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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Archdiocese of Mexico

Archidioecesis Mexicanensis

Arquidiócesis de México
Escudo de la Arquidiócesis de México.png
Coat of Arms of the Archdiocese of Mexico
Location
CountryMexico
Ecclesiastical provinceMexico City (formerly the Federal District)
Statistics
Area799.8 km2 (308.8 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics (including non-members)
(as of 2019)
5,265,309
4,212,247 (80%)
Parishes307
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
RiteRoman Rite
Established2 September 1530 (491 years ago)
CathedralMetropolitan Cathedral of the Assumption of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary into Heavens
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
Metropolitan ArchbishopCarlos Aguiar Retes
Auxiliary Bishops
  • Rogelio Esquivel Medina
  • Salvador González Morales
  • Carlos Enrique Samaniego López
  • Luis Manuel Pérez Raygoza
  • Héctor Mario Pérez Villareal
Bishops emeritus
Map
Arquidiócesis de México.svg
Website
www.arquidiocesismexico.org.mx

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mexico (Latin: Archidioecesis Mexicanensis) is a metropolitan diocese of the Catholic Church that is situated in Mexico City, Mexico. It was erected as a diocese on 2 September 1530 and elevated to an archdiocese on 12 February 1546.[1][2] The archdiocese is one of the largest in the world, with over four million Catholics, surpassed only by Guadalajara, São Paulo and Milan.

Prior to 2019, the archdiocese was the largest in the world, with nearly 8 million Catholics. In September 2019, Pope Francis approved the division of the archdiocese, erecting three new suffragan dioceses from its territory: Azcapotzalco, Iztapalapa, and Xochimilco.[3] Today, the Archdiocese’s territory comprises most of Mexico City, with the exception of the three new dioceses, each of which is coextensive with its eponymous borough.

The seat of the Archdiocese is the Metropolitan Cathedral in Mexico City.

Bishops

Ordinaries

No. Name From Until
1 Juan de Zumárraga, O.F.M. August 20, 1530 June 3, 1548
2 Alonso de Montúfar, O.P. October 5, 1551 March 7, 1572
3 Pedro Moya de Contreras June 17, 1573 December 7, 1591
4 Alfonso Fernández de Bonilla May 22, 1592 1600
5 García de Santa María Mendoza y Zúñiga, O.S.H. February 12, 1601 October 5, 1606
6 García Guerra, O.P. December 3, 1607 February 22, 1612
7 Juan Pérez de la Serna May 13, 1613 July 19, 1627
8 Francisco de Manso Zuñiga y Sola August 9, 1627 July 20, 1634
9 Francisco Verdugo Cabrera September 9, 1636 ?
10 Feliciano de la Vega Padilla March 22, 1639 December 1640
11 Juan de Mañozca y Zamora November 16, 1643 December 12, 1650
12 Marcelo Lopez de Azcona April 29, 1652 November 10, 1654
13 Mateo de Sagade de Bugueyro September 19, 1655 June 1664
14 Juan Alonso de Cuevas y Davalos April 28, 1664 September 2, 1665
15 Marcos Ramírez de Prado y Ovando, O.F.M. December 15, 1666 March 14, 1667
16 Payo Enríquez de Rivera, O.S.A. September 17, 1668 June 30, 1681
17 Francisco de Aguiar y Seijas y Ulloa August 20, 1682 August 16, 1698
18 Juan de Ortega Cano Montañez y Patiño 1699 December 16, 1708
19 José Pérez de Lanciego Eguiluz y Mirafuentes, O.S.B. March 21, 1714 January 25, 1728
20 Manuel José de Hendaya y Haro 1728 1729
21 Juan Antonio de Vizarrón y Eguiarreta July 24, 1730 January 25, 1747
22 Manuel José Rubio y Salinas January 29, 1748 July 3, 1765
23 Francisco Antonio de Lorenzana y Butrón April 14, 1766 August 22, 1771
24 Alonso Núñez de Haro y Peralta March 30, 1772 May 26, 1800
25 Francisco Javier de Lizana y Beaumont May 24, 1802 January 1, 1815
26 Pedro José de Fonte y Hernández Miravete September 4, 1815 December 28, 1837
27 Manuel Posada y Garduño December 23, 1839 April 30, 1846
28 José Lázaro de la Garza y Ballesteros September 30, 1850 March 11, 1862
29 Pelagio Antonio de Labastida y Dávalos March 19, 1863 February 4, 1891
30 Próspero María Alarcón y Sánchez de la Barquera December 17, 1891 March 29, 1908
31 José Mora y del Rio December 2, 1908 April 22, 1928
32 Pascual Díaz y Barreto, S.J. June 25, 1929 May 19, 1936
33 Luis María Martínez y Rodríguez February 20, 1937 February 9, 1956
34 Miguel Darío Miranda y Gómez June 28, 1956 July 19, 1977
35 Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada July 19, 1977 September 29, 1994
36 Norberto Rivera Carrera June 13, 1995 December 7, 2017
37 Carlos Aguiar Retes December 7, 2017 present

Ordinaries who became Cardinals:

Coadjutor archbishop

Current auxiliary bishops

Metropolitan Cathedral in Mexico City
Metropolitan Cathedral in Mexico City
  • Rogelio Esquivel Medina (appointed 27 June 2001)
  • Salvador González Morales (appointed 16 February 2019)
  • Carlos Enrique Samaniego López (appointed 16 February 2019)
  • Luis Manuel Pérez Raygoza (appointed 25 January 2020)
  • Héctor Mario Pérez Villarreal (appointed 25 January 2020)

Former auxiliary bishops

  • Juan Manuel de Irrizarri y Peralta (27 April 1840 – 27 March 1849)
  • Maximino Ruiz y Flores (8 March 1920 – 11 May 1949)
  • Francisco Orozco Lomelín (19 March 1952 – 17 October 1990)
  • José Villalón Mercado (1 April 1952 – 12 September 1977)
  • Alfredo Torres Romero (30 December 1967 – 4 January 1975), appointed Coadjutor Bishop of Aguascalientes
  • Luis Mena Arroyo (13 July 1961 - 1 September 1964), appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Chihuahua; returned here as Auxiliary Bishop (27 July 1979 – 9 September 1995), with personal title of Archbishop
  • Jorge Martínez Martínez (5 June 1971 – 1 August 1994)
  • Javier Lozano Barragán (5 June 1979 – 28 October 1984), appointed Bishop of Zacatecas; future Cardinal
  • Francisco María Aguilera González (5 June 1979 – 12 January 1996)
  • Carlos Talavera Ramírez (15 January 1980 – 14 March 1984), appointed Bishop of Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz
  • Genaro Alamilla Arteaga (26 January 1980 – 10 October 1989)
  • Ricardo Watty Urquidi, M.Sp.S. (27 May 1980 – 6 November 1989), appointed Bishop of Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas
  • Abelardo Alvarado Alcántara (26 April 1985 – 22 July 2008)
  • José de Jesús Martínez Zepeda (11 March 1997 – 3 January 2004), appointed Bishop of Irapuato, Guanajuato
  • Marcelino Hernández Rodríguez (5 January 1998 – 23 February 2008), appointed Bishop of Orizaba, Veracruz
  • José Luis Fletes Santana (29 January 2000 – 31 May 2003)
  • Guillermo Rodrigo Teodoro Ortiz Mondragón (29 January 2000 – 19 October 2005), appointed Bishop of Cuautitlán, México
  • Felipe Tejeda García, M.Sp.S. (29 January 2000 – 30 July 2010)
  • Jonás Guerrero Corona (27 June 2001 – 18 March 2011), appointed Bishop of Culiacán, Sinaloa
  • Francisco Clavel Gil (27 June 2001 – 28 May 2013)
  • Antonio Ortega Franco, C.O. (11 February 2004 – 16 February 2019)
  • José Víctor Manuel Valentín Sánchez Espinosa (2 March 2004 – 5 February 2009), appointed Archbishop of Puebla de los Ángeles, Puebla
  • Carlos Briseño Arch, O.A.R. (20 May 2006 - 12 November 2018), appointed Bishop of Veracruz
  • Florencio Armando Colín Cruz (27 November 2008 - 16 February 2019), appointed Bishop of Puerto Escondido, Oaxaca
  • Crispin Ojeda Márquez (4 June 2011 - 27 July 2018), appointed Bishop of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca
  • Jorge Estrada Solórzano (28 May 2013 – 11 May 2019), appointed Bishop of Gómez Palacio, Durango
  • Francisco Daniel Rivera Sánchez, M.Sp.S. (appointed 25 January 2020 – died 18 January 2021)

Other priests of the archdiocese who became bishops

  • Bernardo Gárate y López de Arizmendi (15 December 1819 – 19 March 1863), appointed Bishop of Querétaro
  • Manuel Fulcheri y Pietrasanta (17 December 1898 – 6 May 1912), appointed Bishop of Cuernavaca
  • Gerardo Anaya y Diez de Bonilla (2 April 1904 – 8 March 1920), appointed Bishop of Chiapas (Ciudad Real de Chiapas)
  • Arturo Vélez Martínez (29 June 1934 – 8 February 1951), appointed Bishop of Toluca

Territorial losses

Year Along with territory from To form
1536 Diocese of Michoacán
1597 Diocese of Manila
1863 Diocese of Tulancingo
1863 Archdiocese of Michoacán
Diocese of Tlaxcala
Diocese of Chilapa
1870 Diocese of Tlaxcala
Vicariate Apostolic of Tamaulipas
Diocese of Ciudad Victoria-Tamaulipas
1874 Vicariate Apostolic of California Inferiore
1891 Diocese of Cuernavaca
1950 Diocese of Toluca
1959 Archdiocese of Puebla de los Angeles, Puebla Diocese of Tlaxcala
1960 Diocese of Texcoco
1961 Diocese of Tulancingo Diocese of Tula
1964 Diocese of Texcoco Diocese of Tlalnepantla
1984 Diocese of Atlacomulco
Diocese of Tenancingo
Diocese of Cuernavaca
2019[4]

Diocese of Azcapotzalco
Diocese of Iztapalapa
Diocese of Xochimilco

Education

Colleges, universities, and seminaries

Seal University Location Religious order Founded
Conciliar Seminary of Mexico Mexico City 1585
Panamerican University color logo.jpg
Panamerican University Mexico City 1967
Universidad Simón Bolívar México.png
Simón Bolívar University Mexico City
IBERO.JPG
Universidad Iberoamericana Mexico City Society of Jesus 1943
Universidad Intercontinental Mexico City Guadalupe Missionaries 1976
Universidad La Salle Mexico City De La Salle Brothers 1962
ESCUDO UPM COLOR baja.jpg
Universidad Pontificia de México Mexico City 1982

Secondary schools

Seal School Location Religious order Founded
Colegio Cristóbal Colón Naucalpan 1938
Colegio del Bosque México Mexico City Legion of Christ 1975
Colegio La Salle Simón Bolívar Mexico City De La Salle Brothers 1910
Colegio de San Ignacio de Loyola Vizcaínas Mexico City 1734
Cumbres Institute Mexico City Legion of Christ 1954
Irish Institute Naucalpan Legion of Christ 1966

Former colleges, universities, and seminaries

School Location Religious order Founded Closed
Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco Mexico City Order of Friars Minor 1536 1555
College of San Fernando de Mexico Mexico City Order of Friars Minor 1734
Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico Mexico City 1551 1865
San Ildefonso College Mexico City Society of Jesus 1588 1867
San Pedro y San Pablo College Mexico City Society of Jesus 1574 1767

References

  1. ^ "Archdiocese of México" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  2. ^ "Metropolitan Archdiocese of México" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  3. ^ Agren, David (30 September 2019). "Three new dioceses carved out of Archdiocese of Mexico". Crux. Catholic News Service. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  4. ^ "Resignations and Appointments, 28.09.2019" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2019.

External links and references

This page was last edited on 11 October 2021, at 20:50
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