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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rudkøbing
Town
Market place in Rudkøbing
Market place in Rudkøbing
Coat of arms of Rudkøbing
Coat of arms
Rudkøbing is located in Region of Southern Denmark
Rudkøbing
Rudkøbing
Coordinates: 54°56′N 10°43′E / 54.933°N 10.717°E / 54.933; 10.717
CountryDenmark
RegionSouthern Denmark
MunicipalityLangeland
Area
 • Urban
3.14 km2 (1.21 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Urban
4,530
 • Urban density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
5900

Rudkøbing is a town in Denmark, located on the island of Langeland. It is the seat of Langeland Municipality, in the Southern Denmark Region. The town is located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southeast of Svendborg, on the western coast of Langeland, connected to Siø through the Siøsund Bridge.

History

The first mention of Rudkøbing was in 1287, when it was given market town privileges by Duke Valdemar IV of Schleswig, who held the title of rigsforstander (da) under King Eric VI Menved. During the Count's Feud (1534-1536) and again during the Dano-Swedish War (1658-1660), Rudkøbing was under siege by Swedish troops. Both times, the town's fortifications prevented Rudkøbing from immediately falling, but the town eventually had to give in to the Swedes. The town was hit by the Black Plague during the 16th and 17th centuries, and experienced fires in 1590 and 1610.

The Ørsted family, which most notably includes the brothers Hans Christian and Anders Sandøe Ørsted, has its origins in Rudkøbing. Their father was a pharmacist, and the brothers were born in the old pharmacy on Gåsetorvet. Across from their birth house is a statue of Hans Christian, and a statue of Anders is located at nearby Ørstedsparken, which is named in their honor. The old pharmacy remained in use until 2017.[2][3]

Rudkøbing got its first proper harbor in 1826 (it had previously only had a pier). In 1898, in a town of about 3,500 people, there were 152 ships based in Rudkøbing. Every year, over 2,500 ships (carrying over 18,000 metric tons of cargo) came in and over 2,800 ships (carrying over 11,500 metric tons of cargo) went out, mostly to and from elsewhere in Denmark. The town was connected by steam ferry routes to Copenhagen, Korsør, Marstal, and Svendborg.

The town's population was stable during the Interwar period, hovering above 4,000, with the census in 1930 showing a population of 4,129. The population peaked at 4,541 in 1950, and by 1965, it had fallen to 4,204. Around this time a suburb developed in Skrøbelev Parish, which eventually grew together with Rudkøbing.

Each year since 1991, the town has hosted Langelandsfestivalen, a music festival which targets families and older people (unlike the larger Roskilde Festival elsewhere in Denmark, which is mostly attended by young people).[4]

Rudkøbing was the seat of the former Rudkøbing Municipality in Funen County, and is the seat of the current Langeland Municipality in the Southern Denmark Region. When Rudkøbing was its own municipality, there were often negotiations with the two other Langelandic municipalities of Sydlangeland and Tranekær to merge. These plans were repeatedly abandoned due to a lack of public support. In the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, the three were forced together, and Rudkøbing has since been the municipal seat.

Transport

Bridges connecting Rudkøbing and Svendborg were built throughout the late 1950s and early 1960s, finishing in 1966. The old ferry route between the two towns gradually lost popularity due to the bridges, and the route was eventually ended. The ferry route to Marstal, which had been active since 1866, was closed in 2013, so that the only ferry on this route could be moved to the busy route between Marstal and Svendborg. The ferry route between Rudkøbing and Marstal opened again in December 2019.

The Langeland Bridge was built between 1960 to 1962. It connects Rudkøbing and the rest of Langeland to the island of Siø. Siø is further linked by the Siøsund Bridge to Tåsinge, and Tåsinge is linked by the Svendborgsund Bridge to Svendborg on the mainland of Funen, making Rudkøbing accessible by road.[5]

From 1911 to 1962, Rudkøbing was the main station of the Langeland rail network (Langelandsbanen). The network was connected to Svendborg in 1926, when a railway ferry route made it possible to move train wagons between Rudkøbing and the mainland of Funen.[6]

Notable residents

Nikolaj Coster-Waldau
Nikolaj Coster-Waldau

Public thought and politics

Art

Sport

Gallery

External links

References

  1. ^ BY3: Population 1st January by urban and rural areas, area and population density The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark (Retrieved 5 April 2021)
  2. ^ "Hans Christian Ørsted". academictree.org. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  3. ^ "Ørsted, Anders Sandøe, 1778-1860". Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "Langelandsfestival". langelandsfestival.dk. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "Langeland Bridge". Structurae Version. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  6. ^ "Langelandsbanen". jernbanen.dk. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  7. ^ Helle, Knut (ed.). "Erik Bredal". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  8. ^ Tarald Rasmussen (26 February 2019). "Otto Fabricius". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  9. ^ The Encyclopedia Americana, Oersted, Hans Christian, retrieved 24 April 2020
  10. ^ The Encyclopedia Americana, Oersted, Anders Sandöe, retrieved 24 April 2020
  11. ^ "Kongelige besøgte i Rudkøbing". 6 July 2011.
  12. ^ "Mads Johansen Lange From Denmark to Bali, Indonesia". tourguidesbali.com/. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  13. ^ "Ørsted, Anders Sandøe, 1816-72, Botaniker". Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  14. ^ Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, Oersted, Anders Sandöe, retrieved 24 April 2020
  15. ^ Niels Alsted, Svend Dahl. "J. Christian Bay". Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Gyldendal. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  16. ^ Preben Lerdorff Rye (1917–1995) from IMDb, retrieved 28 January 2019
  17. ^ Bjørn Watt-Boolsen (1923–1998) from IMDb, retrieved 28 January 2019
  18. ^ Nikolaj Coster-Waldau from IMDb, retrieved 28 January 2019
This page was last edited on 31 August 2021, at 14:48
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