To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rudra veena
Rudra veena
String instrument
Other namesRudra vina, Been, Bin
Classification String instrument
Hornbostel–Sachs classification311.222
(True stick zither: instruments in which sound is produced by one or more vibrating strings, which consist solely of a string bearer or a string bearer with a resonator that is not integral to the instrument, with a string bearer shaped like a bar (bar zither), has a rigid and inflexible string carrier (stick zither), has no curved or flexible end (true stick zither), has more than one resonator gourds.)
Ustad Shamshuddin Faridi Desai (1936 - 2011), Bande Ali Khan (1826 - 1890), Ustad Abid Hussain Khan, Rajab Ali Khan Rudra Veena, Mohammed Khan Faridi, Jamaluddin Khan, Murad Khan Rudra Veena, Krishnarao Kholapure, Anant Bedekar, Asad Ali Khan (1937 - 2011), Asit Kumar Banerjee, Jyoti Hegde, R.V. Hegde (b. 1953), Bindu Madhav Pathak (1935 - 2004), Shrikant Pathak, Bahauddin Dagar (b.1970), Carsten Wicke (b. 1970), Peter Row, Rudra Veena (1944-2018), Dattatreya Rama Rao Parvatikar (1916 - 1990), Hindraj Divekar, Naubat Khan, Omrao Khan, Wazir Khan (Rampur), Zia Mohiuddin Dagar (1929 - 1990), Zahid Khan, P.D. Shah (1911 - 1975)
More articles or information
Veena, Saraswati veena, Vichitra veena, Chitra veena

Rudra veena (also spelled Rudra vina, and also called Bīn in North India), is a stick zither, a large plucked string instrument originating from the Indian subcontinent and used in Hindustani classical music. It is one of the major types of veena played in Indian classical music.

It has a long tubular body made of wood or bamboo with a length between 54 and 62 inches. Two large, round resonators, made of dried and hollowed gourds, are attached under the tube. Twenty-four brass-fitted raised wooden frets are fixed on the tube with the help of wax. There are 4 main strings and 3 chikari strings.

As Rudra is a name for the Hindu god Shiva, rudra vina literally means "the veena dear to Shiva". Shiva is also said to have created the Rudra Veena, inspired by his wife, Parvati. Also, Ravana is said to have invented RudraVeena inspired as he was with his devotion to Lord Shiva, he named the instrument Rudra Veena - Rudra is the vedic deity Siva.

It is an ancient instrument rarely played today. The rudra veena declined in popularity in part due to the introduction in the early 19th century of the surbahar, which allowed sitarists to more easily present the alap sections of slow dhrupad-style ragas. In the 20th century, Zia Mohiuddin Dagar modified and redesigned the rudra veena to use bigger gourds, a thicker tube (dandi), thicker steel playing strings (0.45-0.47 mm) and closed javari that. This produced a soft and deep sound when plucked without the use of any plectrum (mizrab). The instrument was further modified as the shruti veena by Lalmani Misra to establish Bharat's Shadja Gram and obtain the 22 shrutis.[1]


See also


External links

This page was last edited on 28 February 2021, at 17:09
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.