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Roscoe Robinson Jr.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Roscoe Robinson Jr.
Roscoe Robinson2.jpg
General Roscoe Robinson Jr.
Born(1928-10-11)October 11, 1928
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
DiedJuly 22, 1993(1993-07-22) (aged 64)
AllegianceUnited States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Commands held 82nd Airborne Division
Battles/warsKorean War
Vietnam War
U.S. Army Distinguished Service Medal ribbon.svg
Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star Medal ribbon.svg
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg
Legion of Merit (3)
Bronze Star Medal ribbon.svg
Bronze Star
Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon.svg
Distinguished Flying Cross
Air Medal ribbon.svg
Air Medal (11)
Combat Infantry Badge 2nd Award

Roscoe Robinson Jr. (October 11, 1928 – July 22, 1993) was the first African American to become a four-star general in the United States Army. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, he attended St. Louis University for only a year and then transferred to the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1947. He graduated with a degree in military engineering in 1951. He received the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit, and the Distinguished Flying Cross.

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>> C.Q. Brown, Deputy Commander for U.S. Central Command: My father is retired Army and we've moved all around and so I left Texas in, 6th grade was last time I'd lived there. I went to high school in Virginia and I knew I wanted to come back to Texas, probably because I knew my parents would move before I graduated from college and Texas Tech, I wanted to be an architect, and I pursued a dual degree program (in) Architecture and Civil Engineering, and of the schools that I looked at, Texas Tech was the only one that had an established dual degree program. And so, I basically came here sight unseen. I came for freshman orientation and then started classes about two weeks later. So, naturally Air Force ROTC. I was here on a scholarship, so I did that for the entire four years I was here. I was a member, and still am a member, of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity. I also did freshman orientation and then I was also a resident assistant in Gordon Hall. I stayed in Gordon Hall the entire time was here. I have some very fond memories of being here at Texas Tech. Carol of Lights. Where the Southwest Conference circle used to be, you know, over there by the athletic facility, they had the big bonfire during homecoming. I was in the Sabre Flight Drill Team, which is also part of ROTC, so we marched during homecoming and of course, the football games and basketball games. Those kinds of things I definitely would attend. Probably my favorite was when I was a freshman. We beat Texas, 24 to 20. I mean, I remember the score. Campus was pretty fired up about it. They kept the scoreboard lit up, you know, over night through Sunday. That was a pretty big deal. We do all the military operations, deployment of forces, engaging with our partners in the region, and so in my role, I kind of really back up my my boss, my commander. And in that, I spent a lot of time working with our partners in the region, out the Middle East, so from, the area that we're responsible goes from Egypt, all the way to Pakistan. The Arabian Peninsula, all the way up to the Central Asian states. It really gives a better way for our graduates of Texas Tech, that are also military members and veterans, to better connect with university. When I graduated, and, you know, having attended an event just like this when I was here at Texas Tech, and looking to where I am today, you know, talking about leadership and how to prepare, really our nation's future, to prepare them and maybe give them some things to think about. Not only the folks that are going to, the cadets, but also the other students that will be there because it's a very dynamic world out there and I think leadership is important. you


Robinson as a West Point cadet
Robinson as a West Point cadet

After graduating, Robinson served in the Korean War in 1952 as a platoon leader and rifle company commander. For his actions he received the Bronze Star. Sent back to the United States a year later he became an instructor in the Airborne Department of the United States Army Infantry School. He then went on to graduate from the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1963. The following year he received his master's degree from the University of Pittsburgh in international affairs.

In 1967 he served as battalion commander in Vietnam. For his achievements there he received the Legion of Merit, the Distinguished Flying Cross, 11 Air Medals, and two Silver Stars.

After Vietnam he served at the National War College for three years as the executive officer to the Chief of Staff. He was promoted to Brigadier General and in 1975 became Commanding General of the United States Army Garrison, Okinawa. In 1976 he was promoted to Major General and assigned to command the 82nd Airborne Division at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. General Robinson was the first African-American to command the 82nd Airborne Division.

His final assignment was as U.S. Military Representative to the NATO Military Committee from 1982–1985. After he had completed 34 years of service to the U.S. military he retired in 1985. He was then awarded with the Defense Distinguished Service Medal and two Distinguished Service Medals.

After his retirement, he was asked to look over a panel of people who were examining the Korean War performance of some highly criticized army units. He also served on the board of Northwest Airlines. After a battle with leukemia, Robinson died on July 22, 1993, at the age of 64, and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.[1] In April 2000, there was a ceremony and a dedication at West Point for a new auditorium, named the "General Roscoe Robinson Jr. Auditorium" in his honor. The Roscoe Robinson Health Clinic at Womack Army Medical Center at Fort Bragg is also named in his honor.[2]


External links

  • "Roscoe Robinson Jr". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
This page was last edited on 26 June 2019, at 02:48
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