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Official seal of Texas
Seal of Texas.svg
Reverse of the Seal of Texas.svg
ArmigerState of Texas
MottoRemember the Alamo
Texas One and Indivisible
UseObverse: All Government purposes
Reverse: Texas Legislative Medal of Honor [1]
National Coat of Arms of Texas (1839-1845)
Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas.svg
State Arms of Texas.svg
Texas state coat of arms (illustrated, 1876).jpg
Texas state historical coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
ArmigerState of Texas
Adopted1845 (1839)[1]

The Seal of the State of Texas was adopted through the 1845 Texas Constitution, and was based on the seal of the Republic of Texas, which dates from January 25, 1839.[2]

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it's been almost 37 years to the day that I graduated from UT I remember a lot of things about that day I remember I had a throbbing headache from a party the night before I remember I had a serious girlfriend who I later married that's important to remember by the way and I remember I was getting commissioned in the Navy that day but of all the things I remember I don't have a clue who the commencement speaker was and I certainly don't remember anything they said so acknowledging that fact if I can't make this commencement speech memorable I won't least try to make it short so the university slogan is what starts here changes the world well I've got to admit I kind of like it what starts here changes the world tonight there are almost 8,000 students or there more than 8,000 students graduated from UT so that great paragon of analytical rigor says that the average American will meet 10,000 people in their lifetime 10,000 people that's a lot of folks but if every one of you changed the lives of just ten people and each one of those people change the lives of another 10 people and another 10 then in five generations 125 years the class of 2014 will have changed the lives of 800 million people 800 million people think about it over twice the population of the United States go one more generation and you can change the entire population of the world eight billion people if you think it's hard to change the lives of ten people change their lives forever you're wrong I saw it happen every day in Iraq and Afghanistan a young army officer makes a decision to go left instead of right down a road in Baghdad and the ten soldiers with him are saved from a close-in ambush in kandahar province Afghanistan a noncommissioned officer from the Female Engagement Team senses that something isn't right and directs the infantry platoon away from a 500-pound I Edie saving the lives of a dozen soldiers but if you think about it not only were those soldiers say by the decisions of one person but their children were saved and their children's children generations were saved by one decision one person but changing the world can happen anywhere and anyone can do it so what starts here can indeed change the world but the question is what will the world look like after you change it well I'm confident that it will look much much better but if you'll humor this old sailor for just a moment I have a few suggestions that may help you on your way to a better world and while these lessons were learned during my time in the military I can assure you that it matters not whether you ever served a day in uniform it matters not your gender your ethnic or religious background your orientation or your social status our struggles in this world are similar and the lessons to overcome those struggles and to move forward changing ourselves and changing the world around us will apply equally to all I've been a Navy SEAL for 36 years but it all began when I left UT for basic SEAL training in Coronado California basic SEAL training is six months a long torturous runs in the soft sand midnight swims in the cold water off San Diego obstacle courses unending calisthenics days without sleep and always being cold wet and miserable it is six months of being constantly harassed by professionally trained warriors who seek to find the weak of mind and body and eliminate them from ever becoming a Navy SEAL but the training also seeks to find those students who can lead in an environment of constant stress chaos failure and hardships to me basic SEAL training was a lifetime of challenges crammed into six months so here the 10 lessons I learned from basic SEAL training that hopefully will be of value to you as you move forward in life every morning in SEAL training my instructors who at the time were all Vietnam veterans which show up in my barracks room and the first thing they do is inspect my bed if you did it right the corners would be square the covers would be pulled tight the pillows centered just under the headboard and the extra blanket folded neatly at the foot of the rack it was a simple task mundane at best but every morning we were required to make our bed to perfection it seemed a little ridiculous at the time particularly in light of the fact that we were aspiring to be real warriors tough battle-hardened seals but the wisdom of this simple act has been proven to me many times over if you made your bed every morning you will have accomplished the first task of the day it will give you a small sense of pride and it will encourage you to do another task and another and another and by the end of the day that one task completed will have turned into mini task completed making your bed will also reinforce the fact but the little things in life matter if you can't do the little things right you'll never be able to do the big things right and if by chance you have a miserable day you will come home to a bed that is made that you made and a made bed gives you encouragement that tomorrow will be better so if you want to change the world start off by making your bed during seal training the students during training the students are all broken down into boat crews each crew is seven students three on each side of a small rubber boat and one Coxon to help guide the dinghy every day your boat crew forms up on the beach and is instructed to get through the surf zone and paddle several miles down the coast in the winter the surf off San Diego can get to be eight to ten feet high and it is exceedingly difficult to paddle route through the plunging surf unless everyone digs in every paddle must be synchronized to the stroke count of the coxswain everyone must exert equal effort or the boat will turn against the wave and be unceremoniously dumped back on the beach for the boat to make it to its destination everyone must paddle you can't change the world alone you will need some help and to truly get from your starting point to your destination takes friends colleagues the good will of strangers and a strong Coxon to guide you if you want to change the world find someone to help you paddle over a few weeks of difficult training my seal class which started with 150 men was down to just 42 there were now six boat crews of seven men each I was in the boat with the tall guys but the best boat crew we had was made up of little guys the Munchkin crew we called him no one was over five foot five the Munchkin boat crew had one American Indian one African American one Polish American one Greek American one Italian American and two tough kids from the Midwest they out paddled out ran and out swam all the other boat crews the big men and the other boat crews will always make good-natured fun of the tiny little flippers the munchkins put on their tiny little feet prior to every swim but somehow these little guys from every corner of the nation in the world always had the last laugh sewing faster than everyone and reaching the shore long before the rest of us SEAL training was a great equalizer nothing mattered but your will to succeed not your color not your ethnic background not your education not your social status if you want to change the world measure a person by the size of their heart not by the size of their flippers several times a week the instructors would line up the class and do a uniform inspection it was exceptionally thorough your hat had to be perfectly starched your uniform immaculately pressed your belt buckle shiny and void of any smudges but it seemed that no matter how much effort you put into starting your hat or freshen your uniform or polishing your belt buckle it just wasn't good enough the instructors would find something wrong for failing uniform inspection the student had to run fully clothed into the surf zone then wet from head to toe roll around on the beach until every part of your body was covered with sand the effect was known as sugar cookie you stayed in the uniform the rest of the day cold wet and Sandy there were many a student who just couldn't accept the fact that all their efforts were in vain that no matter how hard they tried to get the uniform right it went unappreciated those students didn't make it through training those students didn't understand the purpose of the drill you were never going to succeed you were never gonna have a perfect uniform the instructors weren't going to allow it sometimes no matter how well you prepare or how well you perform you still end up as a sugar cookie it's just the way life is sometimes if you want to change the world get over being a sugar cookie and keep moving forward every day during training you were challenged with multiple physical events long runs long swims obstacle courses hours of calisthenics something designed to test your mettle every event had standards times you had to meet if you failed to meet those times those standards your name was posted on a list and at the end of the day those on the list were invited to a circus a circus was two hours of additional calisthenics designed to wear you down to break your spirit to force you to quit no one wanted a circus a circus myth that for that day you didn't measure up a circus meant more fatigue and more fatigue meant that the following day would be more difficult and more circuses were likely but at some time during seal training everyone everyone made the circus list but an interesting and interesting thing happened to those who were constantly on the list over time those students who did two hours of extra calisthenics got stronger and stronger the pain of the circuses built inner strength and physical resiliency life is filled with circuses you will fail you will likely fail often it will be painful it will be discouraging at times it will test you to your very core but if you don't if you want to change the world don't be afraid of the circuses at least twice a week the trainees were required to run the obstacle course the obstacle course contain 25 obstacles including the 10-foot wall a 30-foot cargo net a barbed wire crawl to name a few but the most challenging obstacle was the slide for life it had a three level 30-foot tower at one end and a one level Tower at the other in between was a 200-foot long rope you had to climb the three tiered Tower and once at the top you grabbed the rope swung underneath the rope and pulled yourself hand over hand until you got to the other end the record for the obstacle course had stood for years when my class began in 1977 the record seemed unbeatable until one day a student decided to go down the slide for life headfirst instead of swinging his body underneath the rope and inching his way down he bravely mounted the top of the rope and thrust himself forward it was a dangerous move seemingly foolish and fraught with risk failure could be an injury and being dropped from the course without hesitation the students slid down the Rope perilously fast instead of several minutes it only took him half that time and by the end of the course he had broken the record if you want to change the world sometimes you have to slide down the obstacles headfirst during the land warfare phase of training the students are flown out to San Clemente Island which lies off the coast of San Diego the waters off San Clemente are a breeding ground for the great white sharks to pass SEAL training they're a series of long swims it must be completed one is the night swim before the swim the instructors joyfully brief the students on all the species of sharks that inhabit the waters off San Clemente they assure you however that no student has ever been eaten by a shark at least not that they can remember but you were also taught that if a shark begins to circle your position stand your ground do not swim away do not act afraid and if the shark hungry for a midnight snack darts towards you then summons up all your strength and punch him in the snout and you will turn and swim away there are a lot of sharks in the world if you hope to complete the swim you will have to deal with them so if you want to change the world don't back down from the Sharks as Navy SEAL is one of our jobs is to conduct underwater attacks against enemy shipping we practice this technique extensively during training the ship attack mission is where a pair of sealed divers is dropped off outside an enemy harbor and then swims well over two miles underwater using nothing but a depth gauge and a compass to get to the target during the entire swim even well below the surface there is some light that comes through it is comforting to know that there is open water above you but as you approach the ship which is tied to appear the light begins to fade the steel structure of the ship blocks the moonlight it blocks the surrounding street lamps it blocks all ambient light to be successful in your mission you have to swim under the ship and find the keel the centerline and the deepest part of the ship this is your objective but the keel is also the darkest part of the ship where you cannot see your hand in front of your face where the noise from the ship's machinery is deafening and where it gets to be easily disoriented and you can fail every SEAL knows that under the keel at that darkest moment of the mission is a time when you need to be calm when you must be called when you must be composed when all your tactical skills your physical power and your inner strength must be brought to bear if you want to change the world you must be your very best in the darkest moments the ninth week of training is referred to as hell week it is six days of no sleep constant physical and mental harassment and one special day at the mud flats the mud flats are an area between San Diego and Tijuana where the water runs off and creates the Tijuana sloughs a swampy patch of terrain where the mud will engulf you it is on Wednesday of hell week that you paddle down in the mud flats and spend the next 15 hours trying to survive this freezing cold the howling wind and the incessant pressure to quit from the instructors as the Sun began to set that Wednesday evening my training class having committed some egregious infraction of the rules was ordered into the mud the mud consumed each man till there was nothing visible but our heads the instructors told us we could leave the mud if only five men would quit only five men just five men and we could get out of the oppressive cold looking around the mud flat it was apparent that some students were about to give up it was still over eight hours till the Sun came up eight more hours of bone-chilling cold a chattering teeth and the shivering moans of the trainees were so loud it was hard to hear anything and then one voice began to echo through the night one voice raised in song the song was terribly out of tune but sung with great enthusiasm one voice became two and two became three and before long everyone in the class was singing the instructors threatened us with more time in the mud if we kept up the singing but the singing persisted and somehow the mud seemed a little warmer and the wind a little tamer and the dawn not so far away if I have learned anything in my time traveling the world it is the power of hope the power of one person the Washington a Lincoln King Mandela and even a young girl from Pakistan Malala one person can change the world by giving people hope so if you want to change the world start singing when you're up to your neck and mud finally a seal training there's a bell a brass bell that hangs in the center of the compound for all the students to see all you have to do quit all you have to do to quit is ring the bell ring the bell and you no longer have to wake up at five o'clock ring the bell and you no longer have to be in the freezing cold swims ring the bell and you no longer have to do the runs the obstacle course the PT and you no longer have to endure the hardships of training all you have to do is ring the bell to get out if you want to change the world don't ever ever ring the bell to the class of 2014 you are moments away from graduating moments away from beginning your journey through life moments away from starting to change the world for the better it will not be easy but you are the class of 2014 the class that can affect the lives of 800 million people in the next century start each day with a task completed find someone to help you through life respect everyone know that life is not fair and that you will fail often but if you take some risks step up on the time through the toughest faced down the bullies lift up the downtrodden and never ever give up if you do these things the next generation and the generations that follow will live in a world far better than the one we have today and what started here will indeed have changed the world for the better thank you very much fucking horns



The official artwork, drawn by Juan Vega of Round Rock, Texas, was adopted in 1992 by Secretary of State John Hannah, Jr.[3] The seal has specified wording on both the obverse and reverse sides.

Seal obverse

The Texas Constitution states, "There shall be a seal of the State, which shall be kept by the Governor and used by him officially. The seal shall have a star of five points, encircled by olive and live oak branches, and the words 'the State of Texas.'"[4]

Seal reverse

The reverse of the seal was adopted in 1961 has a more detailed design, which is similar to other coat of arms found in Latin America; The original 1961 act of legislature which established it was unusual in that the act didn't actually define the reverse seal and was simply a picture of the design; It wasn't until 1991 that the seal was actually defined in writing by law as follows:

[T]he design for the reverse side of the Great Seal of Texas shall consist of a shield, the lower half of which is divided into two parts; on the shield's lower left is a depiction of the cannon of the Battle of Gonzales; on the shield's lower right is a depiction of Vince's Bridge; on the upper half of the shield is a depiction of the Alamo; the shield is circled by live oak and olive branches, and the unfurled flags of the Kingdom of France, the Kingdom of Spain, the United Mexican States, the Republic of Texas, the Confederate States of America, and the United States of America; above the shield is emblazoned the motto, "REMEMBER THE ALAMO", and beneath the shield are the words, "TEXAS ONE AND INDIVISIBLE"; over the entire shield, centered between the flags, is a white five-pointed star.[1]

The Original seal pictured in the 1961 act had rebel flag representing the C.S.A.; Since the law was amended in 1991 replacing the picture with a written description the Confederate States of America is now represented by the first national standard also known as the Stars and Bars,[5] The Original seal


The seal of Texas has changed 5 times since independence from Mexico in 1836. The original Great Seal of the Republic was created on December 10, 1836, by the Congress, with a bill providing that "for the future the national seal of this republic shall consist of a single star, with the letters 'Republic of Texas', circular on said seal, which seal shall also be circular". After initial hopes for the quick annexation of Texas into the United States grew dim, the Third Congress modified the seal and created a national arms in 1839. The bill stated, "The national arms of the Republic of Texas be, and the same is hereby declared to be a white star of five points, on an azure ground, encircled by an olive and live oak branches", as well as that "The national great seal of this Republic shall, from and after the passage of this act, bear the arms of this nation ..., and the letters 'Republic of Texas'". When Texas joined the Union in 1845, the new state constitution retained the seal, changing only the word "Republic" to "State", and removed the background from the arms. It was not until 1992 that the seal and arms were standardized to reflect the specific language in the constitution and removing the various superfluous symbols and errors that were found on a majority of seals at the time. Despite this as of 2017 a majority of state offices use seals based on older unstandardized seals with Post Oak leaves instead of the specified Live Oak leaves.

The 1956 Martinez Art

On November 19, 1946, the Pentagon's National Guard Bureau advised all states that the United States Air Force wanted state national guard aircraft to have identifying insignia on the fuselage. The Texas Adjutant General's Department decided to use the state seal as the identifying insignia. The department's chief engineer, Colonel Maybin H. Wilson, researched the design of the seal with the assistance of Werner W. Dornberger, an architectural engineering professor at The University of Texas; Bertha Brandt, assistant archivist of the state library; and Dorman Winfrey, archivist of The University of Texas. In 1956, Octavio A. Martinez, an architectural engineering student at The University of Texas, prepared an eighteen and three-fourth inch watercolor of the seal. This design was faithful to the constitutional description and omitted erroneous details that had crept into the seal over the years, such as the addition of stars and diamonds in the bottom of the seal's outer ring and the use of post oak leaves instead of live oak leaves. Unfortunately, the original Martinez watercolor has been lost.[6]

Government seals of Texas

There are also numerous seals of the different departments of Texas government, including seals for the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor. They are all based upon the state seal of Texas.

County symbols

General state law does not require counties to adopt a seal. However, laws do provide seals for the County Commissioners' Court, County Clerk, and other county offices. Until 1975, the Commissioners' Court seal consisted of a star with five points and the words, "Commissioners Court, ---- County, Texas". A Commissioners' Court may now select its own seal design, with the approval of the Texas Secretary of State.

Counties commonly have a seal or symbol to identify the county unofficially. Many have adopted symbols with the lone star and live oak/olive branches in the center. Some counties have maintained "The State of Texas" at the top, while adding the county name below, while others have replaced "The State of Texas" with the county name, with some adding the year of county establishment at the bottom.

Notable exceptions include Harris County (which uses a symbol with the flag of Texas in the center) and Collin County (which uses a Texas Flag in a stylized C).

See also


  1. ^ a b "The Texas State Seal". The Secretary of State. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
  2. ^ "Flag and Seal Design by Peter Krag, approved January 25, 1839". Texas State Library & Archives Commission. 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
  3. ^ "The State Seal of Texas". Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  4. ^ Texas Constitution, Article 4, Section 19.
  5. ^
  6. ^

External links

This page was last edited on 22 December 2018, at 08:19
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