To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Simeon ben Menasya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tomb of Shim’on ben Menasya, Galilee, Israel
Tomb of Shim’on ben Menasya, Galilee, Israel

Shim’on ben Menasya (Hebrew: שמעון בן מנסיא‎) was a Jewish rabbi who lived in the late 2nd-early 3rd centuries (fourth and fifth generations of Tannaim).


He was a contemporary of R. Judah ha-Nasi, with whom he engaged in a halakhic dispute.[1] He was somewhat older than Judah, yet he immensely respected Judah and spoke in Judah's praise.[2]

He and Jose ben Meshullam formed a group called "Kahal Kadosh" (the Holy Community) or "Edah Kedosha", because its members devoted one-third of the day to the study of the Torah, one-third to prayer, and the remaining third to work.[3] The group is recorded as being located in Jerusalem, surprising given that Hadrian banned Torah study and practice in Jerusalem after the Bar Kochba revolt. Modern scholarly opinions differ on whether the ban was eventually rescinded, not enforced, or if this community carried on their activities secretly and in great danger.[4]



He is mentioned once in the Mishnah,[5] though some consider this a later addition. Some halakhic teachings by him have been preserved elsewhere.[6] Following Proverbs 17:14, Simeon says that a judge may call upon the parties to accept a compromise; but once the judge has heard the statements of both parties, or made up his mind as to the nature of his decision, he must decide according to the letter of the law.[7]


Referring to Psalms 44:23, he says, "It is not possible for one to be killed every day; but God reckons the life of the pious as though they died a martyr's death daily".[8]

He says that "Song of Songs was inspired by the Holy Ghost, while Ecclesiastes expresses merely the wisdom of Solomon".[9]

His interpretation of Exodus 31:14 - "The words '[it is holy] unto you' imply that the Sabbath is given to you, and that you are not given to the Sabbath" - is noteworthy for paralleling a saying of Jesus.[10]


  1. ^ Beitzah 26a
  2. ^ Yerushalmi Sanhedrin 11:3
  3. ^ Yerushalmi Ma'aser Sheni 2:4 53d; Ecclesiastes Rabbah 9:9; Beitzah 27a
  4. ^ See Hebrew version of this page for sources
  5. ^ Hagigah 1:7
  6. ^ Tosefta Kelim Bava Batra 4:10; Zevachim 94a, 97
  7. ^ Sanhedrin 6b
  8. ^ Sifre Deuteronomy 32 [ed. Friedmann, p. 73a]
  9. ^ Tosefta Yadayim 2:14
  10. ^ Mekhilta Ki Tissa [ed. Weiss, p. 109b]; compare Mark 2:27, where Jesus says, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath"

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBacher, Wilhelm; Lauterbach, Jacob Zallel (1901–1906). "Simeon b. Menasya". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Retrieved 10 May 2011.


  • Heilprin, Seder ha-Dorot, ii. 271-272;
  • Frankel, Hodegetica in Mischnam, p. 202;
  • Brüll, Einleitung in die Mischna, i. 239-240;
  • Bacher, Ag. Tan. ii. 489–494.

This page was last edited on 8 March 2020, at 20:31
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.