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SS Conte di Savoia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Transatlantico Conte di Savoia.jpg
History
Italy
Name: SS Conte di Savoia
Owner: Italian Line
Port of registry:
Flag of Italy
Italy
Builder: Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico of Trieste, Italy
Launched: 18 October 1931
Christened: Marie José of Belgium
Maiden voyage: 30 November 1932
Fate: Scrapped in 1950
General characteristics
Type: Ocean liner
Tonnage: 48,502 gross tons
Length: 248.25 m (814.5 feet)
Beam: 29.28 m (96 feet)
Height: 35 m (114.8 feet)
Draught: 9.5 m (31.2 feet)
Installed power: Steam turbines
Propulsion: Quadruple propellers
Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h)
Capacity:
  • 2,200 total:
  • 500 first class
  • 366 second class
  • 412 tourist class
  • 922 third class
Crew: 786 total

SS Conte di Savoia ("Count of Savoy") was an Italian ocean liner built in 1932 at the Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico, Trieste.[1]

Conte di Savoia was originally ordered for the Lloyd Sabaudo line; however, after a merger with the Navigazione Generale Italiana, the ship was completed for the newly formed Italia Flotte Riunite.[1] The new Italia Line also controlled Rex, a similar though slightly larger ship completed just two months before Conte di Savoia. The Conte di Savoia was more modern in decoration and appearance than Rex and was the first major liner fitted with gyroscopic stabilisers.

History

In November 1932, he made his maiden voyage to New York.[1] Unlike Rex, he never made a record transatlantic crossing, reaching a best speed of 27.5 knots (31.6 mph) in 1933.[1]

Conte di Savoia had one unusual feature designed to increase passenger numbers. Three huge anti-rolling gyroscopes were fitted low down in a forward hold. These rotated at high revolutions and were designed to eliminate rolling - a persistent problem on the rough North Atlantic crossing that affected all shipping lines.[2] In practice they reduced the rolling by slowing down the rolling period, however, they also caused the vessel to "hang" annoyingly when the vessel was on the extreme limit of her rolls. For safety reasons the system was quickly abandoned on eastbound crossings where the prevailing weather produced following seas, although it was still used on westbound crossings. This was because with a following sea (and the deep slow rolls this generated) the vessel tended to 'hang' with the system turned on, and the inertia it generated made it harder for the vessel to right herself from heavy rolls.[2] None of this ever affected the operation of the shipping lines advertising department and the benefits of a "smooth crossing" were heavily promoted during the life of the ship.

In 1931, Italian architect, Melchiorre Bega was selected to design the interior lay-out and furnishings of the Conte di Savoia.[3] Bega, who was well-known for his innovative designs of stores, cafés and hotels,[4] created a modernist interior.

Conte di Savoia being scrapped, 1950
Conte di Savoia being scrapped, 1950

Conte di Savoia was pulled from commercial line service in 1940 for wartime service.[5] He was sunk in 1943, and despite being refloated and rebuilt in 1945 was scrapped in 1950.[5]

See also

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d Dawson, p. 108
  2. ^ a b "Italian Liner To Defy The Waves" Popular Mechanics, April 1931
  3. ^ Corradini, Nicola. "Melchiorre Bega - Architekt und Designer". ArchInform.net. archInform-Internationale Architektur-Datenbank. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  4. ^ Savorra, Massimiliano (October 2017). "Il lusso borghese negli anni '30. I negozi di Melchiorre Bega (Bourgeois Luxury in the 1930s - The shops of Melchiorre Bega". Casabella. 2017 (878): 26–34. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  5. ^ a b Dawson, p. 245

Bibliography

External links

This page was last edited on 3 June 2021, at 21:17
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