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Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir William Ashburnham
Sir William Ashburnham

Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet (16 January 1710 – 4 September 1797) was a Church of England priest and also a baronet.


William Ashburnham was the son of Sir Charles Ashburnham, the 3rd baronet of Bromham, Guestling, Sussex. William succeeded to the title as 4th Baronet Ashburnham, on 3 October 1762. He married Margaret daughter of Thomas Pelham of Lewes, in Guestling and had a son William who became the M.P. for Hastings.[1]


Ashburnham matriculated in 1728 and then went on to study at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge where he received a B.A. in 1732–1733.

William Ashburnham was elected a fellow[2] of Corpus Christi in 1733–1735, received his M.A. (Lit. Reg.[3] ) in 1739, and granted DD in 1749.[4]


Ashburnham was ordained 1733 and appointed chaplain to the Royal Hospital Chelsea in 1741.[1] The following year, 1742 he became Vicar of St Peter Bexhill, Sussex.[5] He was made Dean of Chichester in 1742 and in 1743 canon residentiary of St Paul's Cathedral (a preferment he kept in commendam with the see[6]).[7] Then from 1754 he was Bishop of Chichester for 44 years till his death in 1797, one of the longest episcopates for the see of Chichester.[7] Ashburnham was also rector of Guestling, 1743–1797.[5]

During 1767, while Bishop of Chichester, Ashburnham was asked by the dean and chapter to reduce the number of professional adult male singers in the choir (known as lay vicars).[8] The establishment had been for eight.[8] Ashburnham issued statutes to reduce the number to four, their wages immediately being increased by dividing amongst them the stipend originally allotted to the whole body.[8]

The current Chichester Cathedral choir has an establishment for six lay vicars.[9]

William Ashburnham died 4 September 1797.[4]


Coat of arms of Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet
Ashburnham Achievement.png
Out of a ducal coronet Or an ash tree Proper
Gules a fess between six mullets Argent
Will God, And I Shall [10]

See also


  1. ^ a b Kimber. The baronetage of England. p. 194
  2. ^ Fellow A senior member of a college, supported to a greater or lesser extent by, or enjoying perquisites from the college's endowment.
  3. ^ .Lit. Reg.Litterae Regiae: royal mandates directing the conferring of a degree
  4. ^ a b "Ashburnham, William (ASBN728W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  5. ^ a b "Ashburnham, William (1733–1797) (CCEd Person ID 9372)". The Clergy of the Church of England Database 1540–1835. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  6. ^ Commendam–the temporary holding of a benefice, with the right to its revenues, by a cleric or layman in the absence of a proper incumbent: he was said to hold the benefice in commendam. [1]
  7. ^ a b Stephens. Memorials of the South Saxon See. p. 310
  8. ^ a b c Stephen . Memorials of the South Saxon See. p. 346
  9. ^ Chichester Cathedral choir information
  10. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1949.


Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Charles Ashburnham
(of Broomham)
Succeeded by
William Ashburnham
Church of England titles
Preceded by
James Hargraves
Dean of Chichester
Succeeded by
Thomas Ball
Preceded by
Matthias Mawson
Bishop of Chichester
Succeeded by
John Buckner

This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 00:15
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