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Sanada Nobuyuki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sanada Nobuyuki
Sanada Nobuyuki2.jpg
Sanada Nobuyuki
Lord of Matsushiro
In office
1616–1656
Preceded bySakai Tadakatsu
Succeeded bySanada Nobumasa
Lord of Numata
In office
1600–1656
Succeeded bySanada Nobuyoshi
Lord of Ueda
In office
1600–1622
Succeeded bySengoku Tadamasa
Personal details
Born1566
DiedNovember 12, 1658(1658-11-12) (aged 91–92)
NationalityJapanese
Spouse(s)Seiin-in (Sanada Nobutsuna's daughter and Nobuyuki's cousin. Was his first legal wife before Komatsu/Ina however later degraded)
Komatsuhime (second main wife)
ChildrenManhime (b.1592) (Komatsu's daughter)
Sanada Nobuyoshi (1593-1634) of Numata Domain (either Seiin-in's or Komatsu's son)
Sanada Nobumasa (1597-1658) of Matsushiro Domain (Komatsu's son)
Sanada Nobushige (1599-1648) (Komatsu's son)
Dōkyō Etan (1642-1721)
MotherKansho-in
FatherSanada Masayuki
RelativesSanada Nobushige (brother)
Honda Tadakatsu (father-in-law)
Tokugawa Ieyasu (father-in-law)
Military service
Allegiance
Tokugawa family crest.svg
Tokugawa clan
Unit
Japanese Crest rokumonsen.svg
Sanada clan
Battles/warsSiege of Ueda

Sanada Nobuyuki (真田 信之, 1566 – November 12, 1658) was a Japanese samurai of the Sengoku period. He was the son of daimyō Sanada Masayuki and the older brother of Sanada Yukimura.

Early life

He was the first son of Sanada Masayuki and his wife, Kansho-in. His younger brother was Sanada Yukimura. He was married to Komatsuhime (Inahime), Honda Tadakatsu's daughter and adopted daughter of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Two other wives of Nobuyuki were his first wife and cousin Seiin-in, who lost her status to Komatsuhime and Ukyo (a daughter of Tamagawa Hidemasa).

At an early age, Nobuyuki's father served under the daimyō Takeda Shingen and sent Nobuyuki as a hostage to prove the Sanada clan's loyalty to the Takeda clan. After the Takeda clan was destroyed by joint Oda and Tokugawa army, Nobuyuki fled to Ueda Castle, the stronghold of the Sanada Clan and where his family were. In AD 1585, Tokugawa Ieyasu attacked Ueda Castle; Nobuyuki fought alongside his father and was victorious. Later, as Masayuki served under Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Nobuyuki was sent to Tokugawa to be a retainer in order to preserve the clan if anything wrong happened to the Toyotomi clan.

Battle of Sekigahara

Edo period screen depicting the Battle of Sekigahara.

During the Battle of Sekigahara, he fought on the side of Tokugawa Ieyasu, against whom Masayuki and his brother, Yukimura were fighting. After the Western Army was defeated by Ieyasu, Nobuyuki used this position to save his father's and brother's lives. After the battle Masayuki's territory was seized and he and Yukimura were exiled to Kudoyama in Mt. Koya in the Kii Province. Ueda was given to Nobuyuki.

Siege of Osaka

In 1614 the relationship between the Tokugawa and Toyotomi started heating up again. Ieyasu ordered 10,000 army to surround the Osaka Castle. Yukimura escaped from Kudo and serve Toyotomi to take the fight against the Tokugawa. Accepting the truth, Nobuyuki couldn't spare Yukimura again and his brother was killed in battle.

After the battle

The Tokugawa generally have a high regard of Nobuyuki. In 1622, he became the first lord of the Matsushiro clan and lived to 92 years of age.

Honours

See also

External links


Preceded by
Sanada Masayuki
2nd Daimyō of Ueda
(Sanada)

1600–1622
Succeeded by
Sengoku Tadamasa
Preceded by
none
First Daimyō of Numata
(Sanada)

1600–1616
Succeeded by
Sanada Nobuyoshi
Preceded by
Sakai Tadakatsu
First Daimyō of Matsushiro
(Sanada)

1616–1656
Succeeded by
Sanada Nobumasa


This page was last edited on 22 January 2019, at 05:37
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