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Saint Francis River (Canada–United States)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint Francis River
Saint Francis River from Petit-Témis
EtymologySaint Francis Xavier
Native nameRivière Saint-François (French)
CountryCanada, United States
State (US)Maine (United States)
Providence (Canada)Quebec (Canada)
New Brunswick (Canada)
County (US)Northwest Aroostook (Maine)
St. Francis (Maine)
Region (Canada)Bas-Saint-Laurent (Quebec)
Rivière-Bleue (Quebec)
Saint-François Parish (New Brunswick)
Physical characteristics
SourceSaint-Hubert-de-Rivière-du-Loup, Quebec (Québec)
 • coordinates47°40′36″N 69°21′19″W / 47.67667°N 69.35528°W / 47.67667; -69.35528
 • elevation359 metres (1,178 ft)
MouthSt. Francis (Maine)
Saint-François Parish (New Brunswick); flowing in Saint John River
 • coordinates
47°10′49″N 68°54′14″W / 47.18028°N 68.90389°W / 47.18028; -68.90389
 • elevation
163 metres (535 ft)
Length102.4 kilometres (63.6 mi)
Basin features
LandmarksKelly Rapids
 • left(from the mouth) Canadian Tuladi Brook, Bogasse Brook, Petite coulée Creuse, Coulée Creuse Brook, Jim Brook, Pelletier brook, Botsford Brook, Bleue River, Providence Brook, Beaupré Brook (discharge of Volcan Lake), Des Saules Brook, discharge of Morrison Lake and Yards Lake, Turner Brook, Cascades Brook, Armstrong Brook, Castonguay Brook.
 • right(from the mouth) Falls Brook, Yankeetuladi Brook, Jones Brook, Dead Brook, Wildcat Brook, Rousseau Brook, Chouinard Brook, Bouchard Brook, Boucanée River, Cèdres Brook, Black Brook.
WaterbodiesBeau Lake, Glazier Lake

The St. Francis River (French: Rivière Saint-François) is a river roughly 75 miles (120 km) long, which forms part of the Canada–United States border. The river rises (47°44′07″N 69°17′15″W / 47.7352°N 69.2874°W / 47.7352; -69.2874 (Rivière Saint-François source)) in a lake of the same name located 12 miles (20 km) east of the Rivière du Loup in Quebec. The portion that forms the boundary starts at the bottom of Lake Pohenegamook at the very northernmost point of New England between Estcourt Station, Maine, and Estcourt, Quebec. The river along the international boundary flows south and then south-east through two deep, narrow lakes to its mouth on the Saint John River at St. Francis, Maine/Saint-François-de-Madawaska, New Brunswick.[1]

USS Bancroft (DD-256) became a Canadian ship as part of the Destroyers for Bases Agreement and was renamed after the St. Francis River to follow the Canadian tradition of naming destroyers after Canadian rivers while recognizing the shared national history of the ship.[2]

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Beau Lake

Beau Lake
Lac Beau (French)
Beau Lake is located in Maine
Beau Lake
Beau Lake
Beau Lake is located in Quebec
Beau Lake
Beau Lake
LocationTemiscouata Regional County Municipality (Quebec)
Aroostook County, Maine
Coordinates47°20′N 69°03′W / 47.333°N 69.050°W / 47.333; -69.050
River sourcesSaint Francis River
Basin countriesCanada
United States
Max. length5 mi (8.0 km)[3]
Max. width1 km (1,100 yd)[3]
Surface area1,795 acres (726 ha)[4]
Max. depth180 feet (55 m)[5]
Water volume138,678 acre⋅ft (171,057,000 m3)[4]
Surface elevation575 ft (175 m)[3]

Saint Francis River passes through Beau Lake on the border between Maine and Quebec. The river enters the north end of Beau Lake 15 miles (24 km) downstream of Lake Pohenegamook and leaves the south end of Beau Lake 13 miles (21 km) upstream of the Saint John River confluence.[3] Beau Lake is one of the deepest lakes in northern Maine. The lake is ideal habitat for lake trout, brook trout, and land-locked Atlantic salmon; but these species are in competition with a large population of yellow perch, and muskellunge are migrating into the lake from downstream.[5]

Glazier Lake

Glazier Lake
Lac Glazier (French)
Glazier Lake is located in Maine
Glazier Lake
Glazier Lake
Glazier Lake is located in New Brunswick
Glazier Lake
Glazier Lake
LocationMadawaska County (New Brunswick)
Aroostook County, Maine
Coordinates47°13′40″N 69°00′00″W / 47.22778°N 69.00000°W / 47.22778; -69.00000
TypeGlacial lake
River sourcesSaint Francis River
Basin countriesCanada
United States
Max. length5.5 mi (8.9 km)[3]
Surface area703 acres (284 ha)[4]
Max. depth118 feet (36 m)[6]
Water volume47,001 acre⋅ft (57,975,000 m3)[4]
Surface elevation559 ft (170 m)[3]

Saint Francis River passes through Glazier Lake on the border between Maine and New Brunswick. The river enters the north end of Glazier Lake 3 miles (4.8 km) downstream of Beau Lake and leaves the south end of Beau Lake 4 miles (6.4 km) upstream of the Saint John River confluence. Tributaries to the lake include Yankeetuladi Brook on the Maine side, and Canadian Tuladi Brook on the New Brunswick side.[3] Glazier Lake is deep and narrow similar to Beau Lake, and offers similarly suitable habitat for lake trout, brook trout, salmon, and muskellunge.[6]

See also


  1. ^ Bailey 1894 pp. 27–28
  2. ^ Milner 1985 p. 23
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h The Maine Atlas and Gazetteer (13th ed.). Freeport, Me.: DeLorme Mapping Co. 1987. ISBN 0899330355. Retrieved 4 April 2023.
  4. ^ a b c d e Maine Depts. of Environmental Protection and Inland Fisheries & Wildlife (2005-08-04). "Maine Lakes: Morphometry and Geographic Information". Senator George J. Mitchell Center for Environmental and Watershed Research, The University of Maine. Archived from the original on 2006-09-03. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  5. ^ a b c "Beau Lake" (PDF). Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. State of Maine. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b c "Glazier Lake" (PDF). Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. State of Maine. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
This page was last edited on 17 February 2024, at 10:56
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