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Second Romanian campaign of World War I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Second Romanian Campaign of World War I
Part of the Romanian Campaign of World War I
Date10–11 November 1918
Location
Bukovina and parts of South-Eastern Romania
Result Romanian victory
Territorial
changes
Belligerents
Romania Romania  German Empire
 Austria-Hungary
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown casualties
77 vessels captured

The Second Romanian Campaign of World War I was one of the shortest military operations of the war, taking place during the last two days of the war, 10 and 11 November 1918. It yielded important territorial as well as material gains for the Romanians, and was a prelude to the Hungarian–Romanian War, which would start two days later, on 13 November.

Background

The First Romanian Campaign ended in victory for the Central Powers, forcing Romania to sign the Treaty of Bucharest and drop out of the war in May 1918. This treaty was deeply resented by the Romanians, who re-declared war on the Central Powers on 10 November 1918.[1]

Course of the campaign

Northern front

On the northern front, Romanian troops occupied Austrian Bukovina, entering the capital Czernowitz on 11 November.[2]

Southern front

In the morning of 11 November, three hours before the Allied Armistice with Germany was signed, the Romanian monitor Mihail Kogălniceanu, together with the 30-ton river torpedo boat Trotușul, occupied the port of Brăila, after the Germans retreated from the city. The two Romanian warships captured 77 assorted German vessels abandoned in the city's port (barges, tankers, tugs, floating cranes, and motorboats).[3]

References

  1. ^ Spencer C. Tucker, The Great War, 1914–1918, Routledge, 2002, p. 121
  2. ^ Paul R. Magocsi, A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples, University of Toronto Press, 2010, p. 553
  3. ^ Raymond Stănescu, Cristian Crăciunoiu, Marina română în primul război mondial, Modelism Publishing, 2000, p. 251 (in Romanian)
This page was last edited on 3 June 2021, at 04:48
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