jimmy Swaggart Bible College and Seminary. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  35. ^ "Books by Jimmy Swaggart (Author of The Expositor's Study Bible KJVersion/Concordance)". Goodreads.com. Retrieved March 15, 2012.
  36. ^ Swaggart, Jimmy (August 9, 2005). The Expositor's Study Bible KJVersion/Concordance. Jimmy Swaggart Ministries. ISBN 9780976953005.
  37. ^ Dept., JSM Web. "SonLife Broadcasting Network – SBN – Jimmy Swaggart Ministries". Retrieved April 15, 2017.
  38. ^ Dept., JSM Web. "JSM Ministers – Pastors – Jimmy Swaggart Ministries – Family Worship Center". Retrieved April 15, 2017.

External links

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