To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Sécheresses (Poulenc)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cantata by Francis Poulenc
CatalogueFP 90
Composed1937 (1937)
DedicationYvonne de Casa Fuerte
Date2 April 1938 (1938-04-02)
LocationSalle Pleyel, Paris

Sécheresses (Drought), FP 90, is a cantata by Francis Poulenc for mixed choir (SATB) composed in 1937 on poems by Edward James who commissioned it. It was regarded as a failure when it was premiered in 1938, but a great success when it was performed again in 1953.


It was the British poet Edward James who commissioned this work from the composer. Edward James (1907–1984) was also a rich patron of the arts, a friend of painters such as Salvador Dalí, René Magritte and Leonor Fini, but also of musicians such as the conductor Igor Markevitch. He offered Francis Poulenc twice the sum that Winnaretta Singer had paid for Poulenc's Organ Concerto.[1]

Francis Poulenc composed this cantata on four texts by Edward James between September and December 1937.[2] Two of the texts used had been published in the journal of surrealist inspiration Minotaure.[3] The composer dedicated his work to Yvonne de Casa Fuerte, a violinist who had married the Marquis of Casa Fuerte.

The work was premiered at salle Pleyel in Paris on 2 April 1938 by the Concerts Colonne orchestra and the singers of Lyon under the direction of Paul Paray. This first performance was a failure with the audience, and the composer wanted to destroy the score of his work, but Georges Auric dissuaded him.[4][5]

Sécheresses was played again much later, on 28 September 1953, by the Paris Radio Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Eugène Bigot, and on 4 November 1953 at Théâtre des Champs-Élysées by the Orchestre de la Société des concerts du Conservatoire under the direction of Georges Tzipine. The work was then a great success.[6]


The cantata has a duration of about 17 minutes. It is structured in four movements:[2]

  1. Les sauterelles
  2. Le village abandonné
  3. Le faux avenir
  4. Le squelette de la mer



  1. ^ Benjamin Ivry, Francis Poulenc, Phaidon Press, 1996, (p. 201).
  2. ^ a b c Sécheresses. FP 90 on the site of the Bibliothèque nationale de France.
  3. ^ Carl B. Schmidt, The Music of Francis Poulenc (1899–1963): A Catalogue, Clarendon Press, 1995, (p. 23).
  4. ^ Renaud Machart, Poulenc, Paris, éditions du Seuil, (p. 111).
  5. ^ Roland Duclos, "Le singulier pluriel de Sécheresses de Poulenc", Forum Opéra, 4 March 2015.
  6. ^ Carl B. Schmidt, Entrancing Muse: A Documented Biography of Francis Poulenc, Pendragon Press, 2001, (p. 388).

External links

This page was last edited on 12 November 2017, at 07:09
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.