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Maritima Ferries

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Maritima Ferries
IndustryPassenger transportation
Freight transportation
Founded1969 (As CGTM)
1976 (As SNCM)
2016 (As Maritima Ferries)
Defunct2015 (As SNCM)
2017 (As Maritima Ferries)
HeadquartersMarseille, France
Area served
France, Italy, Algeria, Tunisia
Websitewww.sncm.fr
MS Danielle Casanova departing the port of Bastia
MS Danielle Casanova departing the port of Bastia
MS Pascal Paoli
MS Pascal Paoli

Maritima Ferries was a French ferry company operating in the Mediterranean. Following the bankruptcy and sale of SNCM (Société Nationale Maritime Corse Méditerranée), the company was rebranded as Maritima Ferries from 2016 onwards.

Its ferries sailed from Marseille, Toulon, Nice on mainland France, Calvi, Bastia, Ajaccio, Ile Rousse, Propriano, and Porto Vecchio on Corsica, Porto Torres on Sardinia, Algiers, Oran, Skikda and Bejaia in Algeria as well as Tunis in Tunisia and Genoa in Italy. Since 2016 the fleet of SNCM went to a new company, Corsica Linea.

SNCM traces its history back to 1850.

History

  • In 1855, the Compagnie Générale Maritime was created.
  • In 1861, the Compagnie Générale Maritime changed its name to the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique.
  • In 1969, the Compagnie générale transméditerranéenne (CGTM) was created by joining the Mediterranean services of the Compagnie générale transatlantique with the Compagnie de navigation mixte.
  • In 1976, the CGTM came under state control and changed its name to SNCM. The state ownership was managed 75% by the Compagnie générale maritime (CGM) and 25% by the SNCF, the latter influencing the new name.

2005 privatization

In September 2005, French Prime minister Dominique de Villepin presented a project of privatization of the company. Villepin was to hand out the SNCM to Butler Capital Partners for 35 million euros, after a previous "recapitalisation" of 113 million euros (injection of new capital by the state). However, this project caused a public outcry, as it put into question the balancing out principle of public transports (péréquation), meaning that to insure the continuity of the national territory and the equality of all concerning this important territorial continuity. In other words, the state-owned SNCM was to insure transport between the mainland and Corsica all year long, even though in exclusive market terms it may not be profitable, so that Corsicans can access administrative services as well as any other Frenchman. Moreover, Walter Butler was Villepin's schoolmate and friend from l'ENA, the elite public servants school.

Following hard negotiations and a strike by the CGT trade-union and the Corsican Workers' Trade Union (STC), a new project was presented. In May 2006, the company was privatized. Connex (which has since become Veolia Transport, a subsidiary of Veolia Environment group) took 28% of the SNCM (against 38% for Butler in the previous arrangement); the state kept 25% of the shares, and 9% sold to the employees. 400 layoffs were planned; in addition to the 113 million euros reinjected by the state before the privatization, 35 million euros were to be given to finance the layoffs.

In 2008, Butler sold its shares to Veolia, who became the main shareholder with 66% of shares.[1] In 2011, the shares were passed on to Veolia Transdev (now simply Transdev), after Veolia merged with Transdev (historic).

The company filed for bankruptcy protection in 2014 and was subsequently placed in receivership of the court of Marseilles.[2]

References

  1. ^ (in French)SNCM: Veolia récupère de nouvelles parts Archived 2014-08-30 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 11 September 2014
  2. ^ Andrew Spurrier (2014-11-29), SNCM is put into administration, IHS Inc., archived from the original on 2015-02-05

Further reading

  • Seville, Richard (2009). Mediterranean Ferries. Ramsey, Isle of Man: Ferry Publications. ISBN 9781871947984.

External links

This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 04:15
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