To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Shotton Surface Mine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Shotton Surface Mine
Shotton mine panorama.jpg
Shotton Surface Mine is located in Northumberland
Shotton Surface Mine
Shotton Surface Mine
Locationbetween Cramlington and Stannington, Northumberland
Coordinates55°05′22″N 1°38′27″W / 55.089505°N 1.640963°W / 55.089505; -1.640963
ProductsCoal, shale, fireclay
Closed2017 (planned)
CompanyBanks Group

Shotton Surface Mine is an open cast coal mine located on the estate of Blagdon Hall, Northumberland, UK, operated by Banks Group. The mine was granted permission by the government in 2007, despite being refused permission by Blyth Valley Council, with an initial agreement to mine 3.4 million tonnes of coal, 2 million tonnes of shale and 750,000 tonnes of fireclay.[1] This was subsequently extended by two years in 2011 to allow an additional 2 million tonnes of coal to be mined, set to end in 2016.[2] An additional expansion approved in 2014 saw two new pits being opened on the site, Shotton Triangle (290,000 tonnes of coal) and Shotton South West (250,000 tonnes of coal), with the end date pushed back a year to October 2017;[3][4] the land was expected to be restored by 2019.[3] The mine eventually ceased production in summer 2020.[5]

In total, over 8% of British coal output comes from the Shotton site.[4] The mine produced over one million tonnes of coal in 2014 and employs around 150 people.[6] These jobs are temporary,[4] although when the mine closes some former employees may be transferred to Banks' new site at Highthorn, near Druridge Bay.[7]

The land on which the mine was developed is owned by science writer and Conservative hereditary peer Matthew White Ridley, 5th Viscount Ridley, who is a prominent climate change sceptic.[4] As a result, the site has been protested by the "Keep it in the Ground" fossil fuel divestment campaign, who picketed the site and halted operations for the day on 26 October 2015.[4] Royalties from the site go to the Government, but the Blagdon Estate receives a way leave payment estimated at between three and four million pounds.[4]

Northumberlandia under construction, showing the spoil beneath the surface
Northumberlandia under construction, showing the spoil beneath the surface

Over 1.5 million tonnes of waste material from the site was used to build the Northumberlandia sculpture on an adjoining site.[8] Northumberlandia, which takes the form of a naked reclining female figure, was constructed as planning gain by the Banks Group to allow development of the Shotton site, and was opened as a public park in 2012.[9]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    3 430
    14 642
  • Northumberlandia (Largest Human Landform Sculpture)
  • Northumberlandia - The Lady Of The North 2012
  • Sutton Manor Colliery St Helens



  1. ^ "Banks Group pushes to expand extraction contract". The Journal. 12 August 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Plans to recover additional coal from Shotton get the go-ahead". Minerals UK. January 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b "County approves surface-mine plans". Mineral Planning. 4 November 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Hannah Ellis-Petersen (26 October 2015). "Anti-coal protesters arrested after storming climate change sceptic's land". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  5. ^ One of England's last coalmines to close near Durham, The Guardian
  6. ^ Tom Keighley (10 November 2014). "Banks Mining lift one million tonnes of coal from Shotton surface mine". The Journal. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  7. ^ "Opencast mine plan unveiled". Northumberland Gazette. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  8. ^ "Work begins on 'Goddess of the North' in Northumberland". BBC News website. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Northumberlandia: The naked lady of Cramlington". BBC News. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2016.

External links

This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 11:42
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.