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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A skyquake is a phenomenon where a loud booming sound is reported to originate from the sky. The sound may cause noticeable vibration in a building or across a particular area. Those who experience skyquakes typically do not have a clear explanation for what caused them and they are perceived as "mysterious".

They have been heard in several locations around the world, including the banks of the river Ganges, Marwadi/Marawadi (मरवड़ी/मराड़ी) village in Himachal Pradesh, the East Coast and inland Finger Lakes of the United States, the city of Hudson, Wisconsin, the Magic Valley in South Central Idaho of the United States, Colombia, Southern Canada, as well as areas of the North Sea, Japan, Finland, Australia, Italy, Drogheda, Bettystown, Slane, Dundalk, Ireland, England, Pune, Ambala, The Netherlands, Norway, Bengaluru, Tierra del Fuego Argentina, United Kingdom, Jakarta and West Java (11 April 2020),[1] Brazil, Uruguay, Tampico, Mexico on 23 April 2020, Central Java on (11 May 2020),[2] Bandung of West Java on 11 May 2020,[3] and recently, the 6-hour skyquake heard from several cities in East Java (Batu, Malang, and Surabaya) on 2 February 2021.[4][5]

Local names

Names (according to area) are:

They have been reported from an Adriatic island in 1824; Western Australia, South Australia and Victoria in Australia; Belgium; frequently on calm summer days in the Bay of Fundy, Canada; Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland; Scotland; Passamaquoddy Bay, New Brunswick; Cedar Keys, Florida; Franklinville, New York in 1896; and northern Georgia in the United States.[10]

Their sound has been described as being like distant but inordinately loud thunder while no clouds are in the sky large enough to generate lightning. Those familiar with the sound of cannon fire say the sound is nearly identical. The booms occasionally cause shock waves that rattle plates. Early white settlers in North America were told by the native Haudenosaunee Iroquois that the booms were the sound of the Great Spirit continuing his work of shaping the earth.

The terms "mistpouffers" and "Seneca guns" both originate in Seneca Lake, NY, and refer to the rumble of artillery fire. James Fenimore Cooper, author of The Last of the Mohicans, wrote "The Lake Gun" in 1850, a short story describing the phenomenon heard at Seneca Lake, which seems to have popularized the terms.

Hypotheses

Their origin has not been positively identified. They have been explained as:

  • Coronal mass ejection CMEs often generate shock waves similar to what happens when an aircraft flies at a speed higher than the speed of sound in Earth's atmosphere (sonic boom). The solar wind's equivalent of a sonic boom can accelerate protons up to millions of miles per minute—as much as 40 percent of the speed of light.
  • Meteors entering the atmosphere causing sonic booms.
  • Gas:
    • Gas escaping from vents in the Earth's surface.
    • With lakes, bio gas from decaying vegetation trapped beneath the lake bottoms suddenly bursting forth. This is plausible, since Cayuga Lake and Seneca Lake are two large and deep lakes.
    • Explosive release of less volatile gases generated as limestone decays in underwater caves.
  • Military aircraft creating sonic booms (though this origin cannot explain occurrences before supersonic flight started).
  • Shallow earthquakes can generate sound waves with little ground vibration. The "booming" sound is heard only in a localized area around the epicenter.[11] [12]
  • Underwater caves collapsing, and the air rapidly rising to the surface.
  • Possible resonance from solar and/or earth magnetic activity inducing sounds.[13]
  • Volcanic eruptions
  • Avalanches, either natural or human-made for avalanche control.
  • Atmospheric ducting where distant thunder or other sounds are propagated across long distances due to travel through distinct atmospheric layers.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ JawaPos.com (2020-04-11). "Penjelasan BMKG Terkait Suara Dentuman di Jakarta Dini Hari Tadi". JawaPos.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-05-22.
  2. ^ JawaPos.com (2020-05-11). "BMKG Pastikan Suara Dentuman di Jawa Tengah Bukan dari Gempa Tektonik". JawaPos.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-05-22.
  3. ^ JawaPos.com (2020-05-21). "Warga Dengar Dentuman dari Langit, BMKG Sebut Bukan Gempa atau Petir". JawaPos.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-05-22.
  4. ^ Azmi, Faiq (2021-02-03). "Suara Dentuman di Malang Juga Terdengar hingga Surabaya". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  5. ^ Okezone (2021-02-03). "6 Jam Suara Dentuman Misterius di Malang, Begini Penjelasan BMKG : Okezone News" (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  6. ^ T.D. LaTouche, "On the Sounds Known as Barisal Guns", Report (1890-8) of the annual meeting By British Association for the Advancement of Science, Issue 60, pp. 800.
  7. ^ Eraldo Baldini, "Tenebrosa Romagna", Il Ponte Vecchio, 2014, p. 21.
  8. ^ William R. Corliss, Earthquakes, Tides, Unidentified Sounds, and related phenomena (The Sourcebook Project, 1983).
  9. ^ M.G.J.Minnaert, De Natuurkunde van 't Vrije Veld, Deel 2: Geluid, Warmte, Elektriciteit, § 48: Mistpoeffers, bladzijden 63-64.
  10. ^ Appletons' Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events. 1899. p. 440.
  11. ^ Earthquake Booms, Seneca Guns, and Other Sounds, usgs.gov, 2013-10-29
  12. ^ "Milkshakes: unusual earthquakes strike Wisconsin". Ars Technica. 2013-02-25. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
  13. ^ Dimitar Ouzounov; Sergey Pulinets; Alexey Romanov; Alexander Romanov; Konstantin Tsybulya; Dimitri Davidenko; Menas Kafatos; Patrick Taylor (2011). "Atmosphere-Ionosphere Response to the M9 Tohoku Earthquake Revealed by Joined Satellite and Ground Observations. Preliminary results". arXiv:1105.2841 [physics.geo-ph].
  14. ^ Wilson, D. Keith; Noble, John M.; Coleman, Mark A. (2003-10-01). "Sound Propagation in the Nocturnal Boundary Layer". Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 60 (20): 2473–2486. doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2003)0602.0.CO;2. ISSN 0022-4928.
This page was last edited on 25 May 2022, at 16:55
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