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Saint-Gilles, Gard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint-Gilles
West portal of the abbey church
West portal of the abbey church
Coat of arms of Saint-Gilles

Coat of arms
Location of Saint-Gilles
Saint-Gilles is located in France
Saint-Gilles
Saint-Gilles
Saint-Gilles is located in Occitanie
Saint-Gilles
Saint-Gilles
Coordinates: 43°40′43″N 4°25′54″E / 43.6786°N 4.4317°E / 43.6786; 4.4317
CountryFrance
RegionOccitanie
DepartmentGard
ArrondissementNîmes
CantonSaint-Gilles
IntercommunalityCA Nîmes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2010–2014) Alain Gaido
Area
1
153.73 km2 (59.36 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
13,719
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
30258 /30800
Elevation0–116 m (0–381 ft)
(avg. 7 m or 23 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Saint-Gilles or Saint-Gilles-du-Gard is a commune in the Gard department in southern France.

It is the second most populous commune in the Nîmes metropolitan area.

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Transcription

Contents

History

The abbey of Saint-Gilles was founded during the seventh century traditionally by the hermit Saint Giles (Latin Ægidius), whose relics the abbey possessed. The commune formed around the nucleus of the abbey, which was the first stopping point for pilgrims bound for Santiago de Compostela in Spain, who were following the via Tolosana that led from Arles to Toulouse and crossed the Pyrenees to join other routes at Puente La Reina, thence to Santiago along the Via Compostelana. The former abbey church was listed in 1998 among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, as part of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France. The abbey church's west portal is among the most beautiful of the great Romanesque portals and a definitive example of the Provençal Romanesque. The church has three naves and a famed spiral staircase of cantilevered stone steps (in the now destroyed part of the church). During the French Wars of Religion the Protestants fortified themselves within the abbey, which was severely damaged.

The shrine of Saint Gilles, located in the crypt of the church, is the subject of pilgrimage in particular by women wishing to become pregnant or dealing with infertility.

Saint-Gilles was the birthplace of Guy Foulques, Pope Clement IV (died 1268), whose natal house is now a museum of the archaeology, ethnology and ornithology of the Camargue.

Saint-Gilles is more recently the birthplace of the author Georges-Jean Arnaud (born 1928).

Geography

Saint-Gilles is located at the northern edge of the Petite Camargue, between Arles (15 km) and Nîmes (16 km). With a land area of 153.73 km² (59.355 sq mi), it is rather large by continental French standards, although many of the communes in this part of France are among the largest in area in Metropolitan France.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17935,000—    
18005,047+0.9%
18065,212+3.3%
18215,600+7.4%
18315,561−0.7%
18365,797+4.2%
18415,635−2.8%
18465,832+3.5%
18515,985+2.6%
18566,132+2.5%
18616,365+3.8%
18666,804+6.9%
18726,211−8.7%
18766,302+1.5%
18815,268−16.4%
18865,503+4.5%
18915,947+8.1%
18966,110+2.7%
19016,381+4.4%
19066,300−1.3%
19116,258−0.7%
19215,924−5.3%
19265,613−5.2%
19315,833+3.9%
19365,325−8.7%
19465,335+0.2%
19545,789+8.5%
19626,721+16.1%
19688,742+30.1%
19758,679−0.7%
19829,887+13.9%
199011,304+14.3%
199911,626+2.8%
200813,507+16.2%
201213,646+1.0%

Transportation

The Nîmes-Alès-Camargue-Cévennes Airport, sometimes called Garons Airport, is located on the territory of the commune.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.

Further reading

  • Whitney S. Stoddard, 1973. The Façade of Saint-Gilles-du-Gard: Its Influence on French Sculpture (Wesleyan University Press,)

External links

This page was last edited on 19 September 2019, at 13:02
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