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Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arms of Temple of Stowe: Or, an eagle displayed sable
Arms of Temple of Stowe: Or, an eagle displayed sable

Sir Richard Temple, 3rd Baronet (28 March 1634 – 8 May 1697) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1654 and 1697.

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Temple was the son of Sir Peter Temple, 2nd Baronet of Stowe and his second wife Christian Leveson, daughter of Sir John Leveson.[1] He was admitted at Gray's Inn on 6 November 1648 and at Emmanuel College, Cambridge on 23 December 1648. He inherited the baronetcy on the death of his father in September 1653.[2]

In 1654, Temple was elected Member of Parliament for Warwickshire in the First Protectorate Parliament and in 1659, he was elected MP for Buckingham in the Third Protectorate Parliament.[3]

Temple was elected MP again for Buckingham in 1660 for the Convention Parliament. He was made Knight of the Bath on 18 April 1661. He was re-elected in 1661 for the Cavalier Parliament and sat until 1679.[3] He was a member of the Council for foreign plantations in 1671 and commissioner of customs from 1672 to 1694. He took a leading part against the Popish Plot, and for excluding James, Duke of York from the crown.[2] In the February 1679 election there was a double return and Sir Peter Tyrell was declared elected. However Temple regained the seat in August 1679 and held it until his death in 1697.[3] In 1676 Temple commissioned a new house at Stowe which forms the core of the present building.[4]

Temple died at the age of 63.


St John the Baptist Church, Hagley, memorial to Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Baronet (1686–1751) and his wife Christian, née Temple
St John the Baptist Church, Hagley, memorial to Sir Thomas Lyttelton, 4th Baronet (1686–1751) and his wife Christian, née Temple

Temple married Mary Knapp, daughter of Henry Knapp of Woodcote, South Stoke, Oxfordshire on 25 August 1675.[3] He had several children:


  1. ^ a b Account of the Temple family
  2. ^ a b "Temple, Richard (TML648R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ a b c d History of Parliament Online - Temple, Sir Richard
  4. ^ National Trust - Stowe Archived 11 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^, West, Temple (1713-57), of Upper Grosvenor St., London.
  6. ^ Source for her is G.E.C. Peerage, ii, 324. From: 'Parishes : Wotton Underwood', A History of the County of Buckingham: Volume 4 (1927), pp. 130-134. URL:
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John St Nicholas
Richard Lucy
Member of Parliament for Warwickshire
With: Richard Lucy
Thomas Willoughby
William Purefoy
Succeeded by
Richard Lucy
Sir Roger Burgoyn
Edward Peyto
Joseph Hawksworth
Preceded by
Francis Ingoldsby
Member of Parliament for Buckingham
With: Francis Ingoldsby
Succeeded by
John Dormer
Preceded by
John Dormer
Member of Parliament for Buckingham
With: John Dormer 1660
Sir William Smyth, Bt 1661–1679
Succeeded by
Viscount Latimer
Sir Peter Tyrrell, Bt
Preceded by
Viscount Latimer
Sir Peter Tyrrell, Bt
Member of Parliament for Buckingham
With: Viscount Latimer 1679–1681
Sir Ralph Verney, Bt 1681–1690
Alexander Denton 1690–1697
Succeeded by
Alexander Denton
Sir Richard Temple, Bt
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Peter Temple
(of Stowe)
Succeeded by
Richard Temple


This page was last edited on 2 March 2021, at 16:23
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