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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A sołectwo [sɔˈwɛt͡stfɔ] (About this soundlisten) (Polish plural: sołectwa) is an administrative unit in Poland, an optional subdivision of a gmina. The actions and organs of the sołectwo are decided by the gmina council. On 31 December 2018 Poland had 40 740 sołectwos.[1]

Government and politics

The legislative organ in a sołectwo is a zebranie wiejskie [pl] (village meeting) and the executive is a sołtys. A sołectwo council (rada sołecka) provides support to the sołtys. The sołtys and the council are elected by permanent citizens of the sołectwo.[2] A zebranie wiejskie is an example of a direct democracy, as the most important concerns of the citizens are addressed. Citizens' participation in these events varies a lot. The national average is 15%.[3]

From 2010 sołectwos can use their own budget independently if the gmina council agrees to let them to do so. In 2013 half of all gminas with sołectwos adapted to the change.[3]

Structure

A sołectwo usually contains one settlement (village, przysiółek or hamlet), but sometimes it contains more than one or a city has a few sołectwos inside itself.

In cities

The equivalent of a sołectwo in a city is often an osiedle or a dzielnica. There are examples where sołectwos are established within city limits. As of the year 2013, 49 sołectwos were functioning in 12 city gminas. Sołectwos were used as city districts in the cities of Krasnystaw, Orzesze, Jastrzębie-Zdrój, Mikołów, Pieszyce, Zawiercie, Suwałki, Kalisz, Czarna Woda, Miasteczko Śląskie, Woźniki, Sejny and Świnoujście. Until 2013, three sołectwos existed in Warsaw's district of Białołęka.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "2. Organizacja państwa" (PDF). Mały Rocznik Statystyczny Polski 2019: 64. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  2. ^ (Art. 36) Ustawa z dnia 8 marca 1990 r. o samorządzie gminnym, 1990
  3. ^ a b c "Sołectwa i fundusz sołecki w gminach miejskich". Stowarzyszenie Liderów Lokalnych Grup Obywatelskich. 1 May 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
This page was last edited on 4 October 2021, at 14:34
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