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Runabout (car)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A runabout is a car body style that was popular in North America until about 1915. It was a light, basic style with no windshield, top, or doors and a single row of seats. Runabouts eventually became indistinguishable from roadsters and the term fell out of use in the United States. The approach has evolved into the modern "city car".

Description and history

The runabout was a light, inexpensive, open car[1][2] with basic bodywork and no windshield, top, or doors.[1] Most runabouts had just a single row of seats, providing seating for two passengers.[1][2][3] Some also had a rumble seat at the rear to provide optional seating for one or two more passengers;[1][3] those without rumble seats may have had a trunk platform, a box, or a fuel tank instead.[3] They differed from buggies and high wheelers mainly by having smaller wheels.[1]

Early runabouts had their engines under the body toward the middle of the chassis.[1] This sometimes made maintenance difficult, as on the Oldsmobile Curved Dash where the body had to be removed in order to access the engine.[4] The Gale runabout dealt with this problem by hinging the body at the rear of the car such that it could be tilted to access the engine.[4][5] Some later runabouts had the engine in what became the conventional position at the front of the car.[1]

1907 Cadillac Model K at AutoWorld in Brussels
1907 Cadillac Model K at AutoWorld in Brussels

Runabouts were popular in North America from the late 19th century to about 1915.[1] They were designed for light use over short distances.[6] By the mid-1910s, they became almost indistinguishable from roadsters.[7]

Notable examples of runabouts include the Oldsmobile Curved Dash mentioned earlier, which was the first mass-produced car,[4] and the Cadillac runabout, which won the Dewar Trophy for 1908 by demonstrating its use of interchangeable parts.[8]

Later use of the term

The 1964 GM Runabout was a three wheel concept car first exhibited at Futurama II, part of the 1964 New York World's Fair. The car was designed specifically for housewives and had detachable shopping carts built into it.[9]

The term "runabout" is still in use in the UK, denoting a small car used for short journeys.[10]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Haajanen 2003, p. 116.
  2. ^ a b Georgano 1973, p. 216.
  3. ^ a b c Clough 1913, p. 258.
  4. ^ a b c Sedgwick 1972, p. 26.
  5. ^ Georgano 1971, p. 86.
  6. ^ Clough 1913, p. 325.
  7. ^ Clough 1913, pp. 257, 258.
  8. ^ Posthumus 1977, p. 48.
  9. ^ Smith 1993, p. 238.
  10. ^ Anderson et al. 2006, p. 750.

References

  • Anderson, Sandra; Crozier, Justin; Gilmour, Lorna; Grandison, Alice; McKeown, Cormac; Stibbs, Anne; Summers, Elspeth, eds. (2006). "runabout". Collins Concise Dictionary & Thesaurus. Glasgow, UK: HarperCollins Publishers. p. 750. ISBN 978-0-00-722971-0. n. 1 a small car used for short journeysCS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Clough, Albert L. (1913). A dictionary of automobile terms. The Horseless Age Company. LCCN 13003001. Retrieved 1 September 2014.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Georgano, G. N., ed. (1971). "Glossary". Encyclopedia of American Automobiles. New York, NY USA: E. P. Dutton. pp. 215–217. ISBN 0-525-097929. LCCN 79147885. Runabout. A general term for a light two-passenger car of the early 1900s.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Haajanen, Lennart W. (2003). Illustrated Dictionary of Automobile Body Styles. Illustrations by Bertil Nydén. Jefferson, NC USA: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1276-3. LCCN 2002014546.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Posthumus, Cyril (1977) [1977]. "The Motoring Boom". The story of Veteran & Vintage Cars. John Wood, illustrator (Phoebus 1977 ed.). London: Hamlyn / Phoebus. pp. 36–49. ISBN 0-600-39155-8. Under RAC observation three cars from stock were completely dismantled, their parts intermixed, and three new cars assembled, all working flawlessly — a feat that won Cadillac the coveted Dewar Trophy.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Sedgwick, Michael (1972) [1962]. "Chapter One The Pioneer Days 1769 – 1904". Early Cars. London, UK: Octopus Books. ISBN 0-7064-0058-5. The Oldsmobile merits its niche in history as the first true example of mass-production, some 3,750 being turned out in 1903 alone... Despite the Oldsmobile's known reliability, the makers' handbook launches out on the first page of text with the alarming suggestion: 'Let us first remove the body'!CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Smith, Michael L. (1993). "Making Time". In Fox, Richard Wightman; Lears, T. J. Jackson (eds.). The Power of Culture: Critical Essays in American History. Chicago, IL US: University of Chicago. pp. 222–243. ISBN 0-2262-5955-2.
This page was last edited on 8 September 2019, at 21:57
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