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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Counties before 1997.
Counties before 1997.

Skåne County (Swedish: Skåne län), sometimes referred to as Scania County in English, is the southernmost county or län, of Sweden, basically corresponding to the traditional province Skåne. It borders the counties of Halland, Kronoberg and Blekinge. The seat of residence for the Skåne Governor is the city of Malmö. The headquarters of Skåne Regional Council is the town of Kristianstad.[4]

The present county was created in 1997 when Kristianstad County and Malmöhus County were merged, and it covers around 3% of Sweden's total area, but its population of 1,250,000 comprises 13% of Sweden's total population. Prince Oscar of Sweden is Duke of Skåne.

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Transcription

Contents

Endonym and exonym

When the new county was established in 1997, it was decided to name it after the historical province Skåne so it was given the name Skåne län. The most common name used in English is Skåne County,[5][6][7] even if the form Scania County occurs.[8][9][10][11] It cannot be considered wrong to use either form in English.[citation needed]

Heraldry

The coat of arms for Skåne County is the same as for the province of Skåne, only with the tinctures reversed and the crown, beak and tongue of the griffin in the same color. When the arms are shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board, which is the regional presence of (royal) government authority. Blazon: "Gules, a Griffin's head erased Or, crowned and armed the same".

Provinces

Skåne County is the administrative equivalent of the province of Skåne, but it also includes an insignificant part of the province of Halland.

Administration

Skåne County is administered as Region Skåne, one of the 20 county councils of Sweden. Its main responsibilities are for the public healthcare system and public transport. In addition, it has for a trial period assumed certain tasks from the County Administrative Board. The two former administrative county councils of the province of Skåne shown on the map, Kristianstad County and Malmöhus County, which were established in 1719 were merged in 1997, forming the present county with boundaries that are almost identical to the boundaries of the province.

The seat of residence for the Governor (landshövding) is the city of Malmö. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Skåne Governors.

County council

Region Skåne is an evolved County Council, which was established in 1999 when the County Councils of the former counties were amalgamated.

Its county or regional assembly is the highest political body in the region and its members are elected by the electorate,[12] as opposed to the county administrative board, that guards the national interests in the county under the chairmanship of the county governor (landshövding in Swedish).

Municipalities

Municipalities of Skåne
Municipalities of Skåne

Skåne County contains 33 municipalities[13] (kommuner in Swedish), the largest by population being Malmö Municipality (301,000 inhabitants), Helsingborg Municipality (130,000), Lund Municipality (111,000 inhabitants) and Kristianstad Municipality (80,000 inhabitants). The municipalities have municipal governments, similar to city commissions, and are further divided into parishes. The parish division is traditionally used by the Church of Sweden, but also serves as a divisioning measure for Swedish census and elections.

Elections

The electoral districts of Skåne County for national parliamentary elections
The electoral districts of Skåne County for national parliamentary elections

The county is divided into four parliamentary constituencies or electoral districts, electing 45 of the 349 members of the Riksdag. Each district is made up of one or more municipalities.

After the Swedish general election in 2014, the Skåne County council are represented by the following political parties:

In the 2018 general election, The Sweden Democrats SD performed particularly well in Skåne County, having the highest number of voters in 21 out of the county's 33 municipalities.[14]

Moderate Party Christian Democrats Centre Party Liberal People's Party Green Party Social Democratic Party Left Party Sweden Democrats others
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
117,657 22.3 35 26,094 3.3 5 33,570 4.2 7 47,199 5.9 9 52,987 6.7 11 257,704 32.4 51 42,324 5.3 8 115,735 14.5 23 42,718 5.4 0

Localities in order of size

The ten most populous localities of Skåne County in 2010:[15]

# Locality Population
1 Malmö 280,415
2 Helsingborg 97,122
3 Lund 82,800
4 Kristianstad 35,711
5 Landskrona 30,499
6 Trelleborg 28,290
7 Ängelholm 23,240
8 Hässleholm 18,500
9 Ystad 18,350
10 Eslöv 17,748

The ten largest municipalities of Skåne County by total area.

# Municipality Size (km2)
1 Kristanstad Municipality 1,818.24
2 Hässleholm Municipality 1,306.27
3 Simrishamn Municipality 1,261.15
4 Ystad Municipality 1,189.32
5 Trelleborg Municipality 1,175.03
6 Båstad Municipality 881.90
7 Vellinge Municipality 705.46
8 Höganäs Municipality 676.12
9 Osby Municipality 599.84
10 Skurup Municipality 510.96

Transport

The motorway built between Malmö and Lund in 1953 was the first motorway in Sweden. With the opening of the Oresund Bridge between Malmö and Copenhagen (the longest combined road and rail bridge in Europe) in 2000, the Swedish motorways were linked with European route E20 in Denmark, and the two countries' railway systems were physically connected. Before the bridge was built there were train ferries operated between Helsingborg and Helsingør. There are also train ferries to and from Germany and Poland.

Skåne has three major public airports, Malmö Airport, Ängelholm-Helsingborg Airport and Kristianstad Airport. One of the oldest airports in the world still in use is located in Skåne, namely Ljungbyhed Airport, in operation since 1910. Starting in 1926, the Swedish Air Force used the airport for flight training, and up until the military school was moved to the nearby Ängelholm F10 Wing in 1997, the airport was extremely busy. In the late 1980s, it was Sweden's busiest airport, with a record high of more than 1,400 take-offs and landings per day.[16]

The major ports of Skåne are Trelleborg, Ystad, Åhus, Copenhagen Malmö Port, Landskrona Harbour and Helsingborg Harbour. Ferry connections across the Baltic Sea operate from several smaller ports as well.

References

  1. ^ make_lan_03.pl. "SNA Länsfakta: Skåne län". www.sna.se. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2017 och befolkningsförändringar 1 juli–30 september 2017. Totalt". Statistics Sweden. 2017-11-08. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 2017-11-19.
  3. ^ "Home - SUBMARINER Network". www.submariner-network.eu. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  4. ^ About Region Skåne Archived 2004-10-23 at Archive.is. Region Skåne. Retrieved 10 April 2008.
  5. ^ Board, County Administrative. "County Administrative Board". www.lansstyrelsen.se. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  6. ^ make_lan_html02.pl. "County of Skåne - Facts". www.sna.se. Archived from the original on 31 January 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Contacting the Police - www.polisen.se". polisen.se. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Lund University". lu.se. Archived from the original on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Swedish Environmental Protection Agency" (PDF). naturvardsverket.se. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Malmo - Nordicnet.net". www.nordicnet.net. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  11. ^ "ESMS : Malmo Sturup". www.airportnavfinder.com. Archived from the original on 28 August 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  12. ^ Region Skåne. Democracy-Increased autonomy Archived 2004-10-23 at Archive.is. Official site. Retrieved 24 August 2007.
  13. ^ Region Skåne.Municipalities in Skåne[permanent dead link]. Official site. Retrieved 24 August 2007.
  14. ^ Orange, Richard (11 September 2018). "Sweden Democrats biggest in two-thirds of Skåne districts". The Local. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Tätorter 2010 (Localities 2010)". Statistics Sweden (in Swedish). 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2014.
  16. ^ Ljungbyhed airport - ESTL. Fact sheet created by Lund University School of Aviation. Retrieved 22 January 2007.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 September 2018, at 03:52
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