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Royal Peculiar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Royal Peculiar (or Royal Peculier) is a Church of England parish or church exempt from the jurisdiction of the diocese and the archdiocese in which it lies and subject to the direct jurisdiction of the monarch.

Definition

A "peculiar" is applied to those ecclesiastical districts, parishes, chapels or churches that are outside the jurisdiction of the bishop and archdeacon of the diocese in which they are situated. They include the separate or "peculiar" jurisdiction of the monarch, another archbishop, bishop or the dean and chapter of a cathedral (also, the Knights Templar and the Knights Hospitaller).[1] An Archbishop's Peculiar is subject to the direct jurisdiction of an archbishop and a Royal Peculiar is subject to the direct jurisdiction of the monarch.[2]

The concept dates from Anglo-Saxon times, when a church could ally itself with the monarch and thereby not be subject to the bishop of the area. Later, it reflected the relationship between the Norman and Plantagenet kings and the English Church. Most peculiars survived the Reformation but, with the exception of Royal Peculiars, were finally abolished during the 19th century by various Acts of Parliament and became subject to the jurisdiction of the diocese in which they were, although a few non-royal peculiars still exist.[1][2] The majority of Royal Peculiars that remain are situated within the Diocese of London.[3]

Present day

London

Edinburgh

Cambridge

Windsor

Former Royal Peculiars

Non-royal peculiars

The following chapels of the Inns of Court are extra-diocesan, and therefore peculiars, but not Royal:

See also

Related concepts in secular government

Notes

  1. ^ a b Hey 2008, p. 532.
  2. ^ a b "Peculiar". Encyclopædia Britannica 1911. Volume XXI. p. 36. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Church of England | Dioceses". Anglicans Online. 12 June 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  4. ^ "The Dean of Her Majesty's Chapels Royal". London: Diocese of London. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  5. ^ "The Chapel of St Mary Undercroft – UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
  6. ^ "About Us". London: Royal Foundation of St Katherine. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  7. ^ Inner Temple Library website (retrieved 10 August 2018)
  8. ^ G C Baugh, et al., "Colleges: Penkridge, St Michael". In: A History of the County of Stafford. Volume 3, ed. M W Greenslade and R B Pugh (London, 1970), pp. 298–303. Retrieved 23 June 2015
  9. ^ "Tettenhall Royal Free Chapel". Retrieved 6 June 2015.
  10. ^ Willam Page (editor) (1926). "Houses of Benedictine monks: The priory of Dover". A History of the County of Kent: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 133–137. Retrieved 15 April 2014.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Tomlinson 1907, Chapter X.
  12. ^ Atthill 1847, p. 28.
  13. ^ "Wimborne Minster". Greater Churches Network. Retrieved 15 April 2014.
  14. ^ M W Greenslade, R B Pugh (Editors), G C Baugh, Revd L W Cowie, Revd J C Dickinson, A P Duggan, A K B Evans, R H Evans, Una C Hannam, P Heath, D A Johnston, Professor Hilda Johnstone, Ann J Kettle, J L Kirby, Revd R Mansfield, Professor A Saltman (1970). "Colleges: Wolverhampton, St Peter". A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 16 April 2014.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ Denton 1970, p. 116.
  16. ^ Denton 1970, p. 109.
  17. ^ Mary Lobel (editor) (1962). "Parishes: Dorchester". A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 7: Dorchester and Thame hundreds. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 16 April 2014.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  18. ^ Denton 1970, p. 122.
  19. ^ M W Greenslade, R B Pugh (Editors), G C Baugh, Revd L W Cowie, Revd J C Dickinson, A P Duggan, A K B Evans, R H Evans, Una C Hannam, P Heath, D A Johnston, Professor Hilda Johnstone, Ann J Kettle, J L Kirby, Revd R Mansfield, Professor A Saltman (1970). "Colleges: Stafford, St Mary". A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 39–64. Retrieved 27 November 2014.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  20. ^ Hoskin, Brooke & Dobson 2005, p. 2.
  21. ^ "GENUKI: Hawarden, Flintshire". Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  22. ^ Hoskin, Brooke & Dobson 2005, pp. 159-160.
  23. ^ Briden 2013, p. 60.
  24. ^ "Chapel Services". London: The Charterhouse. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
  25. ^ The Parish is unique in being a ‘Peculiar’ (one of only two left in the country). The Chaplain was not appointed by the bishop but by the Squire who is officially the ‘Lay Prior, Ordinary, Patron and Rector of the Peculiar and Parish of Southwick’. This has been the case since the dissolution of Southwick Priory, in 1539. St Nicholas, Boarhunt dates from 1064, and St James, Southwick (officially St James-without-the-priory-gate), may also be pre-Norman Conquest, although it has less surviving original fabric."St James Southwick Parish Website". St James, Southwick. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  26. ^ "St James, Southwick Page on the Portsmouth Diocese Website". Portsmouth Diocese. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  27. ^ "Christ Church, Bath website". Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  28. ^ a b Briden 2013, p. 61.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 12 January 2019, at 16:41
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