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Roman Catholic Diocese of Lescar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Lescar (Latin: Dioecesis Lascurrensis; French: Diocèse de Lescar; Basque: Leskarreko elizbarrutia), in south-western France, was founded in the fifth century, and continued until 1790. It was originally part of the Province of Novempopulania, and Lescar held the seventh place among the cities. Its see was the Cathedral of the Assumption in Lescar, begun in 1120; the crypt of the cathedral was also the mausoleum of the family of Albret in the 16th century.[1]

The bishopric was suppressed by the Legislative Assembly during the French Revolution , in the Civil Constitution of the Clergy in September 1790, as part of a systematic effort to eliminate redundant bishoprics in France.[2] By the Concordat of 1801, struck by First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII, the diocese of Lescar was not revived, and the territory of the diocese was divided between the diocese of Agen and the diocese of Bayonne.[3]

Bishops of Lescar

to 1200

  • ? c. 506: Saint Julien I.[4]
  • c. 506?: Galactorius of Lescar[5]
  • c. 585: Sabinus or Savin[6]
  • c. 680: Julien II.
  • c. 731: Julien III.
  • c. 841: Spaleus
  • 841–1059: Vacant
  • c. 1059: Raymond I. le Vieux
  • 1061–1072: Gregor
  • 1075–1080: Bernard I.
  • 1095–1115: Sanche I.
  • 1115–1141: Gui or Guido de Loth (Guy de Lons)
  • 1147–1154: Raymond II. d'Assade
  • c. 1168: Eudes I. or Odon
  • c. 1170: Guillaume I.
  • c. 1180: Sanche II. Aner or Sanzanier de Gerderest

1200 to 1400

  • c. 1200: Bertrand I.
  • 1205–1213: Arsias
  • c. 1220: Raymond III. de Bénac
  • c. 1231: Sanctius
  • 1247–1268: Bertrand II. de La Mothe
  • 1269–1292: Arnaud I. de Morlanne (or de Morlaas)
  • 1293–1301: Raymond IV. Auger
  • 1303–1320: Arnaud II. d'Arbus
  • 1320–1321: Guillaume II.
  • 1321–1325: Arnaud III. de Saut
  • 1326–1348: Raymond V. d'Andoins
  • 1348–1352: Arnaud IV.
  • 1352–1361: Guillaume III. d'Andoins
  • 1362–1368: Bernard II.
  • 1368–1401: Eudes II.

1400 to 1600

  • 1402–1404: Jean I. (Avignon Obedience)
  • 1405–1422: Cardinal Pierre de Foix (Appointed by Alexander V)[7]
  • 1425–1428: Arnaud V. de Salies or Salinis
  • 1428–1433: Arnaud VI. d'Abadie
  • 1453–1460: Pierre II. de Foix
  • 1460–1475: Jean II. de Lévis
  • 1481–1492: Robert d'Épinay
  • 1513–1515: Cardinal Amanieu d'Albret
  • 1518–1525: Jean III. de La Salle
  • 1525–1530: Paul de Béarn (or de Foix)
  • 1532–1553: Jacques de Foix[8]
  • 1554–1555: Jean IV. de Capdeville
  • 1555: Cardinal Georges d'Armagnac, Administrator[9]
  • 1555–1569: Louis d'Albret[10]
  • 1575–1590: Jean V.

1600 to 1800

  • 1600–1609: Jean-Pierre d'Abadie
  • 1609–1632: Jean VI. de Salettes
  • 1632–1658: Jean-Henri de Salettes
  • 1658–1681: Jean VII. du Haut de Salies
  • 1681–1716: Dominique Deslaux de Mesplès[11]
  • 1716–1729: Martin de Lacassaigne
  • 1730–1762: Hardouin de Châlons
  • 1763–1790 (1801): Marc-Antoine de Noé

See also


  1. ^ Gallia christiana I (1715), pp. 1283-1284.
  2. ^ Ludovic Sciout (1872). Historie de la constitution civile du clergé (1790-1801) ... (in French). Tome I. Paris: Firmin Didot frères, fils et cie. pp. 204–208. Em Sevestre; Émile Sévestre (1905). L'histoire, le texte et la destinée du Concordat de 1801 (in French). Paris: Lethielleux. pp. 238–249, 488, 496.
  3. ^ Lescar (Diocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]
  4. ^ The old prayer book (Breviarium) of the diocese of Lescar states that Julianus was a deacon of the Church of Trier, who was consecrated a bishop by St. Leontius of Trier (died 19 February 446, according to Gams, p. 318). The editors of Gallia christiana (I, p. 1285) argue that Julianus belongs at the beginning of the fourth century. The Breviarium says that Leontius was a native of Aquitaine, which may be a fact or a wish. Victor Pierre Dubarat (1891). Le bréviaire de Lescar de 1541: réédité avec une introduction et des notes sur nos anciennes liturgies locales (in French and Latin). Pau: L. Ribaut. pp. xvi-xviii and 165–168. The Martyrologicum Gallicanum (quoted by Dubarat at p. xviii) also says that Julian took part in the Council of Orange in 441. The name Julius does appear, but no bishopric is named: J. Sirmond, Conciliorum Galliae Collectio I (Paris 1789), pp. 461-462.
  5. ^ Galactorius was present at the First Council of Agde in 506, signing as Bishop of Béarn (de Benarno): J. Sirmond Conciliorum Galliae Collectio (Paris 1789), I, p. 799. Gallia christiana I, p. 1285.
  6. ^ Savinus subscribed as Bishop of Béarn (de Benarno) in the Council of Macon in 585. Duchesne, II, p. 100.
  7. ^ Eubel, I, p. 295.
  8. ^ Bishop Jacques de Foix was a firm supporter of Henri IV, became his Chancellor for Foix and Béarn, and was his President of the Estates of Béarn. Jonathan Reid (2009). King's Sister – Queen of Dissent: Marguerite of Navarre (1492-1549) and her Evangelical Network. Volume I. Boston-Leiden: Brill. pp. 521–523. ISBN 978-90-474-2843-5. |volume= has extra text (help) Labu, pp. 137-143.
  9. ^ Eubel, III, p. 219. Du Tems, I, p. 550. Gallia christiana, I, p. 1298.
  10. ^ Albret's Bulls were approved by Pope Julius III on 25 January 1555: Eubel, III, p. 219. He was accused of heresy and expelled in 1569: Du Tems, I, p. 550
  11. ^ Dominique Deslaux de Mesplès had been married, had a family, and was a municipal magistrate in Pau, and President of the Parliament of Navarre. When his wife died, he entered the priesthood. He was nominated bishop by Louis XIV on 31 May 1681, and granted his bulls by Pope Innocent XI on 1 December 1681. Ritzler, V, p. 237 and n. 3.


Reference books


This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 10:17
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