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Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Order of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria
Großstern-Ehrenzeichen-Rep-AUT-combined.jpg
Grand Cross, Special Class set of the Order
TypeState decoration
Awarded forMeritorious service
to the Austrian nation
EligibilityCivilians and military personnel
Established2 April 1952
Precedence
Next (higher)None (highest)
Next (lower)Varies by grade[1]
RelatedOrder for Science and the Arts

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria (German: Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um die Republik Österreich) is a national honour awarded by the Republic of Austria.

The decoration is awarded in 15 grades and is Austria's highest national honour.

History

The "Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria" was established by the National Council in 1952.[2] It is conferred by the Republic of Austria to honour people (from Austria and abroad) who have rendered meritorious services to the country. Recipients are selected by the government. The awards are made by the President in accordance with the respective laws.[2] The State President of Austria automatically receives the "Grand Star of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria" by being elected to the office and holds this honour for life. The decoration should not be confused with other decorations in the Austrian honours system such as the "Austrian Decoration for Science and Art".

Classes

The Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria is divided into the 15 classes as follows:

  1. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 1st Class BAR.png
    Grand Star (Gross-Stern)[3]
  2. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 2nd Class BAR.png
    Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Sash (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen am Bande)[3]
  3. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 3rd Class BAR.png
    Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Sash (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen am Bande)[3]
  4. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 4th Class BAR.png
    Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Star (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern)[3]
  5. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 5th Class BAR.png
    Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver with Star (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen mit Stern)[3]
  6. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 6th Class BAR.png
    Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold (Grosses Goldenes Ehrenzeichen)[3]
  7. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 7th Class BAR.png
    Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver (Grosses Silbernes Ehrenzeichen)[3]
  8. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 8th Class BAR.png
    Grand Decoration of Honour (Grosses Ehrenzeichen)[3]
  9. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 9th Class BAR.png
    Decoration of Honour in Gold (Goldenes Ehrenzeichen)[4]
  10. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 10th Class BAR.png
    Decoration of Honour in Silver (Silbernes Ehrenzeichen)[4]
  11. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 11th Class BAR.png
    Decoration of Merit in Gold (Goldenes Verdienstzeichen)[4]
  12. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 12th Class BAR.png
    Decoration of Merit in Silver (Silbernes Verdienstzeichen)[4]
  13. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Gold Medal BAR.png
    AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Life Saving Medal BAR.png
    Gold Medal (Goldene Medaille)[4]
  14. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Silver Medal BAR.png
    Silver Medal (Silberne Medaille)[4]
  15. AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - Bronze Medal BAR.png
    Bronze Medal (Bronzene Medaille), no longer awarded[4]

The "Gold Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria" may also be conferred as "Gold Medal with Red Riband" awarded for bravery and lifesaving.[4]

Notable recipients

See also List of honours of Austria awarded to heads of state and royalty

Below is a list of all Grand Star recipients and other notable recipients, in chronological order with year of award in parentheses:.

Grand Star recipients

Royal Houses

Politicians

Other select recipients

Notes

  1. ^ "Bundespraesident.at: Decorations of Honour". Bundespraesident.at. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-16. Retrieved 2010-02-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Decoration (English); Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine Ehrenzeichen (German). Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Hofburg: Ehrenzeichen (German). Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Badurina, Berislav; Saračević, Sead; Grobenski, Valent; Eterović, Ivo; Tudor, Mladen (1980). Bilo je časno živjeti s Titom. Vjesnik. p. 102.
  6. ^ Volkov, Solomon. (2004). Testimony, p. 280.
  7. ^ Felder, Deborah G. (2005). Fifty Jewish Women Who Changed the World, p. 129.
  8. ^ a b "Eingelangt am 23.04.2012 : Dieser Text wurde elektronisch übermittelt. Abweichungen vom Original sind möglich. Bundeskanzler Anfragebeantwortung" (PDF). Parlament.gv.at. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  9. ^ Toyota: Toyoda bio Archived 2009-06-04 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "Austrian Decorations". Austrianinformation.org.
  11. ^ "Obituary: Jeanette Schmid". The Daily Telegraph. 17 March 2005.
  12. ^ "Stuart E. Eizenstat". Cov.com. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  13. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (PDF) (in German). p. 1879. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-22. Retrieved 2019-05-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ University, Lancaster. "News & Events - Linguistics and English Language - Lancaster University". Lancaster.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Miep Gies :: Grand Decoration of Honour for Services". Miepgies.nl. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
  17. ^ "Dr. Dobida offiziell in die IIHF Hall of Fame aufgenommen". Hockey web (in German). 2007-05-09. Retrieved 2019-02-26.
  18. ^ "Dr. Hans Dobida in die IIHF Hall of Fame aufgenommen". Hockeyfans.at (in German). 2006-11-11. Retrieved 2019-02-26.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 03:55
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