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SS Russian (1895)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SS Russian (1895).jpg
SS Russian.
History
Name:
  • United Kingdom SS Victorian (1895–1914)
  • United Kingdom SS Russian (1914–1916)
Namesake: Russia
Owner:
Leyland Line Flag.png
Leyland Line
Operator:
Port of registry: United Kingdom Liverpool, United Kingdom
Route: Liverpool, UK to Boston, USA
Ordered: 1895
Builder: Harland & Wolff Ltd.
Yard number: 291
Launched: 7 July 1895
Completed: 1895
Maiden voyage: 7 September 1895
In service: 7 September 1895
Out of service: 14 December 1916
Identification: 105334
Fate: Torpedoed and sunk
General characteristics
Class and type: Victorian class cargo liner
Type: Cargo ship
Tonnage: 8,825 GRT
Length: 156.2 metres (512 ft 6 in)
Beam: 18.1 metres (59 ft 5 in)
Decks: 3
Installed power: 1 x 3 cyl. triple expansion engine, single shaft
Propulsion: Screw propeller
Speed: 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph)

SS Russian was a British Cargo ship, of the Victorian class of 1895, that was torpedoed and sunk by UB-43 210 miles East of Malta in the Mediterranean Sea, while she was travelling from Salonica, Greece, to Newport, United Kingdom, in ballast. The ship was 156.2 metres (512 ft 6 in) long, with a beam of 18.1 metres (59 ft 5 in). The ship was assessed at 8,825 GRT. She had a 1 x 3 cyl. triple expansion engine, single shaft driving a single screw propeller.

History

Russian was constructed as a cattle and cargo carrier in 1895 for the Leyland company at the Harland & Wolff Ltd. shipyard in Belfast, United Kingdom. She was launched on 7 July 1895 and was the lead ship of a class of four ships. She was initially named Victorian and completed her maiden voyage from Liverpool, United Kingdom, to Boston, United States.

Boer War

As the SS Victorian, she served as a transport ship during the Boer war in November 1899. She mostly carried horses to South Africa and was used intensively on this operation.

White Star Line

In 1903 she was chartered to the White Star Line. She completed her first journey to New York City, United States, on 24 April 1903. Her name was changed to Russian in August 1914 to avoid confusion with the Allan Line's SS Victorian.[1]

Sinking

On 14 December 1916, Russian was on a voyage from Salonica, Greece, to Newport, United Kingdom, in ballast when she was torpedoed by UB-43 210 miles East of Malta. 28 crew members lost their lives during the sinking. [2]

Sister ships

SS Russian had 3 sister ships which all sank too:

  • SS Armenian (Build 1895, Torpedoed 28 June 1915 with a loss of 33 crew)
  • SS Cestrian (Built 1896, Torpedoed 24 June 1917 with a loss of 3 crew)
  • SS Londonian (Built 1896, Capsized and sunk 29 November 1898 with a loss of 17 crew)

They were built for the Leyland line between 1895 and 1898.

References

  1. ^ "SS Russian". Retrieved 23 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Wrecksite-Russian Cargo Ship 1895-1916". Wrecksite. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
This page was last edited on 25 February 2018, at 21:35
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