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Sarah Franklin Bache

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sarah Franklin Bache
Sarah Franklin Bache1793.jpg
Sarah Franklin Bache
by John Hoppner, 1793[1]
Born
Sarah Franklin

(1743-09-11)September 11, 1743
DiedOctober 5, 1808(1808-10-05) (aged 65)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
ResidencePhiladelphia
NationalityAmerican
Spouse(s)
Richard Bache (m. 1767)
Children8, including Benjamin, Louis, and Richard
Parent(s)Benjamin Franklin
Deborah Read

Sarah "Sally" Franklin Bache (September 11, 1743 – October 5, 1808) was the daughter of Benjamin Franklin and Deborah Read. She was a leader in relief work during the American Revolutionary War and frequently served as her father's political hostess, as her mother had done before her death in 1774.

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Transcription

Contents

Early life and education

Born Sarah Franklin and known as "Sally" throughout her life, she was the only surviving child of her parents, Deborah Read and Benjamin Franklin. Their son Francis Franklin died of smallpox at age four. Also in their household was her older half-brother William Franklin, her father's illegitimate son whom her parents raised from infancy. She was carefully educated by her father about political life.

Marriage and family

Sarah married Richard Bache on October 29, 1767, although her family was worried about his financial position. The couple had eight children together:[2]

Revolutionary War years

Sarah Bache was an ardent Patriot during the American Revolutionary War. She did extensive relief work. After her father's return in 1775 from a diplomatic mission to France, she frequently acted as his political hostess, as her mother had died in 1774.

She raised money for the Continental Army and is known for her involvement in the Ladies Association of Philadelphia. In 1780, under her leadership, the group made 2,200 shirts for the soldiers in the Continental Army at the army's winter quarters at Valley Forge. The women often met to work together at The Cliffs, a country estate owned by Samuel R. Fisher on the Schuylkill River, two miles north of Philadelphia.

Personal life

Bache loved music and reading, and was considered a skilled harpsichordist. When her father died in 1790, he left most of his estate to her. Among the items bequeathed to her was a small portrait of Louis XVI surrounded by diamonds, which she sold to finance a trip to London. In 1794, she and her family moved to a farm outside Philadelphia, to the north along the Delaware River.

Sarah Franklin Bache died in 1808 and is buried in Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia.

References

  1. ^ "Mrs. Richard Bache (Sarah Franklin, 1743–1808)". Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  2. ^ The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, by Benjamin Franklin, Appendix 1
  3. ^ "Women of the American Revolution: Sarah Bache", American Revolution website
  4. ^ Carl Edward Skeen, "Citizen Soldiers in the War of 1812," Ch. 8, Federal-State Relations, Vol. 1998, p. 141,
  5. ^ Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States, Volume 7, p. 16

Further reading

  • "Bache and Wistar Family Correspondence 1777-1895", Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University Library
  • Benjamin Franklin, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
  • Article in The Evening Bulletin, November 22, 1971, on the plans to convert The Cliffs to an historic farm.
  • Article in The Evening Bulletin, January 27, 1975, on the plans to restore 16 historic houses, including The Cliffs.
  • Article in The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 23, 1986, on the burning of The Cliffs.

External links

This page was last edited on 13 March 2019, at 11:48
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