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Samuel Willard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Samuel Willard
SamuelWillard.jpg
Samuel Willard (1640-1707)
Born(1640-01-31)January 31, 1640
DiedSeptember 12, 1707(1707-09-12) (aged 67)
Resting placeGranary Burying Ground
OccupationMinister
Spouse(s)
Abigail Sherman
(m. 1664)

Eunice Tyng (m. 1679)
Signature
Appletons' Willard Simon - Samuel signature.png

Reverend Samuel Willard (January 31, 1640 – September 12, 1707) was a colonial clergyman. He was born in Concord, Massachusetts, graduated Harvard in 1659, and was minister at Groton from 1663–1676, whence he was driven by the Indians during King Philip's War. Willard was pastor of the Third Church, Boston from 1678 until his death. He opposed the Salem witch trials, and served as acting president of Harvard from 1701. He published many sermons; the folio volume A Compleat Body of Divinity was published posthumously in 1726.

Early life

Willard's parents were Major Simon Willard and Mary Sharpe, who had emigrated from England to New England in 1634, settling first in Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 1635, with Rev. Peter Bulkley, they established the town of Concord, where Samuel was born the sixth child and second son. After the death of his mother, his father remarried twice, and Samuel was one of seventeen children born to the family.[1] At the age of fifteen, Willard entered Harvard College in 1655, graduating in 1659, and was the only member of his class to receive an M.A.[2]

Ministry in Groton

In 1663, Willard began preaching in Groton, then at the very frontier of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The town's first minister John Miller had become ill and, when he died, the congregation asked Willard to stay, and he was officially ordained by them in 1664.[3]

On August 8, 1664, Willard married Abigail Sherman of Watertown. In 1670, he became a freeman, with full privileges of citizenship. In 1671, 16-year-old Elizabeth Knapp fell ill and appeared to be possessed. Willard wrote about the strange behavior. Groton was destroyed on March 10, 1676 during King Philip's War, and the 300 residents abandoned the town. Willard and his family removed to Charlestown, Massachusetts.[citation needed]

Ministry in Boston

Willard preached at Boston's Third Church during the illness of Rev. Thomas Thacher and gave an election-day sermon on June 5. The Third Church called Willard to be its Teacher, an associate pastor, on April 10, 1678. When Thacher died on October 15, Willard became their only pastor. Members of the congregation included a variety of influential members of the colony: John Hull(18 December 1624 – 1 October 1683), Samuel Sewall, Edward Rawson, Thomas Brattle, Joshua Scottow, Hezekiah Usher, and Capt. John Alden (the son of John and Priscilla Alden of Plymouth). His wife Abigail died sometime in the first half of 1679; in July of that year he married Eunice Tyng, a possible sister-in-law of Joseph Dudley.[4]

While in Boston, he wed Josiah Franklin and Abiah Folger, the parents of American polymath and Founding Father, Benjamin Franklin.

Church of England

Sir Edmund Andros asked each of the Puritan churches in Boston if its meetinghouse could be used for services of the Church of England. When he was rebuffed, he demanded and was given keys to Samuel Willard's Third Church in 1687 in a clear power play. Services were held there under the auspices of Rev. Robert Ratcliff until 1688, when King's Chapel was built.[5] These actions highlighted him as pro-Anglican in the eyes of local Puritans,[6] who would later accuse him of involvement in a "horrid Popish plot."[7]

Leading Harvard

Willard was the acting president of Harvard College, although having the nominal title of vice-president, from 1701 until his death in 1707.[8]

Works

First page of Some Miscellany Observations On our present Debates respecting Witchcrafts, in a Dialogue Between S. & B., attributed to Samuel Willard.
First page of Some Miscellany Observations On our present Debates respecting Witchcrafts, in a Dialogue Between S. & B., attributed to Samuel Willard.

Notes

  1. ^ Van Dyken, pp. 13–14.
  2. ^ Sibley, p. 13.
  3. ^ Van Dyken, pp. 26–27.
  4. ^ Quincy, Josiah. The History of Harvard University. John Owen (1840), Vol. I, p. 148.
  5. ^ Lustig, p. 165
  6. ^ Ferguson, p. 141
  7. ^ Price, Benjamin Lewis (1999). Nursing fathers : American colonists' conception of English Protestant kingship; 1688–1776. Lanham [u.a.]: Lexington Books. p. 69. ISBN 0-7391-0051-3.
  8. ^ Quincy, pp. 145–156.

References

Further reading

External links

Academic offices
Preceded by
Increase Mather
President of Harvard College
acting

1701–1707
Succeeded by
John Leverett
This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 08:29
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