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Socialist People's Party of Montenegro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Socialist People's Party of Montenegro (Serbian: Социјалистичка народна партија Црне Горе / Socijalistička narodna partija Crne Gore, SNP) is a socially conservative[1] social-democratic[1][2] opposition political party in Montenegro.

SNP is a founding member of the For the Future of Montenegro political coalition. The latter won 27 seats in the 81-seat parliament of Montenegro at the 2020 parliamentary election, 4 of those belonging to SNP. The party is pro-European Union and anti-NATO.

History

Origins

In the late 1990s a rift inside the ruling Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro came out. On the 1997 Montenegrin presidential election, aside then's President of the Republic and the Party Momir Bulatović, the Premier of Montenegro and party's vice-president Milo Đukanović ran too, leading a reforming wing opposing mainstream DPS CG's political attitudes regarding support of Serbian president Slobodan Milošević. The ruling parties of the Republic of Serbia (the constitutive partner of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia like the Republic of Montenegro), SPS and SRS, have soundly and firmly stood on Momir Bulatović's side, while the opposition in Serbia (SPO, DS, DSS and GS) gave their support for Đukanović.

It is so that the Democratic Party of Socialists — Momir Bulatović had officially seceded from the other branch of the Democratic Party of Socialists, but Bulatović's supports had only retained majority in 5 municipalities of Montenegro, while the other 16 in which DPS reigned voiced their support of Milo Đukanović.

Momir Bulatović, founder and the first leader of the Socialist People's Party of Montenegro.
Momir Bulatović, founder and the first leader of the Socialist People's Party of Montenegro.

Momir presented in the political campaign that his main goal was the preservation of FRY and the maintaining of the present political status in Montenegro. In the first round on 5 October 1997 Momir Bulatović won receiving most votes, 147,615 or 47.45%, but lost to opposing Milo the second round on 19 October 1997 when he won 169,257 or only 49.2%. Momir refused to recognize the results, calling them unrealistic and forged — considering that every single of the other candidates that ran in the first circle voiced their support in Momir in the second. One of the main controversial moments, as criticized by OEBS, is that Milo as Premier, managed to seize control of the Montenegrin national media (e.g. TV CG). On the other side, the Serbian national media had also been unbalanced, promoting Momir. The other unbalancing issue is that Milo, as Premier, was in a much stronger position to further his personal goals, controlling the government (the President had very little authority in effect) and had seized control over most of DPS' local authorities, while Democratic Party of Socialists — Momir Bulatović got only 5 of total DPS' 21.

On the other hand, Momir enjoyed the support of Serbia and the Federal Yugoslav government itself. With the huge clashes between Momir and Milo, the election respected minimal democratic standards. However, with eventual loss at the election, the rift between the two wings was final.

First Period

By 2000, Milošević began to lose its ground in Serbia, and it became apparent that he no longer had support either within the international community or his own country. However, Momir Bulatović was still a close ally of Milošević, and that fact led to a split within the SNP on whether to stay loyal to Milošević or to become a party with a more democratic image. In 2001 the pro-European and democratic wing led by Predrag Bulatović prevailed and he became SNP's president. The party continued to be a proponent of the union with Serbia, while the old-style pro-Milosevic faction of politicians formed the People's Socialist Party (Народна социјалистичка странка, Narodna socijalistička stranka) under Momir Bulatović.

Second Period

2006 Socialist People's Party's Flag of Montenegro proposal.
2006 Socialist People's Party's Flag of Montenegro proposal.

As some ethnic Serb parties took advantage of the SNP's new orientation and attracted some voters, SNP became the strongest opposition party in Montenegro. It was the leader of the Movement for European Union of Serbia and Montenegro, which eventually failed to preserve the union with Serbia. SNP avoided to explicitly state its rejection of the 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum results, but it refused to attend the country's inauguration ceremonies. Other pro-union opposition parties openly refused to recognize the results.

On the first parliamentary elections in independent Montenengro, SNP saw the largest downfall of the number of its voters since the founding of the party. The coalition it had led in 2002 elections fell from 30 to 11 seats in the Montenegrin parliament. SNP lost its status of leader of Montenegrin opposition in favour of Serbian List led by Serbian People's Party of Montenegro (12 seats) and Movement for Changes (11 seats). This resulted in resignation of party's leader Predrag Bulatović, as well as three vice-presidents.

Third Period

On 27 December 2006, Srđan Milić was announced new party president, after gaining the majority of General Party Congress votes, and beating the other two candidates, Dragiša Pešić and Borislav Globarević, representing the victory of the excessively pro-European Unionist program. SNP CG has adopted a strongly civic Social Democrat political course and broke off the traditional coalition with the People's Party and the Democratic Serb Party.

Socialist People's Party leadership, under Srđan Milić in April 2014.
Socialist People's Party leadership, under Srđan Milić in April 2014.

In the negotiations for the new Montenegrin Constitution, SNP has forged a united political alliance of practically the entire Opposition with the Movement for Changes, both of its old partners the People's Party and Democratic Serb Party, the members of the Serb List alliance, the Bosniak Party and the ethnic Albanian Democratic League in Montenegro and Albanian Alternative with a united platform, preparing to boycott the referendum. However, NS, DSS, DSCG and SL retreated from negotiations with the opposition. On the other hand, PzP, BS and AA accepted independently from the alliance terms of the ruling coalition and are ready to give the required super-majority to adopt the constitution. SNP has submitted 33 amendments and still does not include the option to support the constitution as well, under the condition that its amendments — previously included in the Opposition's demands — are adopted.

The reforms of Srđan Milić worked well for SNP, as on 2009 Montenegrin parliamentary election it won 16 seats in Parliament of Montenegro, becoming once again the biggest sole opposition party.

Before the 2012 parliamentary election right-wing faction of the party led by their former president Predrag Bulatović left the party and join Democratic Front alliance.[3] At election party ran independently and won only 11.06% of the votes, and 9 seats.

In February 2015, party faction led by Aleksa Bečić split from the SNP due to disagreements with party leader Milić, having decided to form a new political party, Democratic Montenegro.[4]

In September 2016, SNP decided to enter the Key Coalition with DEMOS and URA in order to participate at the forthcoming parliamentary election.[5] Coalition was third ranked electoral list with 11.05% of the votes and 9 seats, out of which SNP won only 3. Some time afterwards Aleksandar Damjanović left the parliamentary group.

Fourth Period

After party president Srđan Milić resignation after 11 years of leading party for a catastrophically poor results at 2016 parliamentary elections. Vladimir Joković, supported by party faction led by former president of party parliamentary club Aleksandar Damjanović and current mayor of Berane Dragoslav Šćekić, was surprisingly elected President of the party at party General Congress held on 13 August 2017, in front of favored Snežana Jonica, supported by fraction close to former party leader Milić.[6] In mid-2019, centre-left party faction led by Jonica split from the SNP due to ideological disagreements with the new party leadership, having decided to form a new political group, Socialists of Montenegro (Socijalisti Crne Gore, SCG).[7]

On 1 May 2019 SNP sign an agreement with Independent parliamentary group of Parliament of Montenegro composed of United Montenegro (UCG), Workers' Party (RP) and two independent MPs, including former SNP high-ranking member Aleksandar Damjanović, forming new catch-all alliance named For the Benefit of All[8] Alliance eventually dissoluted prior the parliamentary election in August 2020, all three parties decided to join a pre-election coalition with right-wing Democratic Front (DF) alliance, under the name For the Future of Montenegro, employing a more significant cultural and socially conservative discourse, supporting 2019-2020 clerical protests in Montenegro and Serbian Orthodox Church rights in Montenegro.[9]

Electoral results

Parliamentary elections

Parliament of Montenegro
Year Popular vote % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Coalition Government Leader
1997 Split from DPS (Split from DPS)
18 / 75
Increase 18 opposition Momir Bulatović
1998 123,957 35.62%
29 / 75
Increase 11 opposition Momir Bulatović
2001 148,513 40.56%
21 / 75
Decrease 8 ZZP opposition Predrag Bulatović
2002 133,894 38.4%
19 / 75
Decrease 2 ZZP opposition Predrag Bulatović
2006 47,683 14.07%
8 / 81
Decrease 11 NS-DSS opposition Predrag Bulatović
2009 54,547 16.8%
16 / 81
Increase 8 opposition Srđan Milić
2012 40,131 11.06%
9 / 81
Decrease 7 opposition Srđan Milić
2016 42,295 11.05%
3 / 81
Decrease 6 Ključ opposition Srđan Milić
2020 133,261 32.55%
5 / 81
Increase 2 ZBCG government Vladimir Joković

Federal elections

Chamber of Citizens of the Federal Assembly of Yugoslavia
Year Popular vote % of popular vote Seats Montenegrin seats Seat change Government Carrier
2000 104,198 83.10%
28 / 138
28 / 30
Increase 28 government Zoran Žižić

Presidential elections

President of Montenegro
Election year Candidate # 1st round votes % # 2nd round votes % Note
1997 Momir Bulatović 1st 147,610 47.44% 2nd 169,257 49.20
2008 Srđan Milić 4th 39,316 11.92% N/A
2013 Miodrag Lekić 2nd 154,289 48.79% N/A Independent; support
2018 Mladen Bojanić 2nd 111,711 33.40% N/A Independent; support

Positions held

Major positions held by Socialist People's Party of Montenegro members:

Prime Minister of FR Yugoslavia Years
Momir Bulatović 1998–2000
Zoran Žižić 2000–2001
Dragiša Pešić 2001–2003
President of the Chamber of Republics
of the Federal Assembly of Yugoslavia
Years
Srđa Božović 1997–2003
President of Montenegro Years
Momir Bulatović 1997–1998

References

  1. ^ a b c d Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Montenegro". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 592. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Osnovana Demokratska narodna partija". pcnen.com.
  4. ^ Aleksa Bečić napušta SNP: Ne mogu sa Milićem i Jonicom, Vijesti, 1. February 2015
  5. ^ Lekić nosilac liste koalicije "Ključ", Vijesti
  6. ^ Joković novi predsjednik SNP-a, Vijesti, 13. August 2017
  7. ^ Snežana Jonica osniva Novu Socijalističku Narodnu Partiju
  8. ^ Savez ,,Da svako ima“ kreće od Bijelog Polja, Analitika, 30 April 2019
  9. ^ DF, SNP, Narodni pokret i Prava zajedno na izborima, Vijesti, 31 July 2020
This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 12:40
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