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Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust
TypeNHS foundation trust
HeadquartersPond Street
NW3 2QG[1]
ChairDominic Dodd
Chief executiveCaroline Clarke
Staff10,139[2] Edit this at Wikidata

The Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust (formerly the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust) is an NHS foundation trust based in London, United Kingdom. It comprises Royal Free Hospital, Barnet Hospital, Chase Farm Hospital, as well as clinics run by the trust at Edgware Community Hospital, Finchley Memorial Hospital and North Middlesex University Hospital.[3][4] On 1 July 2014 the Barnet and Chase Farm Hospitals NHS Trust was acquired by Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, making it one of the largest Trusts in the country.


The Free Hospital was founded in 1828 to provide free hospital care to the poor.[5] The title 'Royal' was granted by Queen Victoria in 1837 in recognition of the hospital's treatment of cholera victims.[5] For a long period the Royal Free Hospital was the only hospital in London to offer clinical instruction to women and was closely associated with the London School of Medicine for Women, later renamed Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine.[5]

Royal Free Hospital moved to its present site in the mid-1970s, bringing together the old Royal Free Hospital on Gray's Inn Road with the Lawn Road, New End and Hampstead General hospitals.[5] The former Hampstead Children's Hospital became the nursing accommodation for the hospital.[6]

In April 1991 the Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, comprising Royal Free Hospital and Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, became one of the first NHS trusts established under the provisions of the NHS and Community Care Act 1990.[5] In August 2008 the Trust announced its intention to form the UCLPartners academic health science centre with University College London, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.[7] UCLPartners was officially designated as an academic health science centres by the UK Department of Health in March 2009.[7] In April 2011 the Trust announced that it would be making 450 redundancies as part of a plan to reduce costs by £40 million per year.[8]

The Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust was authorised by Monitor as an NHS foundation trust on 1 April 2012,[9] subsequently changing its name to Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust.[10] In the same month, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust took over management of Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital from the Trust.[11]

In 2013 the Trust had an annual turnover of around £450m and employed around 4,600 staff.[3] Royal Free Hospital has a total of roughly 900 beds and treats around 700,000 patients each year.[3] In partnership with University College London (UCL), the Trust has major research activities and it forms part of the UCLPartners academic health science centre.[7] The Royal Free Hospital is also a teaching centre for the UCL Medical School.[12]

In March 2017 the trust sold land at Chase Farm Hospital in Enfield to the Royal Free Charity for £50 million. The charity plans to use the land to provide housing for staff.[13]


The Trust has a board of directors comprising eleven statutory members including the chairman (currently Dominic Dodd) and Chief Executive (currently Caroline Clarke) of the Trust.[14] The role of the Board is to consider the key strategic and managerial issues facing the Trust in carrying out its statutory and other functions.[15] The Chief Executive is responsible for the overall performance of the executive functions of the Trust.[15]

The Trust also has a council of governors which is responsible for working with the board of directors to produce plans for the future development of the trust; and receiving, at a public meeting, copies of the trust's annual accounts, auditor's reports and annual reports.[16] The council of governors is composed of 25 members, of whom 6 are elected members from the public constituency, 5 are elected members from the staff constituency and 7 are elected members from the patient constituency.[17]

Hospital chain

In July 2016 David Sloman, the previous Chief Executive, took over as "interim accountable officer" at North Middlesex University Hospital NHS Trust as part of the Royal Free's hospital chain project. One of the trust's directors is also taking over as Chief Executive at West Hertfordshire Hospitals NHS Trust.[18]


Four-hour target in the emergency department quarterly figures from NHS England Data from
Four-hour target in the emergency department quarterly figures from NHS England Data from

When the trust took over Barnet and Chase Farm Hospitals Trust in 2014 it discovered a large backlog of patients waiting for elective treatment that year. By April 2015 the trust had reviewed 7,174 patients who have now received treatment. The review concluded that one patient "may have experienced serious harm" and 39 patients had "potentially" suffered "moderate harm", and 68 patients may have suffered "low harm". 1,541 patients were sent to private providers since July 2014, predominately for endoscopy and ear, nose and throat treatments.[19]

In November 2014 the trust started a project to scan 750,000 documents using Kodak scanners as part of its move to paper free working. Business process outsourcing firm MISL are scanning partners in an operation which will take more than a year. It is hoped to analyse data of patients to identify previously unknown trends about medical conditions.[20]

The trust has access to patients' GP records in the Urgent Care Centre run by Haverstock Healthcare in its A&E department using the EMIS Web integrated clinical IT system. This enables the majority of patients to be sent home with written information on self care or referred to a pharmacy.[21]

The trust reported that vacancies had reached 1/6 of the nursing workforce in July 2015.[22]

In February 2016 it was expecting a deficit of £15 million for the year 2015/6.[23] A deficit of more than £95 million was expected for the 2017/8 financial year.[24]

In September 2016, the trust was selected by NHS England as one of twelve Global Digital Exemplars.[25]

In a report of the Care Quality Commission completed in May 2019, the trust's overall surgical safety rating was downgraded from “good” to “requires improvement”, due to a “large number” of “never events” — incidents so serious they should never have happened — which were partially related to “poor behaviours” by a few consultants at the Royal Free London NHS Trust and failures of the Trust's management.[26]

In November 2020 the trust had 9,050 patients waiting 52 or more weeks for treatment on its elective waiting list, with another 10,542 who had waited 40–52 weeks.[27]


In partnership with UCL Medical School the Trust has major research activities and is a founding member of UCLPartners, the largest academic health science partnership in Europe, which in addition to the Trust comprises University College London, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust and University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.[28]

In 2016 it set up a project with DeepMind to develop new clinical mobile apps linked to electronic patient records.[29] The first app will be used to detect acute kidney injury.[30]


Royal Free Hospital is the largest single-site teaching hospital in London and home to one of the three main campuses of UCL Medical School.[12][31] The Trust is also involved in the training of nurses, midwives and other clinical and non-clinical professionals.

See also


  1. ^ "Contact details". Care Quality Commission. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Annual report and accounts 2019/20" (PDF). Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "About us". Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Hospital sites". Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Our history and archives centre". Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Hospitals". Derelict London.
  7. ^ a b c "About Us". UCLPartners. Archived from the original on 10 September 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  8. ^ "Royal Free Hospital axes 450 jobs". Camden New Journal. 7 April 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  9. ^ "Foundation trust success". Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Royal Free hospital becomes foundation trust". Times Series. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Management of RNTNEH services moves to UCLH". University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  12. ^ a b "Royal Free Campus". UCL Medical School. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  13. ^ "Major trust sells £50m of land to charity arm". Health Service Journal. 3 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
  14. ^ "Trust board". Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  15. ^ a b "Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust Constitution" (PDF). Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 November 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  16. ^ "Trust members – council of governors". Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  17. ^ "Trust members – Meet the council of governors". Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 6 April 2012.
  18. ^ "London Eye: Chain-gang". Health Service Journal. 8 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016.
  19. ^ "Patients suffer 'harm' due to treatment delays". Health Service Journal. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  20. ^ "Freeing Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust from paper: an interview with director of IM&T Will Smart". Computing. 3 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  21. ^ "GP records at A&E means only 10% of patients sent on to main emergency department". The Good Health Suite. 6 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  22. ^ "NHS needs thousands of nurses as London wards are shut in 'perfect storm'". London Evening Standard. 30 July 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  23. ^ "One in four trusts plunge deeper into the red". Health Service Journal. 25 February 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  24. ^ "Hospital chain trust expects nearly £100m deficit". Health Service Journal. 22 March 2018. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  25. ^ "New plans to expand the use of digital technology across the NHS". Department of Health and The Rt Hon Jeremy Hunt MP. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  26. ^ "'Culture of bullying by surgeons' linked to Royal Free blunders". Evening Standard. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  27. ^ "Nearly 10,000 year-long waiters at major acute trust". Health Service Journal. 18 November 2020. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  28. ^ "NHS hospitals to forge £2bn research link-up with university". The Guardian. 7 August 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  29. ^ "DeepMind announces second NHS partnership". IR Pro. 23 December 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  30. ^ "Google Deepmind and Imperial in streams deal". Digital Health. 22 December 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  31. ^ "Research". Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 6 April 2012.

External links

This page was last edited on 12 March 2021, at 23:55
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