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Samuel S. Barney

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Samuel S. Barney
Samuel S. Barney.jpg
Judge of the Court of Claims
In office
December 20, 1905 – April 15, 1919
Appointed byTheodore Roosevelt
Preceded byStanton J. Peelle
Succeeded bySamuel Jordan Graham
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1903
Preceded byGeorge H. Brickner
Succeeded byWilliam H. Stafford
Personal details
Born
Samuel Stebbins Barney

(1846-01-31)January 31, 1846
Hartford, Wisconsin
DiedDecember 31, 1919(1919-12-31) (aged 73)
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Resting placeUnion Cemetery
West Bend, Wisconsin
Political partyRepublican
EducationLombard College
read law

Samuel Stebbins Barney (January 31, 1846 – December 31, 1919) was a United States Representative from Wisconsin and a Judge of the Court of Claims.

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Transcription

This syringe contains a radioactive form of glucose known as FDG. The doctor will soon inject its contents into her patient’s arm, whom she’s testing for cancer using a PET scanner. The FDG will quickly circulate through his body. If he has a tumor, cancer cells within it will take up a significant portion of the FDG, which will act as a beacon for the scanner. PET tracers such as FDG are among the most remarkable tools in medical diagnostics, and their life begins in a particle accelerator, just hours earlier. The particle accelerator in question is called a cyclotron, and it’s often housed in a bunker within hospitals. It uses electromagnetic fields to propel charged particles like protons faster and faster along a spiraling path. When the protons reach their maximum speed, they shoot out onto a target that contains a few milliliters of a type of water with a heavy form of oxygen called oxygen-18. When a proton slams into one of these heavier oxygen atoms, it kicks out another subatomic particle called a neutron. This impact turns oxygen-18 into fluorine-18, a radioactive isotope that can be detected on a PET scan. In a little under two hours, about half the fluorine will be gone due to radioactive decay, so the clock is ticking to get the scan done. So how can fluorine-18 be used to detect diseases? Radiochemists at the hospital can use a series of chemical reactions to attach the radioactive fluorine to different molecules, creating radiotracers. The identity of the tracer depends on what doctors want to observe. FDG is a common one because the rate at which cells consume glucose can signal the presence of cancer; the location of an infection; or the slowing brain function of dementia. The FDG is now ready for the patient’s scan. When a radiolabeled tracer enters the body, it travels through the circulatory system and gets taken up by its target— whether that's a protein in the brain, cancer cells, or otherwise. Within a few minutes, a significant amount of the tracer has found its way to the target area and the rest has cleared from circulation. Now the doctors can see their target using a PET, or positron emission tomography, scanner. The radiation that the tracer emits is what makes this possible. The isotopes used in PET decay by positron emission. Positrons are essentially electrons with positive charge. When emitted, a positron collides with an electron from another molecule in its surroundings. This causes a tiny nuclear reaction in which the mass of the two particles is converted into two high-energy photons, similar to X-rays, that shoot out in opposite directions. These photons will then impact an array of paired radiation detectors in the scanner walls. The software in the scanner uses those detectors to estimate where inside the body the collision occurred and create a 3D map of the tracer’s distribution. PET scans can detect the spread of cancer before it can be spotted with other types of imaging. They’re also revolutionizing the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease by allowing doctors to see amyloid, the telltale protein buildup that otherwise couldn’t be confirmed without an autopsy. Meanwhile, researchers are actively working to develop new tracers and expand the possibilities of what PET scans can be used for. But with all this talk of radiation and nuclear reactions inside the body, are these scans safe? Even though no amount of ionizing radiation is completely safe, the amount of radiation the body receives during a PET scan is actually quite low. One scan is comparable to what you’re exposed to over two or three years from natural radioactive sources, like radon gas; or the amount a pilot would rack up from cosmic radiation after 20 to 30 transatlantic flights. Most patients feel that those risks are acceptable for the chance to diagnose and treat their illnesses.

Contents

Education and career

Born on January 31, 1846, in Hartford, Washington County, Wisconsin,[1] Barney attended the public schools, Lombard College in Galesburg, Illinois, then read law with Leander F. Frisby in West Bend, Wisconsin in 1873.[1] He was a high school teacher in Hartford from 1869 to 1872.[1] He was editor of the Washington County Republican from 1872 to 1873.[1] He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in West Bend from 1873 to 1906.[1] He was the Superintendent of Schools for Washington County from 1876 to 1880.[1] He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in Chicago, Illinois in 1884.[2]

Congressional service

Barney was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1884 to the 49th United States Congress.[2] He was elected as a Republican from Wisconsin's 5th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 54th United States Congress and to the three succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1895, to March 3, 1903.[2] He was not a candidate for renomination in 1902.[2]

Federal judicial service

Barney was nominated by President Theodore Roosevelt on December 19, 1905, to a seat on the Court of Claims (later the United States Court of Claims) vacated by Judge Stanton J. Peelle.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 20, 1905, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on April 15, 1919, due to his retirement.[1]

Death

Barney died on December 31, 1919, in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.[3] He was interred in Union Cemetery in West Bend.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Barney, Samuel Stebbins - Federal Judicial Center". www.fjc.gov.
  2. ^ a b c d e United States Congress. "Samuel S. Barney (id: B000163)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ "Samuel S. Barney Dead". Fort Scott Daily Tribune and Fort Scott Daily Monitor. December 21, 1919. p. 5. Retrieved August 7, 2015 – via Newspapers.com. open access

Sources

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George H. Brickner
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wisconsin's 5th congressional district

1895–1903
Succeeded by
William H. Stafford
Legal offices
Preceded by
Stanton J. Peelle
Judge of the Court of Claims
1905–1919
Succeeded by
Samuel Jordan Graham
This page was last edited on 21 May 2019, at 07:51
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