To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sts052-80-030 lrg.jpg
Columbia's payload bay, with the LAGEOS II satellite (top) being deployed
Mission typeMicrogravity research
Satellite deployment
COSPAR ID1992-070A
SATCAT no.22194
Mission duration9 days, 20 hours, 56 minutes, 13 seconds
Distance travelled6,645,026 kilometers (4,129,028 mi)
Orbits completed159
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSpace Shuttle Columbia
Landing mass97,201 kilograms (214,292 lb)
Payload mass8,078 kilograms (17,809 lb)
Crew size6
Start of mission
Launch date22 October 1992, 17:09:39 (1992-10-22UTC17:09:39Z) UTC
Launch siteKennedy LC-39B
End of mission
Landing date1 November 1992, 14:05:52 (1992-11-01UTC14:05:53Z) UTC
Landing siteKennedy SLF Runway 33
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude304 kilometres (189 mi)
Apogee altitude307 kilometres (191 mi)
Inclination28.45 degrees
Period90.6 min
Sts-52 crew.jpg

Left to right - Back: Baker, Wetherbee, Maclean; Front: Veach, Jernigan, Shepherd
← STS-47
STS-53 →

STS-52 was a Space Transportation System (NASA Space Shuttle) mission using Space Shuttle Columbia, and was launched on 22 October 1992.


Position Astronaut
Commander James D. Wetherbee
Second spaceflight
Pilot Michael A. Baker
Second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Charles L. Veach
Second and last spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 William M. Shepherd
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 3 Tamara E. Jernigan
Second spaceflight
Payload Specialist 1 Steven G. MacLean, CSA
First spaceflight

Backup Crew

Position Astronaut
Payload Specialist 1 Bjarni Tryggvason, CSA
First spaceflight

Mission highlights


Primary mission objectives were deployment of the Laser Geodynamics Satellite II (LAGEOS-II) and operation of the U.S. Microgravity Payload-1 (USMP-1). LAGEOS-II, a joint effort between NASA and the Italian Space Agency (ASI), was deployed on day 2 and boosted into an initial elliptical orbit by ASI's Italian Research Interim Stage (IRIS). The spacecraft's apogee kick motor later circularized LAGEOS orbit at its operational altitude of 3,666 miles. The USMP-1, activated on day one, included three experiments mounted on two connected Mission Peculiar Equipment Support Structures (MPESS) mounted in the orbiter's cargo bay. USMP-1 experiments were: Lambda Point Experiment; Matériel Pour L'Etude Des Phénomènes Intéressant La Solidification Sur Et En Orbite (MEPHISTO), sponsored by the French agency Centre National d'Études Spatiales; and Space Acceleration Measurement System (SAMS).

Secondary payloads: (1) Canadian experiment, CANEX-2, located in both the orbiter's cargo bay and middeck and which consisted of Space Vision System (SVS); Materials Exposure in Low-Earth Orbit (MELEO); Queen's University Experiment in Liquid-Metal Diffusion (QUELD); Phase Partitioning in Liquids (PARLIQ); Sun Photospectrometre Earth Atmosphere Measurement-2 (SPEAM-2); Orbiter Glow-2 (OGLOW-2); and Space Adaptation Tests and Observations (SATO). A small, specially marked satellite, the Canadian Target Assembly, was deployed on day nine, to support SVS experiments. (2) ASP, featuring three independent sensors mounted on a Hitchhiker plate in the cargo bay - Modular Star Sensor (MOSS), Yaw Earth Sensor (YES) and Low Altitude Conical Earth Sensor (LACES), all provided by the European Space Agency.

Other middeck payloads: Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instrument Technology Associates Experiments; Commercial Protein Crystal Growth experiment; Chemical Vapor Transport Experiment; Heat Pipe Performance Experiment; Physiological Systems Experiment (involving 12 rodents); and Shuttle Plume Impingement Experiment. The orbiter also was used as a reference point for calibrating an Ultraviolet Plume Instrument on an orbiting Strategic Defense Initiative Organization satellite.

The Tank Pressure Control Experiment/Thermal Phenomena (TPCE/TP) was contained in a Getaway Special (GAS) canister in the orbiter's cargo bay.

Some of the ashes of Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry were also carried aboard the orbiter for the duration of the mission.

Wake-up calls

NASA began a tradition of playing music to astronauts during the Gemini program, and first used music to wake up a flight crew during Apollo 15. A special musical track is chosen for each day in space, often by the astronauts' families, to have a special meaning to an individual member of the crew, or in reference to the day's planned activities.

Day Song Artist/Composer Played For
Day 2 Wake Up Columbia Crow Carroll
Day 3 Shake, Rattle and Roll Big Joe Turner Deployment of LAGEOS-II
Day 5 The World is Waiting for the Sunrise Les Paul and Mary Ford
Day 6 Birthday The Beatles Mike Baker's 39th Birthday
Day 7 "Hawaiian music"
Day 8 Mack the Knife Bobby Darin
Day 9 Bang the Drum Todd Rundgren
Day 10 Monster Mash Bobby "Boris" Picket It was Halloween
Day 11 Notre Dame Victory March JSC employees & Notre Dame grads James Wetherbee

See also


 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

External links

This page was last edited on 3 April 2021, at 20:43
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.