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Shekalim (Tractate)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Shekalim
Schekel, Jerusalem, 66-67 AD - Bode-Museum - DSC02588 cropped.jpg
Ancient shekel coin c.66-67 CE, of the type used during the First Jewish Revolt against Rome.
Tractate of the Talmud
Seder:Moed
Number of Mishnahs:52
Chapters:8
Jerusalem Talmud pages:33
Tosefta chapters:3
Yoma →


Shekalim is the fourth tractate in the order of Moed in the Mishnah. Its main subject is half-shekel tax that ancient Jews paid every year to make possible the maintenance and proper functioning of the Temple in Jerusalem. There is no Gemara about the treatise in the Babylonian Talmud, but there is one in the Jerusalem Talmud, and the latter is often printed in the editions of the Babylonian Talmud.[1][2]

Chapters

There are eight chapters in this tractate, as follows:[3]

  1. בְּאֶחָד בַּאֲדָר (Be'echad Ba'adar) --- This chapter is concerned with dates of the payment of the tax and who would pay it. The tax was collected throughout the month of Adar. Women, slaves, and minors were not required to pay the tax but could do so if they wished; pagans and Samaritans were not allowed to pay at all[4].
  2. מְצָרְפִין שְׁקָלִים (Metzrfin Shekalim)
  3. בִּשְׁלשָׁה פְּרָקִים (Bishlosha Perakim)
  4. הַתְּרוּמָה (Haterumah)
  5. אֵלּוּ הֵן הַמְמֻנִּין (Elu Hen Hamemunin)
  6. שְלשָׁה עָשָר שוֹפָרוֹת (Shloshah Asar Shofarot)
  7. מָעוֹת שֶׁנִּמְצְאוּ (Ma'ot Shenimtze'u)
  8. כָּל הָרֻקִּין (Kol Harokin)

References

  1. ^ "Introduction to Tractate Shekalim - Conservative Yeshiva in Jerusalem". Learn.conservativeyeshiva.org. Retrieved 2018-06-15.
  2. ^ "Shekalim". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  3. ^ "Shekalim". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org.
  4. ^  Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "SHEḲALIM". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

External links

This page was last edited on 11 August 2020, at 22:49
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