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Sancha of León

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sancha of León (c. 1018[2] – 8 November 1067[3]) was a princess and queen of León. She was married to Ferdinand I, the Count of Castile who later became King of León after having killed Sancha's brother in battle. She and her husband commissioned the Crucifix of Ferdinand and Sancha.

Life

Sancha was a daughter of Alfonso V of León by his first wife, Elvira Menéndez.[2] She became a secular abbess of the Monastery of San Pelayo.[3]

In 1029, a political marriage was arranged between her and count García Sánchez of Castile.[4] However, having traveled to León for the marriage, García was assassinated by a group of disgruntled vassals. In 1032, Sancha was married to García's nephew and successor, Ferdinand I of León and Castile, when the latter was 11 years old.[3]

At the Battle of Tamarón in 1037 Ferdinand killed Sancha's brother[5] Bermudo III of León,[6] making Sancha the heir and allowing Ferdinand to have himself crowned King of León. Sancha's own position as queen of León is unclear and contradictory. She succeeded to the throne of León as the heir of her brother and in her "own right"[7] but despite this, she is not clearly referred to as queen regnant, and after the death of her husband the throne passed to her son, despite the fact that she was still alive.[8]

Following Ferdinand's death in 1065 and the division of her husband's kingdom, she is said to have played the futile role of peacemaker among her sons.[citation needed]

She was a devout Catholic, who, with her husband, commissioned the crucifix that bears their name[9] as a gift for the Basilica of San Isidoro.[10]

Children

Sancha had five children:

Death and burial

She died in the city of León on 8 November 1067.[3] She was interred in the Royal Pantheon of the Basilica of San Isidoro,[13] along with her parents, brother, husband, and her children Elvira, Urraca and García.[14]

The Royal Pantheon
The Royal Pantheon

The following Latin inscription was carved in the tomb in which were deposited the remains of Queen Sancha:[15]

"H. R. SANCIA REGINA TOTIUS HISPANIAE, MAGNI REGIS FERDINANDI UXOR. FILIA REGIS ADEFONSI, QUI POPULAVIT LEGIONEM POS DESTRUCTIONEM ALMANZOR. OBIIT ERA MCVIIII. III N. M."

Which translates to:

"Here lies Sancha, Queen of All Spain, wife of the great king Ferdinand and daughter of king Alfonso, who populated León after the destruction of Almanzor. Died in the one thousand one hundred eighth era on the third nones of May [5 May 1071]."

References

  1. ^ Martínez Díez, Gonzalo. Sancho III el Mayor: Rey de Pamplona, Rex Ibericus. Madrid: Marcial Pons Historia, 2007.
  2. ^ a b Sánchez Candeira 1999, p. 48.
  3. ^ a b c d Viñayo González, Antonio. "Sancha Alfónsez". Diccionario biográfico España (in Spanish). Real Academia de la Historia.
  4. ^ Bernard F. Reilly, 26.
  5. ^ Justo Pérez de Urbel and Ricardo Del Arco y Garay, Historia de España, vol. 6, España cristiana, comienzo de la reconquista (711-I038), 2d ed.
  6. ^ Reilly, Bernard F. 1982. The Kingdom of León-Castilla under Queen Urraca, 1109–1126, 3. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  7. ^ Janse, Sharon L. : The Monstrous Regiment of Women
  8. ^ Janse, Sharon L. : The Monstrous Regiment of Women
  9. ^ Gómez-Moreno, María Elena (1947). Mil Joyas del Arte Español. Barcelona: Instituto Gallach.
  10. ^ Sureda, Joan (1988). Historia Universal del Arte: Románico/Gótico. Barcelona: Editorial Planeta
  11. ^ Sánchez Candeira 1999, p. 226.
  12. ^ a b c d Sánchez Candeira 1999, p. 227.
  13. ^ Martiala Sacristán, Teresa; Suárez Bilbao, Fernando (December 20, 2010). "Infantas y reinas en la corte de Alfonso VI". Alfonso VI: Imperator totius orbis Hispanie (in Spanish). Suarez, Fernando and Gambra, Andrés, coord. Editorial Sanz Y Torres S.l. p. 132. ISBN 9788492948451.
  14. ^ Utrero Agudo, Maria Ángeles; Murillo Fragero, J. I. (December 30, 2014). "San Isidoro de León. Construcción y reconstrucción de una basílica románica" [San Isidoro de León. Construction and reconstruction of a Romanesque basilica]. Arqueología de la Arquitectura (in Spanish). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Universidad del País Vasco (11): 14. doi:10.3989/arq.arqt.2014.011.
  15. ^ Álvarez da Silva, Noemi (2013). "La inscripción como imagen de poder en la Edad Media. El caso de Fernando I de León y su esposa doña Sancha" (PDF) (in Spanish). University of León. p. 12 – via Academia.edu.

Bibliography

  • Blanco Lozano, Pilar. Colección diplomática de Fernando I (1037–1065). León: Centro de Estudios e Investigación «San Isidoro» (CSIC-CECEL) y Archivo Histórico Diocesano, 1987. ISBN 84-00-06653-7.
  • Sánchez Candeira, Alfonso (1999) [1950]. Rosa Montero Tejada (ed.). Castilla y León en el siglo XI, estudio del reinado de Fernando I (in Spanish). Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia. ISBN 978-84-8951241-2.
Preceded by
Jimena of Castile
Queen consort of León
1037–1065
Succeeded by
Agnes of Aquitaine
This page was last edited on 2 June 2021, at 11:29
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