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Rueil-Malmaison

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rueil-Malmaison
Vue on the Place de l'Église
Vue on the Place de l'Église
Coat of arms of Rueil-Malmaison

Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison is located in France
Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison
Paris and inner ring départements
Rueil-Malmaison is located in Île-de-France (region)
Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison
Rueil-Malmaison (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 48°52′34″N 2°10′52″E / 48.876°N 2.181°E / 48.876; 2.181
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentHauts-de-Seine
ArrondissementNanterre
CantonRueil-Malmaison
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Patrick Ollier
Area
1
14.7 km2 (5.7 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
79,783
 • Density5,400/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92063 /92500
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Rueil-Malmaison (French pronunciation: ​[ʁɥɛj malmɛzɔ̃]) is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department of France. It is located 12.6 kilometres (8 miles) from the centre of Paris. It is one of the wealthiest suburbs of Paris.

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Transcription

Contents

Name

Rueil-Malmaison was originally called simply Rueil. In medieval times the name Rueil was spelled either Roialum, Riogilum, Rotoialum, Ruolium, or Ruellium. This name is made of the Celtic word ialo (meaning "clearing, glade", "place of") suffixed to a radical meaning "brook, stream" (Latin rivus, Old French ), or maybe to a radical meaning "ford" (Celtic ritu).

In 1928, the name of the commune officially became Rueil-Malmaison in reference to its most famous tourist attraction, the Château de Malmaison, home of Napoléon's first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais.

The name Malmaison comes from Medieval Latin mala mansio, meaning "ill-fated domain", "estate of ill luck". In the Early Middle Ages Malmaison was the site of a royal residence which was destroyed by the Vikings in 846.

History

Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church
Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church

Rueil is famous for the Château de Malmaison where Napoleon and his first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais lived. Upon her death in 1814, she was buried at the nearby Saint-Pierre-Saint-Paul church, which stands at the centre of the city.

The Rueil barracks of the Swiss Guard were constructed in 1756 under Louis XV by the architect Axel Guillaumot, and have been classified Monument historique since 1973. The Guard was formed by Louis XIII in 1616 and massacred at the Tuileries on 10 August 1792 during the French Revolution.

During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, Rueil was located on the front line.

At the end of the 19th century, Impressionist painters like Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Édouard Manet and Claude Monet came to paint the Seine River which crosses the town.

Rueil is (despite the title) the principal location of the novel Loin de Rueil by the French novelist Raymond Queneau.

The town is twinned with Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, in the United Kingdom.[2]

Main sights

The Château de Malmaison, the residence of Napoléon's first wife Joséphine de Beauharnais, is located in Rueil-Malmaison. It is home to a Napoleonic museum.

Economy

Office building in the new business district of Rueil-sur-Seine
Office building in the new business district of Rueil-sur-Seine

The main campus of the French Institute of Petroleum research organisation is in Rueil. The city has also become home to many large companies moving out of La Défense business district, located only 5 km (3.1 mi) from Rueil, a trend first established by the move of Esso headquarters to Rueil.

There are about 850 service sector companies located in Rueil, 70 of which employ more than 100 people. A business district called Rueil-sur-Seine (previously known as "Rueil 2000") was created near the RER A Rueil-Malmaison station to accommodate these companies. The business district is equipped with a fiber-optic network.

Several major French companies have their world headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as Schneider Electric and VINCI.[3][4] Schneider had its head office in Rueil-Malmaison since 2000; previously the building Schneider occupies housed the Schneider subsidiary Télémécanique.[5]

Several large international companies have also located their French headquarters in Rueil-Malmaison, such as ExxonMobil, AstraZeneca, American Express and Unilever.

Transport

Rueil-Malmaison is served by Rueil-Malmaison station on Paris RER line A.

Education

Public schools:

  • 15 preschools[6]
  • 15 elementary schools[7]
  • Six junior high schools: Les Bons-Raisins, Henri-Dunant, La Malmaison, Les Martinets, Marcel-Pagnol, Jules-Verne[8]
  • Two senior high schools: Lycée Richelieu, Lycée polyvalent Gustave-Eiffel[9]

Private schools:[10]

  • Collège et lycée Passy-Buzenval [fr]
  • Collège et lycée Madeleine-Daniélou
  • Collège Notre-Dame
  • École maternelle et élémentaire Saint-Charles-Notre Dame
  • Ecole maternelle élémentaire Charles-Peguy
  • Ecole Montessori Bilingue de Rueil-Malmaison

There are tertiary educational institutions in the area.[11]

Notable residents

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

Rueil-Malmaison is twinned with:

City Region Country Year
Ávila1  Province of Ávila  Spain
Bad Soden[13]  Hessen  Germany
Fribourg
Wappen Freiburg matt.svg
Canton of Fribourg
  Switzerland
Lynchburg1  Virginia  United States
Elmbridge  Surrey  England
Kitzbühel[14]  Tyrol  Austria 1979
Sergiev Posad  Moscow Oblast  Russia
Timișoara
Timis county coat of arms.png
Timiș County
 Romania
Jelgava
Coat of arms of Zemgale.svg
Zemgale
 Latvia 2006
Zouk Mikael Lebanon Mount Lebanon Governorate  Lebanon 2009
Bukhara1 Uzbekistan Bukhara Province  Uzbekistan
Dubrovnik
St. Blaise - National Flag of the Ragusan Republic.png
Dubrovnik-Neretva County
 Croatia 2011
Kiryat Malakhi Israel Southern District  Israel 1985
Tōgane[15] Japan Chiba Prefecture  Japan 1990

^1 Sister City

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Elmbridge Online covering Cobham, Esher, Oxshott, Walton and Weybridge". Elmbridge-online.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
  3. ^ "Privacy Policy." Schneider Electric. Retrieved on 8 July 2010.
  4. ^ "Contact." (Map) Vinci. Retrieved on 7 July 2010.
  5. ^ "Schneider-Electric s'est installé chez une filiale." Schneider Electric. Retrieved on 8 July 2010.
  6. ^ "Les écoles maternelles." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  7. ^ "Les écoles élémentaires." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  8. ^ "Les collèges." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  9. ^ "Les lycées." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  10. ^ "Les établissements privés." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  11. ^ "Enseignement supérieur." Rueil-Malmaison. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  12. ^ "Marine Le Pen, une riche propriétaire (comme son père)". Le Nouvel Observateur. January 27, 2016. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  13. ^ "Partnerstädte" (in German). Bad Soden am Taunus. Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2013-12-11.
  14. ^ "Partnerstädte". Stadtgemeinde Kitzbühel (in German). Retrieved 2008-08-04.
  15. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 September 2019, at 00:39
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