To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Tiburtius, Valerian, and Maximus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Francesco Botticini: Saints Cecilia, Valerian, Tiburtius, and female donor
Francesco Botticini: Saints Cecilia, Valerian, Tiburtius, and female donor
Amico Aspertini: Burial of Saints Valerian and Tiburtius
Amico Aspertini: Burial of Saints Valerian and Tiburtius

Saints Tiburtius, Valerian, and Maximus are three Christian martyrs who were buried on 14 April of some unspecified year in the Catacombs of Praetextatus on the Via Appia near Rome.[1]

According to the legendary Acts of Saint Cecilia, a mid-fifth-century Acts of the Martyrs composition that has no historical value,[2][3] Valerian was the husband of Saint Cecilia, Tiburtius his brother, and Maximus as a soldier or official who was martyred with these two.[2] The story was retold by Chaucer.[4] Devotional publications make the story more credible by simplifying it.[5]

The three martyrs were traditionally honoured with a joint feast day on 14 April, as shown in the Tridentine Calendar. The 1969 revision of the General Roman Calendar removed this celebration, since the only thing really known about them is the historical fact of their burial in the Catacombs of Praetextatus. However, it allowed them to be honoured in local calendars.[1]

The 2001 decree of promulgation of the revised Roman Martyrology declared: "In accordance with the Constitution Sacrosanctum Concilium of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council on the Sacred Liturgy, 'the accounts of martyrdom or the lives of the saints are to accord with the facts of history' (art. 92 c), the names of saints included in the Martyrology and their notices have to be subjected more carefully than before to the judgement of historical study."[6]

Accordingly, the revised Roman Martyrology now merely states, under 14 April: "At Rome, in the cemetery of Praetextatus on the Appian Way, Saints Tiburtius, Valerian and Maximus, martyrs."[7]

The Eastern Orthodox Church honors them together with Saint Cecilia on the 22nd of November.[8]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/2
    1 913
  • ✪ Saint Cecilia
  • ✪ Father Christopher Calin Sermon on Jesus Christ ancestors, December 18, 2011



  1. ^ a b Calendarium Romanum (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), p. 120
  2. ^ a b Johann Peter Kirsch, "St. Cecilia" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1908)
  3. ^ Our Sunday Visitor's Encyclopedia of Saints
  4. ^ Karen Anne Winstead, Chaste Passions: Medieval English Virgin Martyr Legends (Cornell University Press 2000) ISBN 978-0-8014-8557-2, pp. 49–60
  5. ^ A. J. M. & J. K. Mousolfe, Saint Companions for Each Day (St Pauls BYB, 1986), p. 137
  6. ^ Decree Victoriam paschalem Christi of 29 June 2001, pp. 5–6 of Martyrologium Romanum 2004
  7. ^ Romae in coemeterio Praetextati via Appia, sanctorum Tiburtii, Valeriani et Maximi, martyrum: Martyrologium Romanum (Typis Vaticanis 2004 ISBN 978-88-209-7210-3), p. 235
  8. ^ The Holy Martyress Cecelia (Cesilia) and the Holy Martyrs Valerian, Tiburtius and Maximus
This page was last edited on 10 April 2020, at 01:35
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.