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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Simo
Municipality
Simon kunta
Simo kommun
Simo railway station
Simo railway station
Coat of arms of Simo
Location of Simo in Finland
Location of Simo in Finland
Coordinates: 65°39.5′N 025°04′E / 65.6583°N 25.067°E / 65.6583; 25.067
Country Finland
RegionLapland
Sub-regionKemi–Tornio sub-region
Charter1608/1865
Government
 • Municipal managerEsko Tavia
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,086.29 km2 (805.52 sq mi)
 • Land1,445.65 km2 (558.17 sq mi)
 • Water639.89 km2 (247.06 sq mi)
Area rank45th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total2,953
 • Rank222nd largest in Finland
 • Density2.04/km2 (5.3/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish99.5% (official)
 • Swedish0.1%
 • Others0.4%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1413.5%
 • 15 to 6451.7%
 • 65 or older34.8%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]22%
Websitewww.simo.fi

Simo is a municipality located in the province of Lapland, Finland, about 50 kilometres (30 mi) from the Swedish border.

The municipality has a population of 2,953 (31 March 2021)[2] and covers an area of 2,086.29 square kilometres (805.52 sq mi) of which 639.89 km2 (247.06 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 2.04 inhabitants per square kilometre (5.3/sq mi). In 2001, Simo's debt per capita was 946.39 Euros.

Simo's three largest neighbouring towns are Oulu (207,717 inhabitants), Kemi (20,331 inhabitants) and Tornio (21,466 inhabitants). Some of the bigger neighbouring municipalities are Keminmaa (7,993 inhabitants) and Ii (9,881 inhabitants).[2]

History

Early history

The oldest residential areas of Simo are the Simonkylä and Maksniemi regions.[6] The oldest records of human habitation within Simo is found in the village of Simonkylä, which was occupied during the 1300s. In the 1500s the population of Simo began to grow as a result of migration, the population increased especially in the villages of Simonkylä and Simoniemi. Simo was known for its large farms and fishermen.

Development over the course of time

In the 1800s the population gradually began to expand along the beaches of the Simojoki river. In the year of 1865, a large municipal reform occurred in which the municipality, named Simo, received its actual borders, even though the area had long been referred to as Simo and the residents as simolaiset.

Lapland War

During the Lapland War, the village of Maksniemi suffered serious damage. Bridges along the Simojoki river were blown up by the German forces, which is why for quite some time after the war Simojoki had to be crossed by ferry. The destruction of the connection that the bridges provided was important as it cut off the municipality of Simo from Finnish Highway Four.

Landscape

Simo is situated by the Bothnian Bay, at the mouth of river Simojoki. In Simo there is a rural landscape and also in the planning of the centre an attempt has been made to emphasise the nature vicinity. Simo consists of many small and vital village communities. Simo's sights include Simo's Church which was completed in 1846 during the late Empire time and light infantryman place with its statues which will be a memory from the war of independence when the route goes through Simo's wildernesses.

Islands within Simo

Islands within Simo are inclusive of Haahka, Halttari, Harvakari, Härkäletto, Junkiletto, Koivuluoto, Korkiakari, Kuralanletto, Laitakari, Lammasletto, Leipäre, Leipäreenkrunni, Lissabon, Louekari, Montaja, Munakari, Möyly, Oravainen, Paavonletto, Palokarinletto, Paskaletto, Pensasletot, Peurankallio, Pihlajakari, Pikku-Leipäre, Pirttisaari, Rajaletto, Saapaskari, Selkäkari, Selkäkarinmatala, Tiuranen, Tiurasenkalla, Tiurasenkrunni, Tynttyrit, Vatunki, Ykskivi and Ööperit.

School systems

Simo has three elementary schools, one secondary school and a high school. The nearest university is in Oulu.

Industry

In Simo there is no industry. In 2007–2011, Fennovoima considered to build a 1,500 to 2,500 megawatt nuclear power plant[7] in Karsikko and Laitakari.[8] However, Fennovoima announced in October 2011 that the power plant would be built at Pyhäjoki.[9]

Villages

The villages of Simo are inclusive of Alaniemi, Asemakylä, Hamari, Karisuvanto, Koivuoja, Maksniemi, Malininperä, Matala, Ojalanperä, Onkalonperä, Patokoski, Pömiö, Simoniemi, Simonkylä, Siperianperä, Soikko, Taininiemi, Viantie and Ylikärppä.

Notable individuals

  • Aarne Orjatsalo, actor
  • Esko Tavia, Mayor of Simo from 2002 - 2015
  • Juha Marttila, MTK chairman
  • Martti Miettunen, Minister of State, three times Prime Minister
  • Matti Lackman, Ph.D, principal investigator and philosopher
  • Seppo Lohi, Doctor of Theology
  • Tuomas Lohi, Mayor of Kempele
  • Veikko Huovinen, writer (born in Simo)

References

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "RKY  ι  Museovirasto". www.rky.fi. Retrieved 2016-05-03.
  7. ^ Reuters report, 11 March 2008
  8. ^ Fennovoima press release, 11 March 2008[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "New nuclear reactor to be built at Pyhäjoki". YLE News. Helsinki: Yleisradio Oy. 5 October 2011. Archived from the original on 25 October 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2011.

External links

Media related to Simo at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 24 February 2021, at 22:05
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