To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Saint John's Cathedral Boys' School

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint John's Cathedral Boys' School
Location
Canada
Coordinates50°19′57.4″N 96°50′18.1″W / 50.332611°N 96.838361°W / 50.332611; -96.838361
Information
TypeBoarding school
Religious affiliation(s)Anglican
EstablishedEarly 1960s
ClosedEarly 1990s
GenderBoys

Saint John's Cathedral School (SJCS) was a private Anglican boarding school for boys named for the Saint John's Cathedral in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, out of whose youth program it had emerged".[1] It was the first in a series of schools, operated from 1958 until 2008, by an Anglican lay religious order called the Company of the Cross.

History

The school was founded in the early 1960s by Ted Byfield and Frank Wiens, who became the school's director.

They started an Anglican lay order called the Company of the Cross, based on the writings of Christian apologists, such as Dorothy L. Sayers, C.S. Lewis, and G. K. Chesterton.[2] Originally, the Company of the Cross was under the authority of the resident bishop in Winnipeg, officially called the Diocese of Rupert's Land.

Ted Byfield, Frank Wiens, and over a dozen other men—many of them from the St. John's Cathedral choir, formed a cell or group, that shared similar beliefs. They founded a lay Anglican order, affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada, which they first called the Dynevor Society, after the Dynevor Indian Hospital in Selkirk, north of Winnipeg, a property they had acquired.[2][3] They believed that the education of boys in public schools was not training them to develop strong character and Christian values. They organized a boys choir at St. John's Cathedral, which first became a club, then a weekend residential school starting in 1957, and finally, in 1962, a full-time "traditionalist" Anglican private boarding schools for boys.[4][5] The Company of the Cross had acquired the abandoned Dynevor Indian Hospital where they held their weekend schools. The cell officially changed their name from Dynevor to the Company of the Cross under the Manitoba Societies Act. In 1962, Byfield and five other members of the Company[1] opened the first in a series of St. John's full-time boarding schools for boys "dedicated to the reassertion of Christian educational principles"—Saint John's Cathedral Boys' School.[2]

The school operated intentionally on "traditional" methods. They used mathematics textbooks from pre-World War II advancing from "arithmetic to calculus" with constant testing. Ginger Byfield taught French "developed from French-Canadian history." They watched hockey on the French channel. Byfield taught history which required that students read copiously from Thomas Costain to Francis Parkman.[1]

The Company of the Cross teachers and staff were paid $1.00 per day and provided room and board.[6] In 1973, parents paid $1700 dollars a year tuition.[6]

Arduous row-boat trips (called "cutters"), later replaced by canoes, and snowshoeing and dog-sledding were part of the outdoor education program. The school's founders believed that boys should be pushed to what they might believe is their breaking points, and this would "build character". The school was seen by many as a way to help troubled boys, usually from 11 to 14 years of age.[7] Its primary focus was challenging boys from every social stratum to work together in order to grow morally, physically, intellectually and spiritually in the tradition of Victorian "muscular Christianity".[citation needed] The 1974 National Film Board Film described the St. John's Cathedral Boy's School as the "most demanding outdoor school in North America."[6] Upon arrival at the school, the new boys, 13- to 15-years old, undertook a 2-week 330 mile canoe trip and in the spring there was a second longer canoe trip covering 900 miles with 55 portages.[6]

Ted Byfield wrote in 1996 that rules were enforced with a "flat stick across the seat of the pants" in the early years of the school.[1] In the article, Byfield defended this practice as acceptable at the time.

The students ran the physical plant of the school, doing all the janitorial work, cooking and serving food, cleaning kennels, making and selling processed meat products door-to-door for fundraising, and raising sled dogs.[8]

Two other schools, Saint John's School of Alberta and Saint John's School of Ontario were founded on the same ideas in later years.

The school closed in the early 1990s, struggling for funds and credibility after a canoeing disaster on Lake Timiskaming where 13 people died of hypothermia.[7]

Incidents

In the fall of 1973, the National Film Board of Canada filmed the two week canoe trip on the Red River and Lake Winnipeg, with the 13- to 15-years old boys who had just arrived at the school. It was part of CBC-TV's series, West [6]

A boy died in the 1970s while on one of the school's lengthy snowshoe hikes.[9]

In 2000, a former teacher, Kenneth Mealey, pleaded guilty to sexually assaulting five students in 1982 and 1983. A Canadian Broadcasting Corporation article on his sentencing said that "St. John's school administrators knew about the assault allegations but chose to fire Mealey instead of calling the authorities".[10]

Bibliography

  • Robert Young Pelton (19 June 2001). The Adventurist, My Life in Dangerous Places. Broadway. ISBN 978-0767905763.
  • James Raffan (18 April 2002). Deep Water. Phyllis Bruce Books. ISBN 978-0-00-200037-6.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Byfield, Ted (21 October 1996). "Do our new-found ideas on children maybe explain the fact we can't control them?". Alberta Report. Edmonton. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007.
  2. ^ a b c "Virginia Byfield". The Edmonton Journal. Obituary. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2020.
  3. ^ Slade, Daryl (8 February 2003). "School sued after 26 years". Calgary Herald.
  4. ^ Brean, Joseph (30 March 2013). "Ted Byfield completes a modern, right-wing, popular history of Christianity". National Post. Toronto. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  5. ^ Cosh, Colby (12 April 2013). "The greatest story Ted Byfield ever told". Maclean's. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e John N. Smith (writer/director) Marrin Canell (assistant director) (1974). New Boys. Archived from the original on 24 October 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  7. ^ a b Peake, Michael (Summer 2002). "Deep Waters: Courage, Character and the Lake Timiskaming Canoeing Tragedy" (Book review). Journal of Canadian Wilderness Canoeing. Che-Mun. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Abuse claims investigated at boys' school". Anglican Journal. Toronto. January 2000.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Slade, Daryl (8 February 2003). "School sued after 26 years". Calgary Herald. Archived from the original on 27 May 2006. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
  10. ^ "Guilty plea on sex assault charges". CBC News. Toronto. 12 October 2000. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2007.

External links

This page was last edited on 2 June 2021, at 02:50
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.