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Shigematsu Sakaibara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Shigematsu Sakaibara
Wake Island Surrender.jpg
Admiral Shigematsu Sakaibara (seated second from left) signing the surrender of Wake Island aboard USS Levy on September 4, 1945
Born(1898-12-28)December 28, 1898
Yamagata Prefecture, Japan
DiedJune 19, 1947(1947-06-19) (aged 52)[1]
Guam, United States
AllegianceEmpire of Japan
Service/branch Imperial Japanese Navy
Years of service1918-1945
RankRear Admiral
Commands held65th Base Garrison (Wake Island)
Battles/warsWorld War II
Battle of Wake Island
The formal surrender of the Japanese garrison on Wake island - 4 September 1945. Sakaibara is the Japanese officer in the right foreground.
The formal surrender of the Japanese garrison on Wake island - 4 September 1945. Sakaibara is the Japanese officer in the right foreground.

Shigematsu Sakaibara (酒井原 繁松, Sakaibara Shigematsu, December 28, 1898 – June 19, 1947) was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navy, the Japanese garrison commander on Wake Island during World War II and a convicted war criminal.

Biography

A native of Yamagata prefecture in northern Japan, Sakaibara was a graduate of the 46th class of the Imperial Japanese Navy Academy in 1918, placing 36th in a class of 124. He served his midshipman tour on the cruiser Tokiwa, and after his commission as an ensign, was assigned to Hirado. He later served on the destroyer <i>Kaba</i> and battleship Mutsu.

As a sub-lieutenant, he served on the Iwate and after his promotion to lieutenant on December 1, 1924, he was assigned to the Hiei, Yura, and Sendai. He was chief gunnery officer on the Tatsuta. Promoted to lieutenant commander in 1930, he served as chief gunnery officer on Takao in 1934, followed by Mutsu in 1935. He was executive officer on Chikuma in 1939. After his promotion to captain in 1940, he served in a number of staff positions.

After the Battle of Wake Island on December 23, 1941, Sakaibara was appointed the garrison commander of the Japanese occupation force. Fearing an imminent attempt by American forces to retake the island, Sakaibara put the captured American prisoners of war to work building a series of bunkers and fortifications in preparation for a suspected amphibious invasion.

On October 5, 1943, aircraft from USS Yorktown bombed Wake Island. Two days later, fearing an imminent invasion, Sakaibara ordered the execution of the 98 civilian prisoners remaining on Wake Island. They were taken to the northern end of the island, blindfolded and machine-gunned. One prisoner (whose name has never been discovered) escaped, but was recaptured and personally beheaded by Sakaibara.

However, despite the massive assembly, the attack never came. Instead the United States Navy established a submarine blockade, causing the Japanese garrison to starve. United States forces bombed the island periodically from 1942 until Japan's surrender in 1945.

Sakaibara was promoted to rear admiral a year later, on October 15, 1944. The Japanese garrison on Wake Island formally surrendered to the United States on September 4, 1945.

After the war, Sakaibara was taken into custody by the American occupation authorities, extradited to Guam, and sentenced to death by a military tribunal for war crimes in connection with his actions on Wake Island. He was hanged on June 18, 1947. Until the end, he maintained, "I think my trial was entirely unfair and the proceeding unfair, and the sentence too harsh, but I obey with pleasure."[2]

References

Notes

  1. ^ Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy.
  2. ^ Hubbs, Mark E. "Massacre on Wake Island". Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2006-06-03.

Books

External links

This page was last edited on 28 September 2019, at 22:44
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