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Samuel J. Barrows

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Samuel June Barrows
Samuel June Barrows 147910419.png
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 10th district
In office
March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899
Preceded byHarrison H. Atwood
Succeeded byHenry F. Naphen
Personal details
Born(1845-05-26)May 26, 1845
New York, New York, U.S.
DiedApril 21, 1909(1909-04-21) (aged 63)
New York, New York, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Katherine Isabel Hayes Chapin
ChildrenMabel Hay Barrows, (m. Henry Raymond Mussey).
Alma materHarvard Divinity School, B.D. 1874

Samuel June Barrows (May 26, 1845 – April 21, 1909) was an American Republican politician who served on term as a U.S. Representative from Boston, Massachusetts.

Early life and education

Barrows was born in New York City to a strict Baptist family. After his father's death, Barrows was sent to school until he became ill around the age of 7 or 8. Barrows' doctor recommended that he leave school.[1] Barrows' mother, Jane Weekes Barrow, sent him to work for a printing press owned by Richard Hoe, a cousin of Barrows' late father. He learned to be a messenger and telegrapher, as well as shorthand.

He tried to enlist in the United States Navy during the American Civil War but was rejected because of poor health.[2] Barrows was then admitted to a hydropathic sanitarium for treatment and became the personal secretary of the presiding doctor.

Finding a calling to be a minister, he attended the Harvard Divinity School in 1871. While at Harvard, he was the Boston correspondent of the New York Tribune.

Career

After graduating, he served for four years as minister of the First Parish on Meeting House Hill in Dorchester, Massachusetts and then became editor of the Unitarian publication, The Christian Register for the next sixteen.[3]

Barrows went with the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873, under the command of General Stanley, and with the Black Hills Expedition in 1874, commanded by General Custer. In 1873, he took part in the Battle of the Tongue River.

United States Congress

Samuel J. Barrows
Samuel J. Barrows

Barrows was elected as a Republican to the 55th United States Congress (March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899).

Barrows was an advocate for women's suffrage, African American rights, assimilation of Native Americans and prison reform. On the international stage, Barrows was an activist for ending hunger. One of his first actions in Congress was to send ships carrying grain to India to feed the starving. In his later years, he would serve as executive secretary of the Russian Famine Relief Commission.[4]

Barrows also promoted legislation that would remove Native Americans from reservations, believing that cultural assimilation would lead to equality. As a pacifist, he bitterly opposed the Spanish–American War.[5]

He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1898 to the Fifty-sixth Congress.

New York Prison Association

After a failed nomination for Librarian of Congress,[6] Barrows served as the Corresponding Secretary of the New York Prison Association from 1899 to 1909. In this role, Barrows successfully advocated for juvenile courts, parole, probation, indeterminate sentences, and improved prison conditions. Additionally, he argued forcefully against capital punishment and the fee system.[7]

Barrows was the American representative to the International Prison Congress of 1895, 1900, and 1905, and president-elect of the 1910 congress before his death.

Personal life

He met his future wife, Isabel Barrows, during his stay at the sanitarium. She was a medical student there.

During his stay at the sanitarium, Samuel picked up the nickname "June," derived from his sunny personality. He used "June" as his middle name for the rest of his life.

Outside his vast professional attentions, Barrows had a wide array range of interests and talents included musical composition and singing oratorios, studying the Greeks (he wrote The Isles and Shires of Greece), metal crafting, writing poetry, camping (he and his wife Isabella wrote one of the first books on the subject, The Shaybacks in Camp: Ten Summers under Canvas), travel, and foreign languages of which he spoke three, read two, and was in the process of learning another at the time of his death.[8][9]

Death

Barrows died on April 21, 1909, of pneumonia in New York City's Presbyterian Hospital. His remains were cremated and the ashes placed in a private burying ground near Georgeville, Quebec, Canada.

References

  • United States Congress. "Samuel J. Barrows (id: B000186)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Barrows, Isabel Chapin. A Sunny Life: The Biography of Samuel June Barrows, 1913, Boston: Little, Brown and Company
  • Kellogg, Paul U., "Samuel June Barrows: A Circuit Rider in the Humanities," Sixty-Fourth Annual Report of the Prison Association of New York (September 1909)
  • L.F.F., "Barrows, Samuel June," American Reformers, 1985 ed., 56.
  • Solberg, Thorvald: "A Chapter in the Unwritten History of the Library of Congress from January 17 to April 5, 1899: The Appointment of Herbert Putnam as Librarian," The Library Quarterly: Information, Community, Policy 9, no. 3 (July 1939)
  • Weiss, Robert P.: "Barrows, Samuel June," Biographical Dictionary of Social Welfare in America, 1986 ed., 69.

External links

Footnotes

  1. ^ Isabel Chapin Barrows, A Sunny Life: the Biography of Samuel June Barrows (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1913).
  2. ^ Leslie H. Fishel, "Barrows, Samuel June," American National Biography Online.(February 2000).
  3. ^ Leslie H. Fishel, "Barrows, Samuel June," American National Biography Online. (February 2000).
  4. ^ Paul U. Kellogg, "Samuel June Barrows: A Circuit Rider in the Humanities," Sixty-Fourth Annual Report of the Prison Association of New York (September 1909): 59 and 64.
  5. ^ Leslie H. Fishel, "Barrows, Samuel June," American National Biography. (February 2000).
  6. ^ Thorvald Solberg, "A Chapter in the Unwritten History of the Library of Congress from January 17 to April 5, 1899: The Appointment of Herbert Putnam as Librarian," The Library Quarterly: Information, Community, Policy 9, no. 3 (July 1939)
  7. ^ Leslie H. Fishel, "Barrows, Samuel June," American National Biography. (February 2000).
  8. ^ Leslie H. Fishel, "Barrows, Samuel June," American National Biography. (February 2000).
  9. ^ Paul U, Kellogg, "Samuel June Barrows: A Circuit Rider in the Humanities," Sixty-Fourth Annual Report of the Prison Association of New York (September 1909): 59 and 64.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Harrison H. Atwood
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 10th congressional district

March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899
Succeeded by
Henry F. Naphen
This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 21:08
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