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Safavid dynasty family tree

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The oldest extant book on the genealogy of the Safavid family is Safvat as-safa and was written by Ibn Bazzaz in 1350, a disciple of Sheikh Sadr-al-Din Safavi, the son of Sheikh Safi ad-din Ardabili. According to Ibn Bazzaz, the Sheikh was a descendant of a Kurdish man named Firooz Shah Zarrin Kolah who was from Sanjar, southeast of Diyarbakir. The male lineage of the Safavid family given by the oldest manuscript of the Safvat as-Safa is: "Sheykh Safi al-Din Abul-Fatah Ishaaq the son of Al-Sheykh Amin al-din Jebrail the son of al-Saaleh Qutb al-Din Abu Bakr the son of Salaah al-Din Rashid the son of Muhammad al-Hafiz al-Kalaam Allah the son of ‘Avaad the son of Birooz al-Kurdi al-Sanjari." Later Safavid Kings themselves claimed to be Seyyeds,[1] family descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

The great-grandson of Sheyk Safi, Sheik Joneyd, got married with Khadijeh Khanoum sister of Uzun Hassan and daughter of Ali Beg by his wife Theodora of Trebizond, daughter of Alexios IV of Trebizond. Heydar, son of Joneyd, married Katherina who was a daughter of Uzun Hassan by his wife Theodora, daughter of a Bagrationi Georgian princess and John IV of Trebizond.

Firooz Shah Zarrin Kolah
Qotb al-Din Mohammad
Salah al-Din Rashid
Qotb al-Din Abu Bakr
Basil of TrebizondIrene of TrebizondZahediyya Sheikh Taj Al-Dīn Zahed GilanīAmin al-Din Jebrail
Alexios III of TrebizondTheodora KantakouzeneBibi FatimaSafaviyya Sheikh Safī Al-Dīn Abolfath Is'hāq Ardabilī
Constantine I of Georgia
Manuel III of Trebizond
Safaviyya Sheikh Sadr al-Dīn Mūsā
Alexander I of Georgia
Alexios IV of Trebizond
Qara Yuluk OsmanSafaviyya Sheikh Khoja Alā ad-Dīn Ali
Princess Bagrationi
John IV of Trebizond
Ali BeygSafaviyya Sheikh Ibrahim Shāh
TheodoraUzun Hassan
Khadijeh KhatoonSafaviyya Sheikh Junāyd
Alam-Shah Begum (Halima)Sheikh Haydar Safavi Sultan
Sultan Ali Safawi

Shah Ismail I
July 17 1487 – May 23 1524
R. 1502–1524
Ibrahim Safawi
Shah Tahmasp I
22 February 1514 – 14 May 1576
R. 1524–1576
Ismail II
R. 1576–1577
Mohammed Khodabanda
R. 1577–1587
Abbas I
January 27 1571 – January 19 1629
R. 1587–1629
Safi Mirza
born. 1587 killed 1615
Crown Prince 1587–1615
Imam Quli Mirza
Crown Prince 1627
Killed 1627
Shah Safi I
1611 – 12 May 1624
R. 1629–1642
Abbas II
31 december 1632 – 25 October 1666
R. 1642–1666
Suleiman I of Persia
(Shah Safi II)
1659 – July 29 1694
R. 1666–1694
Sultan Husayn
1669 – April 25 1726
R. 1694–1722
Ismail III
1733 – 1773
R. 1750–1751, 1751-1773
Suleiman II of Persia
R. 1749–1750
Tahmasp II
R. 1729–1732
Abbas III
R. 1732–1736

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  1. ^ In the Silsilat-ol-nasab-i Safawiya (composed during the reign of Shah Suleiman)(1667–1694), written by Shah Hussab ibn Abdal Zahidi, the ancestry of the Safavid is traced back to the first Shi'i Imam as follows: Shaykh Safi al-din Abul Fatah Eshaq ibn (son of) Shaykh Amin al-Din Jabrail ibn Qutb al-din ibn Salih ibn Muhammad al-Hafez ibn Awad ibn Firuz Shah Zarin Kulah ibn Majd ibn Sharafshah ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan ibn Seyyed Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Seyyed Ja'afar ibn Seyyed Muhammad ibn Seyyed Isma'il ibn Seyyed Muhammad ibn Seyyed Ahmad 'Arabi ibn Seyyed Qasim ibn Seyyed Abul Qasim Hamzah ibn Musa al-Kazim ibn Ja'far As-Sadiq ibn Muhammad al-Baqir ibn Imam Zayn ul-'Abedin ibn Hussein ibn Ali ibn Abi Taleb Alayha as-Salam. There are differences between this and the oldest manuscript of Safwat as-Safa. Seyyeds have been added from Piruz Shah Zarin Kulah up to the first Shi'i Imam and the nisba "Al-Kurdi" has been excised. The title/name "Abu Bakr" (also the name of the first Caliph and highly regarded by Sunnis) is deleted from Qutb ad-Din's name. ُSource: Husayn ibn Abdāl Zāhidī, 17th cent. Silsilat al-nasab-i Safavīyah, nasabnāmah-'i pādishāhān bā uzmat-i Safavī, ta'līf-i Shaykh Husayn pisar-i Shaykh Abdāl Pīrzādah Zāhidī dar 'ahd-i Shāh-i Sulaymnān-i Safavī. Berlīn, Chāpkhānah-'i Īrānshahr, 1924 (1303). 116 pages. Original Persian language source of the lineage: شیخ صفی الدین ابو الفتح اسحق ابن شیخ امین الدین جبرائیل بن قطب الدین ابن صالح ابن محمد الحافظ ابن عوض ابن فیروزشاه زرین کلاه ابن محمد ابن شرفشاه ابن محمد ابن حسن ابن سید محمد ابن ابراهیم ابن سید جعفر بن سید محمد ابن سید اسمعیل بن سید محمد بن سید احمد اعرابی بن سید قاسم بن سید ابو القاسم حمزه بن موسی الکاظم ابن جعفر الصادق ابن محمد الباقر ابن امام زین العابدین بن حسین ابن علی ابن ابی طالب علیه السلام


  • Amanat, Abbas (2017). Iran: A Modern History. Yale University Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0300231465.

See also

This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 10:38
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