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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SPCA 10
SPCA Paulhan-Pillard E.5 L'Aéronautique May,1928.jpg
SPCA Paulhan-Pillard
Role Reconnaissance and bomber flying boat
National origin France
Manufacturer Société Provençale de Constructions Aéronautiques (SPCA)
Designer Louis Paulhan and Pillard
First flight 4 April 1928
Number built 1

The SPCA 10 or SPCA Paulhan-Pillard E.5 was a large, all-metal, French reconnaissance and bomber flying boat flown in 1928. Only one was built and this was lost in a fatal crash during development.

Design and development

The SPCA 10 was a parasol wing three-engined flying boat of all-metal construction. Its one-piece wing had a rectangular central region and trapezoidal outer areas, the latter carrying narrow ailerons over the whole of their trailing edges. The primary wing structure had a pair of steel spars and duralumin ribs. Unlike the rest of the aircraft, the wing was fabric covered. It was braced to the upper hull by a pair of parallel, vertical struts to each spar but stabilized with N-struts out to the floats, which were themselves braced to the outer wing spars with pairs of outward-leaning struts as well as by horizontal struts to the mid-hull. All these struts were steel tubes enclosed in streamlined casings.[1]

The flying boat was powered by three 310 kW (420 hp) Gnome-Rhône 9Ac Jupiter nine-cylinder radials mounted, uncowled, on the wing leading edge as closely as the propeller discs allowed. Their fuel and oil tanks were in the wing, away from the engines to reduce fire risks.[1][2] The wing was thick enough to allow the engineer in-flight access to most of the engine accessories.[1]

The SPCA 10's hull was flat-sided and slender. Its single step planing bottom had a cross-section which altered from V in the nose to rounded at mid-hull. There was an open, circular position for a gunner or navigational observer in the extreme nose, with an enclosed navigator's cabin immediately aft. The pilots sat side by side in an open cockpit, equipped with dual control, midway between the nose and the leading edge. The central hull had internal compartments for the radio operator and the photographer and for rest. There were two, left-right staggered, open gunner's positions halfway between the trailing edge and the tail, which had openings in their floors above the waterline to allow downward fire or observation.[1]

The SPCA 10 had a steel-framed, fabric covered fin with a swept leading edge and flat top. Its servo-balanced rudder was almost rectangular apart from a rounded heel at the base of the fuselage. The tailplane was mounted on the fin at about one third height and supported on each side by a splayed pair of struts from the hull. Both it and the elevators were rectangular in plan, apart from a cut-out between the latter in which the rudder worked.[1]

Operational history

The SCPA 10 first flew on 4 April 1928 at La Ciotat, piloted by Burri. After display at the July 1928 Paris Salon it went to Saint-Raphaël, Var for official tests. These revealed a serious handling problem. When the engines speeds were reduced, the CAMS entered a dive, behaviour ascribed to the closeness of the propellers to the wing leading edge. As a result, alightings had to be made, counter-intuitively, under full power. The tests continued, though on 18 December 1928 an order was issued to stop them and modify the engine installation. Regrettably, this order was slow to reach Saint-Raphaël and on 8 January the pilot of the CAMS 10 reduced power on approach. The aircraft dived into the sea, killing all aboard. No more were built.[2]

Specifications

SPCA Paulhan-Pillard 3-view drawing from Les Ailes June 14,1928
SPCA Paulhan-Pillard 3-view drawing from Les Ailes June 14,1928

Data from Les Ailes, June 1928,[1] Aviafrance,[3] Aeronautique Navale de chez nous,[2] Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928[4]

General characteristics

  • Crew: Five
  • Length: 18.70 m (61 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 28.15 m (92 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 4.50 m (14 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 140 m2 (1,500 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)
  • Gross weight: 8,200 kg (18,078 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Gnome-Rhône 9Ac Jupiter 9-cylinder direct-drive air-cooled radial piston engines, 310 kW (420 hp) each
  • Propellers: 2-bladed fixed pitch propellers

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 200 km/h (120 mph, 110 kn)
  • Range: 1,500 km (930 mi, 810 nmi) with 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) payload
  • Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,000 ft)
  • Time to altitude: 2,000 m (6,600 ft) in 13 minutes 17 seconds; 12,500 m (41,000 ft) in 16 minutes
  • Wing loading: 60.7 kg/m2 (12.4 lb/sq ft)
  • Power/mass: 0.1103 kW/kg (0.0671 hp/lb)

Armament

  • Guns: Machine-gun positions in the nose and rear fuselage

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Frachet, André (14 June 1928). "L'hydravion S.P.C.A. Paulhan-Pillard". Les Ailes (365): 1, 3.
  2. ^ a b c Gaillard, Pierre (1996). Aeronautique Navale de chez nous. Paris: Éditions MDM. p. 39. ISBN 2 909313 30 1.
  3. ^ Parmentier, Bruno. "S.P.C.A. 10". Aviafrance. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  4. ^ Grey, C.G., ed. (1928). Jane's all the World's Aircraft 1928. London: Sampson Low, Marston & company, ltd. p. 121c.
This page was last edited on 9 March 2020, at 13:58
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