To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Samara (fruit)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vine maple (Acer circinatum)
Vine maple (Acer circinatum)
Samara of Combretum zeyheri
Samara of Combretum zeyheri

A samara (/səˈmɑːrə/, UK also: /ˈsæmər-/)[1] is a winged achene, a type of fruit in which a flattened wing of fibrous, papery tissue develops from the ovary wall. A samara is a simple dry fruit, and is indehiscent (not opening along a seam). The shape of a samara enables the wind to carry the seed farther away from the tree than regular seeds would go,[2] and is thus a form of anemochory.

In some cases the seed is in the centre of the wing, as in the elms (genus Ulmus), the hoptree (Ptelea trifoliata), and the bushwillows (genus Combretum). In other cases the seed is on one side, with the wing extending to the other side, making the seed autorotate as it falls, as in the maples (genus Acer) and ash trees (genus Fraxinus).[3]

Some species that normally produce paired samaras, such as Acer pseudoplatanus, can also produce them in groups of three or four.[4]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    6 440
    2 185
    5 743
  • Fruit Type/फल के प्रकार-1 - Bank-AFO, SO, JRF, Pre-PG, AAO, ICAR
  • Type of Fruits-3 (Aggregate Fruit and Multiple Fruit) for AFO, SO, JRF, Pre-PG, Botany
  • Plant Select Shrubs & Trees w Jim Klett


In culture

A samara is sometimes called a key and is often referred to as a wingnut, helicopter, whirlybird, whirligig, polynose, or, in the north of England, a spinning jenny.[5] During the autumn months, they are a popular source of amusement for children who enjoy tossing them in the air and watching them spin to the ground.


  1. ^ "samara". Oxford English Dictionary online edition. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  2. ^ Fergus, Charles (2002-01-01). Trees of Pennsylvania and the Northeast. Stackpole Books. ISBN 9780811720922.
  3. ^ Alexander, David E.; Vogel, Steven (2004-10-13). Nature's Flyers: Birds, Insects, and the Biomechanics of Flight. JHU Press. ISBN 9780801880599.
  4. ^ Niklas, Karl J. (1992-08-01). Plant Biomechanics: An Engineering Approach to Plant Form and Function. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226586304.
  5. ^ "Seed dispersal by wind: Gone with the wind - Woodland Trust". Retrieved 2016-03-15.

Further reading

  • Spinning Flight : Dynamics of Frisbees, Boomerangs, Samaras and Skipping Stones, Ralph Lorenz, Copernicus New York, September 2006 ISBN 0-387-30779-6

This page was last edited on 14 November 2021, at 04:32
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.