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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Roy Rogers
Roy Rogers in The Carson City Kid.jpg
Born
Leonard Franklin Slye

(1911-11-05)November 5, 1911
Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
DiedJuly 6, 1998(1998-07-06) (aged 86)
Resting placeSunset Hills Memorial Park, Apple Valley, California
34°33′25″N 117°08′35″W / 34.5569916°N 117.1429367°W / 34.5569916; -117.1429367
Other namesLen Slye
Occupation
  • Singer
  • actor
  • TV host
Years active1932–1991
1935–1984 (acting)
StyleWestern
Spouse(s)Lucile Ascolese (1933–1936; divorced)
Grace Arline Wilkins (1936–1946; her death; 3 children, 1 adopted, 2 births)
Dale Evans (1947–1998; his death; 9 children jointly)

Roy Rogers (born Leonard Franklin Slye, November 5, 1911 – July 6, 1998) was an American singer and actor. He was one of the most popular Western stars of his era. Known as the "King of the Cowboys",[1] he appeared in over 100 films and numerous radio and television episodes of The Roy Rogers Show. In many of his films and television episodes, he appeared with his wife, Dale Evans; his golden palomino, Trigger; and his German shepherd, Bullet. His show was broadcast on radio for nine years and then on television from 1951 through 1957. His productions usually featured a sidekick, often Pat Brady, Andy Devine, George "Gabby" Hayes, or Smiley Burnette.[2] In his later years, Rogers lent his name to the franchise chain of Roy Rogers Restaurants.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    319 909
    56 868
    1 645
    15 735
    182 954
  • ✪ The Tragic Real-Life Story Of Roy Rogers | ⭐OSSA
  • ✪ Roy Rogers Movies Full Length Westerns Nevada City
  • ✪ Roy Rogers - Top 20 Highest Rated Movies
  • ✪ SOUTH OF SANTA FE - Roy Rogers, George 'Gabby' Hayes - Full Western Movie / English / HD / 720p
  • ✪ Roy Rogers & Dale Evans Biography - Happy Trails Theatre Feature HOME MOVIES

Transcription

We all know Roy Rogers as the "King of the Cowboys". He always smiled, sang and played the nice guy. Roy could not hide his infectious laughter and a great smile. Even after decades he still remains the true personification of a real cowboy. He really believed in all his values - truth, kindness, decency - and he lived that way, as near as man could. But what hid behind his smile? His first failed marriage, the tragic death of his second wife and the loss of his only son with his third wife. How did Roy Rogers manage to find enough strength to live on? He dreamed of being famous, but not as an actor. When he was 6, Roy firmly decided to become a doctor. But at the age of 17, he was forced to drop out of school and join his father in a Cincinnati shoe factory. Roy tried hard to study at night school, but the only thing he learned there was reading music. Soon after his short and unfortunate marriage with Lucile Ascolese, Roy met his second wife, Arline Wilkins. They married in 1936, after an intimate correspondence since the first meeting. Rogers' career was growing. They were happy together and dreamed of a large family Meanwhile, Arline learned she was infertile. They reconciled and decided to adopt. Only after 5 years of marriage did Roy and Arline's finances allow them to adopt a child, Cheryl Arline. Unexpectedly, they received a gift from the universe - Arline fell pregnant. Enlightened with a miraculous recovery, the couple decided to have another baby. But man proposes, God disposes. Unfortunately, this time it didn't go as smooth as planned. Six days after giving birth, Arline died of complications Rogers felt desolated and miserable for months. Roy met his third wife on a movie set only a couple of years before the tragedy. Evans starred in 26 picture and TV series as Rogers' leading partner. Dale became a rescue for Roy, after living through the lost of Arline Evans, in return, had been through 3 unhappy marriages and was blessed to find peace with Rogers. They fell in love soon after Arline's death and Rogers proposed to Dale during a rodeo show. Dale and Roy married at the end of 1947 on a ranch They merged their families, as Dale had a son, Tom Fox, from her first marriage and lived in San Fernando Valley. Once again, the doctors upset the Rogers family with a harsh diagnosis and discouraged their hopes for a baby. But soon after their second anniversary, Dale found out that she was having a child. Faith played hard on Roy again: Robin Elizabeth Rogers was born with mental retardation and a serious heart condition. She lived for only two years... Roy Rogers always found guts to live on and enjoy his life He indeed was a great man, who always kept his chin up, even in the hardest moments. Roy Rogers died just a couple of month before his 50th anniversary with Dale Evans. He left a great mark and his strong spirit continues to inspire even today. Thanks for watching. Click on the Ossa icon to subscribe to our YouTube channel.

Contents

Life and career

Early life

Roy was born Leonard Slye, the son of Mattie (née Womack) and Andrew "Andy" Slye in Cincinnati, Ohio.[3] The family lived in a tenement on 2nd Street, where Riverfront Stadium would later be constructed (Rogers later joked that he was born at second base).[3] Dissatisfied with his job and city life, Andy and his brother Will built a 12-by-50-foot (3.7 m × 15.2 m) houseboat from salvage lumber, and in July 1912 the Slye family traveled up the Ohio River towards Portsmouth.[3] Desiring a more stable existence in Portsmouth, they purchased land on which to build a house, but the Great Flood of 1913 allowed them to move the houseboat to their property and continue living in it on dry land.[3]

Rogers's boyhood home at Duck Run, near Lucasville, Ohio
Rogers's boyhood home at Duck Run, near Lucasville, Ohio

In 1919, the Slye family purchased a farm in Duck Run, near Lucasville, Ohio, about 12 miles (19 km) north of Portsmouth, and built a six-room house.[3] Andy Slye soon realized that the farm alone would not provide sufficient income for his family, so he took a job at a Portsmouth shoe factory, living in Portsmouth during the week and returning home on weekends, bearing gifts following paydays. A notable gift was a horse on which young Len Slye learned the basics of horsemanship.[3] Living on the farm with no radio, the family made their own entertainment. On Saturday nights, they often invited neighbors over for square dances, during which Len would sing, play mandolin, and call the square dances.[3] He also learned to yodel during this time, and his mother and he would use different yodels to communicate with each other across distances on the farm.[3]

Len attended high school in McDermott, Ohio,[3] but after he completed his second year there, his family returned to Cincinnati, where his father worked at another shoe factory.[3] Realizing that his family needed his financial help, Len quit school and joined his father at the factory.[3] He tried to attend night school, but after being ridiculed for falling asleep in class, he quit school and never returned.

By 1929, after his older sister Mary and her husband had moved to Lawndale, California, Len and his father quit their factory jobs, packed up their 1923 Dodge, and drove the family to California to visit Mary. They stayed for four months before returning to Ohio.[3] Soon after returning, Len had the opportunity to travel again to California with Mary's father-in-law, and the rest of the family followed in the spring of 1930. The Slye family rented a small house near Mary, and Len and his father found employment driving gravel trucks for a highway construction project.[3]

In the spring of 1931, after the construction company went bankrupt, Len traveled to Tulare, California, where he found work picking peaches for Del Monte.[3] During this time, he lived in a labor camp similar to those depicted in John Steinbeck's novel The Grapes of Wrath.[3] The economic hardship of the Great Depression was just as severe in California as it was in Ohio.

Len auditioned in 1931 on a radio show in Inglewood, California, and joined the short-lived singing group, the Rocky Mountaineers, who were superseded in 1933 by the O-Bar-O Cowboys. The singers toured New Mexico and Arizona on a shoestring in the heat of summer. Even finding food was a real challenge. While performing in Roswell, New Mexico, a caller to a radio station, Grace Arline Wilkins, promised Rogers that she would bake him a pie if he sang "The Swiss Yodel". Romance blossomed, and the couple married in Roswell in 1936. Arline died in childbirth a decade later, and Rogers subsequently wed Dale Evans.[4]

For a brief time in 1933, Lubbock, Texas, was headquarters for the O-Bar-O Cowboys. The Cowboys made little money performing at dances and little theaters in such places as Brownfield and Littlefield. The O-Bar-O Cowboys disbanded in Lubbock. Rogers and his associates, Bob Nolan and Tim Spencer, went on to organize the Sons of the Pioneers in 1934.[4]

Music career

After 19-year-old Len Slye's second arrival in Lawndale, his sister Mary suggested that he audition for the Midnight Frolic radio program, which was broadcast over KMCS in Inglewood. A few nights later, wearing a Western shirt that Mary had made for him, he overcame his shyness and appeared on the program playing guitar, singing, and yodeling.[3] A few days later, he was asked to join a local country music group, the Rocky Mountaineers.[3] He accepted the group's offer and became a member in August 1931.[3][5]

By September 1931, Slye hired the Canadian-born Bob Nolan, who answered the group's classified ad in the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner that read, "Yodeler for old-time act, to travel. Tenor preferred." Nolan stayed with the group only a short time, but Len and he stayed in touch. Nolan was replaced by Tim Spencer.[6]

In the spring of 1932, Slye, Spencer, and another singer, Slumber Nichols, left the Rocky Mountaineers to form a trio, which soon failed. Throughout that year, Slye and Spencer moved through a series of short-lived groups, including the International Cowboys and the O-Bar-O Cowboys. When Spencer left the O-Bar-O Cowboys to take a break from music, Slye joined Jack LeFevre and His Texas Outlaws, who were a popular act on a local Los Angeles radio station.[7]

In early 1933, Slye, Nolan, and Spencer formed the Pioneers Trio, with Slye on guitar, Nolan on string bass, and Spencer as lead vocalist. The three rehearsed for weeks refining their vocal harmonies. During this time, Slye continued to work with his radio singing group, while Spencer and Nolan began writing songs for the trio.[6] In early 1934, the fiddle player Hugh Farr joined the group, adding a bass voice to their vocal arrangements. Later that year, the Pioneers Trio became the Sons of the Pioneers when a radio station announcer changed their name because he felt they were too young to be pioneers. The name was received well and fit the group, which was no longer a trio.[6]

By the summer of 1934, the popularity and fame of the Sons of the Pioneers extended beyond the Los Angeles area and quickly spread across the country through short syndicated radio segments that were later rebroadcast across the United States. The Sons of the Pioneers signed a recording contract with the newly founded Decca label and made their first commercial recording on August 8, 1934.[6] One of the first songs recorded during that first session was "Tumbling Tumbleweeds", written by Bob Nolan. Over the next two years, the Sons of the Pioneers recorded 32 songs for Decca, including the classic "Cool Water".[8]

Film career

Lynne Roberts and Rogers in Billy the Kid Returns, 1938
Lynne Roberts and Rogers in Billy the Kid Returns, 1938

From his first film appearance in 1935, Slye worked steadily in Western films, including a large supporting role as a singing cowboy while still billed as Leonard Slye in a Gene Autry movie. In 1938, Autry demanded more money for his work, and there was a competition for a new singing cowboy. Many singers sought the job, including Willie Phelps of the Phelps brothers, who appeared in early Western movies. Slye ended up winning the contest and was given the stage name Roy Rogers by Republic Pictures, suggesting the western-sounding name Roy and combining it with the surname of the popular western comic entertainer Will Rogers. He was assigned the leading role in Under Western Stars. Rogers became a matinee idol, a competitor with Autry as the nation's favorite singing cowboy. In addition to his own movies, Rogers played a supporting role in the John Wayne classic Dark Command (1940), which also featured one of Rogers' future sidekicks, George "Gabby" Hayes. Rogers became a major box-office attraction. Unlike other stars, the vast majority of his leading roles allowed him to play a character with his own name, in the manner of Gene Autry.[9]

Publicity photo of Rogers and Mary Hart for Shine On, Harvest Moon, 1938
Publicity photo of Rogers and Mary Hart for Shine On, Harvest Moon, 1938

In the Motion Picture Herald Top Ten Money-Making Western Stars poll, Rogers was listed for 16 consecutive years, from 1939 to 1954, holding first place from 1943 to 1954 until the poll ceased.[10] He appeared in the similar BoxOffice poll from 1938 to 1955, holding first place from 1943 to 1952. In the final three years of that poll, he was second only to Randolph Scott.[11] These two polls are only an indication of the popularity of series stars, but Rogers also appeared in the Top Ten Money Making Stars Poll of all films in 1945 and 1946.[12] Rogers was an idol for many children through his films and television shows. Most of his postwar films were in Trucolor during an era when almost all other B westerns were black and white. Some of his movies would segue into animal adventures, in which Rogers's horse, Trigger, would go off on his own for a while with the camera following him. With money from Rogers's films and from his public appearances going to Republic Pictures, Rogers brought a clause into a 1940 contract with the studio where he would have the right to his likeness, voice, and name for merchandising.[13] There were Roy Rogers action figures, cowboy adventure novels, and playsets, as well as a comic strip, a long-lived Dell Comics comic book series (Roy Rogers Comics) written by Gaylord Du Bois, and a variety of marketing successes. Rogers was second only to Walt Disney in the number of items featuring his name.[14] The Sons of the Pioneers continued their popularity and have not stopped performing from the time Rogers started the group, replacing members as they retired or died (all original members are dead). Although Rogers was no longer an active member, they often appeared as his backup group in films, radio, and television, and he would occasionally appear with them in performances up until his death. Rogers met Dale Evans in 1944 when they were cast in a film together. Rogers and Evans were well known as advocates for adoption and as founders and operators of children's charities. They adopted several children. Both were outspoken Christians after their marriage.[15] Beginning in 1949, they were part of the Hollywood Christian Group, founded by their friend Louis Evans, Jr., the organizing pastor of Bel Air Church.[16] The group met in Henrietta Mears's home and later in the home of Evans and Colleen Townsend, after their marriage. Billy Graham and Jane Russell were also part of this group. In 1956, the Hollywood Christian Group became Bel Air Church. In Apple Valley, California, where they made their home, streets, highways, and civic buildings have been named after them in recognition of their efforts on behalf of homeless and handicapped children. Rogers was also an active Freemason and a Shriner and was noted for his support of their charities.

Publicity photo of Rogers and Gail Davis, 1948
Publicity photo of Rogers and Gail Davis, 1948

Rogers and Evans's famous theme song, "Happy Trails", was written by Evans; they sang it as a duet to sign off their television show. In the fall of 1962, the couple co-hosted a comedy-Western-variety program, The Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Show, aired on ABC. It was cancelled after three months, losing in the ratings to The Jackie Gleason Show on CBS. He also made numerous cameo or guest appearances on other popular television shows, starring as himself or other cowboy-type characters, such as in an episode of Wonder Woman called "The Bushwackers".[17] Rogers owned a Hollywood production company, which produced his own series. It also filmed other undertakings, including the 1955–1956 CBS Western series Brave Eagle, starring Keith Larsen as a young, peaceful Cheyenne chief, Kim Winona as Morning Star, his romantic interest, and the Hopi Indian Anthony Numkena as Keena, Brave Eagle's foster son. In 1968, Rogers licensed his name to the Marriott corporation, which converted its Hot Shoppes restaurants into Roy Rogers Restaurants, with which Rogers otherwise had no involvement. Rogers owned a thoroughbred racehorse named Triggairo, that won 13 career races, including the 1975 El Encino Stakes at Santa Anita Park.[18] Rogers returned to Lubbock in 1970 to headline the Texas Tech University Intercollegiate Rodeo with his wife and co-star Dale Evans. In 1975, his last motion picture, Macintosh and T.J. was filmed at the 6666 Ranch in King County, 90 miles east of Lubbock and near the O- Bar-O Ranch in Kent County.[4]

Personal life

Rogers and Dale Evans at Knott's Berry Farm in the 1970s
Rogers and Dale Evans at Knott's Berry Farm in the 1970s

In 1932, a palomino colt foaled in California was named "Golden Cloud"; when Rogers acquired him, he renamed him Trigger. In 1932, Rogers met an admirer named Lucile Ascolese. They were married in 1933 by a justice of the peace in Los Angeles; the marriage failed, and the couple divorced in 1936.[19] Rogers then went on tour with the O-Bar-O Cowboys and in June 1933 met Grace Arline Wilkins at a Roswell, New Mexico, radio station. They were married in Roswell on June 11, 1936, after having corresponded since their first meeting.[20] In 1941, the couple adopted a daughter, Cheryl Darlene. Two years later, Grace gave birth to a daughter, Linda Lou. A son, Roy, Jr. ("Dusty"), was born in 1946. Grace died of complications from the birth a few days later, on November 3.

Rogers met Dale Evans in 1944 when they were cast in a film together. They fell in love soon after Grace's death, and Rogers proposed to her during a rodeo at Chicago Stadium. They married on New Year's Eve in 1947 at the Flying L Ranch in Davis, Oklahoma, where they had filmed Home in Oklahoma a few months earlier. Together they had five children: Robin Elizabeth, who had Down syndrome and died of complications with mumps shortly before her second birthday, and four adopted children—Mimi, Dodie, Sandy, and Debbie.[citation needed] Evans wrote about the loss of their daughter in her book Angel Unaware. Rogers and Evans remained married until his death.[20]

In 1955, Rogers and Evans purchased a 168-acre (68 ha) ranch near Chatsworth, California, complete with a hilltop ranch house,[21] expanding it to 300 acres (121 ha).[22][23] After their adopted daughter Debbie was killed in a church bus accident in 1964, they moved to the 67-acre (27 ha) Double R Bar Ranch in Apple Valley, California, living in the nearby town.[24][25]

Rogers was a Freemason and a member of Hollywood (California) Lodge No. 355, the Scottish Rite Valley of Los Angeles, and Al Malaikah Shrine Temple.[26] He was also a pilot and the owner of a Cessna Bobcat.[27]

Death

Rogers died of congestive heart failure on July 6, 1998 in Apple Valley, California. Rogers was buried at Sunset Hills Memorial Park in Apple Valley, as was his wife Dale Evans three years later.[28][29][30]

Honors and awards

Rogers performing at Knott's Berry Farm
Rogers performing at Knott's Berry Farm

On February 8, 1960, Roy Rogers was honored with three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame: for Motion Pictures at 1752 Vine Street, for Television at 1620 Vine Street, and for Radio at 1733 Vine Street.[31] In 1983 he was awarded the Golden Boot Award,[32] and in 1996 he received the Golden Boot Founder's Award.[32]

In 1967 Rogers, with Chocktaw blood on his mother's side, was named outstanding Indian citizen of the year by a group of Western tribes.[33]

In 1976, Rogers and Evans were inducted into the Western Performers Hall of Fame at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and in 1995 he was inducted again as a founding member of the Sons of the Pioneers.[34]

Rogers received recognition from the State of Arkansas, appointed by the governor of that state with an Arkansas Traveler certificate.[35]

Rogers was also twice elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame, first as a member of the Sons of the Pioneers in 1980, and again as a soloist in 1988. As of July 2013, he was the only person elected to the Country Music Hall of Fame twice.[36] In 2001, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to him and Dale Evans.[37]

Rogers' cultural influence is reflected in numerous songs, including "If I Had a Boat" by Lyle Lovett, "Roy Rogers" by Elton John on his 1973 album Goodbye Yellow Brick Road, and "Should've Been a Cowboy" by Toby Keith. Rogers himself makes an appearance in the music video for the song "Heroes and Friends" by Randy Travis. Rogers is referenced in numerous films, including Die Hard (1988) in which the Bruce Willis character John McClane used the pseudonym "Roy" and remarks, "I was always kinda partial to Roy Rogers actually." In the television series American Dad!, the character Roger uses "Roy Rogers" as a pseudonym in the episode "Roy Rogers McFreely". In the movie "City Slickers", the Jack Palance character Curly, sings the song "Tumbling Tumbleweeds" while the Billy Crystal character Mitch is playing the harmonica.

Filmography

Box office ranking

For a number of years exhibitors voted Rogers among the most popular stars in the country:

  • 1942 – 2nd most popular Western star (following Gene Autry)[38]
  • 1943 – most popular Western star
  • 1944 – 24th most popular star in the U.S.; most popular Western star[39]
  • 1945 – most popular Western star;[40] 10th most popular star[41]
  • 1946 – 10th most popular star in the US; most popular Western star
  • 1947 – 12th most popular star in the US; most popular Western star
  • 1948 – 17th most popular star in the US; most popular Western star[42]
  • 1949 – 18th most popular star in the US; most popular Western star
  • 1950 – 19th (US);[43] most popular Western star
  • 1951 – most popular Western star
  • 1952 – most popular Western star (for the 10th year in a row)[44]

Discography

Charted albums

Year Title Chart peak Label
US Country US
1970 The Country Side of Roy Rogers 40 Capitol
1971 A Man from Duck Run 34
1975 Happy Trails to You 35 20th Century
1991 Tribute 17 113 RCA

Charted singles

Year Title Chart peak Album
US Country CAN Country
1946 "A Little White Cross on the Hill" 7 Singles only
1947 "My Chickashay Gal" 4
1948 "Blue Shadows on the Trail"
(Roy Rogers and the Sons of the Pioneers)
6
"(There'll Never Be Another) Pecos Bill"
(Roy Rogers and the Sons of the Pioneers)
13
1950 "Stampede" 8
1970 "Money Can't Buy Love" 35 The Country Side of Roy Rogers
1971 "Lovenworth" 12 33 A Man from Duck Run
"Happy Anniversary" 47
1972 "These Are the Good Old Days" 73 Single only
1974 "Hoppy, Gene and Me"A 15 12 Happy Trails to You
1980 "Ride Concrete Cowboy, Ride"
(Roy Rogers and the Sons of the Pioneers)
80 Smokey & the Bandit II (soundtrack)
1991 "Hold on Partner" (w/ Clint Black) 42 48 Tribute
  • A"Hoppy, Gene and Me" also peaked at number 65 on the Billboard Hot 100[45] and number 38 on the RPM Adult Contemporary Tracks chart in Canada.

Music videos

Year Title Director
1991 "Hold on Partner" (with Clint Black) Jack Cole

Popular songs recorded by Rogers

Publicity photo of Rogers and Trigger
Publicity photo of Rogers and Trigger
  • "Don't Fence Me In"
  • "Hold That Critter Down"
  • "Little White Cross on the Hill"
  • "One More Ride"
  • "Ride Ranger Ride"
  • "That Pioneer Mother of Mine"
  • "Tumbling Tumbleweeds"
  • "Way Out There" (singing and yodeling)
  • "Why, Oh Why, Did I Ever Leave Wyoming?"
  • "Hold On Partner" (duet with Clint Black)
  • "Happy Trails"

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ "News from California, the nation and world". Los Angeles Times.
  2. ^ Template:Cite news the
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Zwisohn, Laurence. "Happy Trails: The Life of Roy Rogers". RoyRogers.com. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Chuck Lanehart (March 9, 2019). "Caprock Chronicles: The King of the Cowboys: Roy Rogers' Hungry Life on the Llano Estacado". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  5. ^ Green, p. 74.
  6. ^ a b c d "Sons of the Pioneers". Country Music Television. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  7. ^ Green, p. 75.
  8. ^ "Sons of the Pioneers". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved August 27, 2011.
  9. ^ "Roy Rogers".
  10. ^ Hardy, Phil (1984). The Encyclopedia of Western Movies. Minneapolis: Woodbury Press. ISBN 978-0-8300-0405-8.
  11. ^ "Motion Picture Herald and Boxoffice Polls". B-westerns.com. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
  12. ^ "Top Ten Money Making Stars". Quigleypublishing.com. Archived from the original on 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2013-08-09.
  13. ^ Phillips, p. 38.
  14. ^ Enss and Kazanjian, p. 132.
  15. ^ Miller Davis, Elise (1955). The Answer Is God. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 104–112. LCCN 55009539.
  16. ^ "Fuller Seminary: The Original Five". www.seekgod.ca. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  17. ^ "Wonder Woman: Pilot: The New Original Wonder Woman". Thewb.com. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
  18. ^ "Triggairo Horse Pedigree". Pedigree Online Thoroughbred Database. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
  19. ^ O'Neal, Bill; Goodwin, Fred (2001). The Sons of the Pioneers. Ft. Worth, Texas: Eakin Press. p. 10.
  20. ^ a b Phillips, pp. 13–15.
  21. ^ "Roy Rogers' 'Happy Trails' led to San Fernando Valley's Chatsworth". 5 November 2011.
  22. ^ WILLMAN, MARTHA L. (7 July 1998). "Rogers' House a Chatsworth Landmark" – via LA Times.
  23. ^ Cowboy, Drifting (5 February 2012). "A drifting cowboy: Double R Bar Ranch -- Roy Rogers' Chatsworth Home".
  24. ^ "Roy Rogers' Ranch Sold at Auction". 17 July 2012.
  25. ^ Beale, Lauren (April 15, 2019). "Time to round up a buyer for Roy Rogers' old ranch in Victorville". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  26. ^ "Famous Masons". MWGLNY. January 2014. Archived from the original on 2013-11-10.
  27. ^ "A Plane Crazy America". AOPA Pilot: 79. May 2014.
  28. ^ Brooks, Patricia; Brooks, Jonathan (2006). "Chapter 8: East L.A. and the Desert". Laid to Rest in California: A Guide to the Cemeteries and Grave Sites of the Rich and Famous. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press. pp. 235–7. ISBN 978-0762741014. OCLC 70284362.
  29. ^ Jasinski, Laurie E. (February 22, 2012). "Handbook of Texas Music". Texas A&M University Press – via Google Books.
  30. ^ Severo, Richard. "Roy Rogers, Singing Cowboy, Dies at 86". The New York Times (7 July 1998). Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  31. ^ "Hollywood Star Walk: Roy Rogers". Los Angeles Times. July 7, 1998. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  32. ^ a b "Legacy". Golden Boot Awards. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  33. ^ {cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/1998/07/07/arts/roy-rogers-singing-cowboy-dies-at-86.html}
  34. ^ "Great Western Performers". National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  35. ^ Rhodes, Sunny (July 1, 2016). "Historical Gems: History of the Arkansas Traveler". AY Magazine.
  36. ^ "Roy Rogers". Country Music Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  37. ^ "Palm Springs Walk of Stars" (PDF). Palm Springs Walk of Stars. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 13, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  38. ^ "The Screen's First Money-Spinneks for 1942". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 27 February 1943. p. 6, The Argus Week-end Magazine. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  39. ^ "Bing Crosby America's Screen Favourite". The Argus. Melbourne: National Library of Australia. 24 March 1945. p. 8, The Argus Week-end Magazine. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  40. ^ "Film Cable From Hollywood". Sunday Times. Perth: National Library of Australia. 2 December 1945. p. 5, Sunday Times Comics. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  41. ^ "Box Office Stars". The News. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 28 December 1945. p. 1. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  42. ^ "The Box Office Draw". Goulburn Evening Post. New South Wales: National Library of Australia. 31 December 1948. p. 3, daily and evening edition. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  43. ^ "Filmdom Ranks Its Money-Spinning Stars Best at Box-Office". Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 30 March 1950. p. 12. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  44. ^ "Comedians Top Films Poll". The Advocate. Burnie, Tasmania: National Library of Australia. 27 December 1952. p. 2. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  45. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2011). Top Pop Singles 1955–2010. Record Research, Inc. p. 762. ISBN 0-89820-188-8.
Bibliography
  • Enss, Chris; Kazanjian, Howard (2005). The Cowboy and the Senorita. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press. ISBN 978-0762738304.
  • Green, Douglas B. (2002). Singing in the Saddle: The History of the Singing Cowboy. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press. ISBN 978-0826514127.
  • Kazanjian, Howard (2005). Happy Trails: A Pictorial Celebration ... Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press. ISBN 978-0762730896.
  • Pando, Leo (2007). An Illustrated History of Trigger, The Lives and Legend of Roy Rogers' Palomino. McFarland Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7864-6111-0.
  • Phillips, Robert W. (1995). Roy Rogers: A Biography. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-0899509372.
  • Rogers, Roy; Evans, Dale (1994). Happy Trails: Our Life Story. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0671897147.
  • Rogers, Roy; Evans, Dale; Stowers, Carlton (1979). Happy Trails: The Story of Roy Rogers and Dale Evans. Waco, Texas: Word Books. ISBN 978-0849900860.
  • Rogers, Roy; Morris, Georgia (1994). Roy Rogers: King of the Cowboys. New York: Collins Publishers. ISBN 978-0002553346.
  • Zwisohn, Laurence (1998). Paul Kingsbury (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Country Music. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 456–57. ISBN 978-0195116717.

External links

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