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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bourges

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Archdiocese of Bourges

Archidioecesis Bituricensis

Archidiocèse de Bourges
Kathedrale Bourges v2.jpg
Location
Country France
Ecclesiastical provinceTours
MetropolitanArchdiocese of Tours
Statistics
Area14,210 km2 (5,490 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics (including non-members)
(as of 2012)
549,900
502,700 (91.4%)
Parishes64
Information
DenominationCatholic
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
Established3rd Century
CathedralCathedral of St. Stephen in Bourges
Patron saintSt. Ursinus of Bourges
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
ArchbishopJérôme Daniel Beau
Metropolitan ArchbishopBernard-Nicolas Jean-Marie Aubertin
Bishops emeritusHubert Barbier
Armand Maillard
Website
catholique-bourges.cef.fr

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Bourges (Latin: Archidioecesis Bituricensis; French: Archidiocèse de Bourges) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France. The Archdiocese comprises the departements of Cher and Indre in the Region of Val de Loire. Bourges Cathedral stands in the city of Bourges in the  department of  Cher. Although this is still titled as an Archdiocese, it ceased as a metropolitan see in 2002 and is now a suffragan in the ecclesiastical province of Tours.

In 2002 it lost its  metropolitan function (and thus the archbishop no longer wears the pallium), its province having ceased to exist (the province had already been substantially modified from the late Roman province of Aquitania Prima with which it had initially corresponded -  Albi had been erected as an archbishopric in the medieval context of heresiological conflict;  Orléans,  Chartres and  Blois - historically dependent on  Sens - had been attached to  Paris, from which they passed to Bourges in the 1960s). The Archdiocese (also the three above- mentioned sees) is now suffragan to the Archdiocese of Tours; other dioceses until recently dependent on Bourges are now suffragans of the  Clermont-Ferrand Archdiocese. Historical ecclesiastical geography has here thus changed to correspond with  France's new regions, much as diocesan and provincial boundaries from Napoleon's Concordat of 1801 onwards changed mainly in accordance with those of the  Revolution's départements.

History

The diocese was founded in the 3rd century. Its first bishop was St. Ursinus of Bourges. In the Middle Ages there was a dispute between the bishop of Bourges and the bishop of Bordeaux about the primacy of Aquitaine. Bourges was the place of many synods. The synods 1225 and 1226 are the most important and dealt with the Albigenses.

Bishops of Bourges

To 600

  • St. Ursinus of Bourges (3rd century)
  • Sevitianus
  • Aetherius
  • Thecretus
  • Marcellus (all prior to 337)
  • Saint Viateur (Viator) 337–354 [1]
  • : Leothère 354–363
  • : Pauper 363–377
  • Palladius (377–384)
  • : Villice 384–412
  • : Avit 412–431
  • : Saint Pallais II 448–462
  • Leo (453)
  • Euloge 462–469
  • Simplicius (472–480)
  • Saint Tétrade 494–506
  • Rorice 512–?
  • ?–? : Siagre
  • ?–? : Saint Humat : ?–?[1]
  • Honoratus of Bourges (pres. Council of Clermont (535)) 533–535
  • Saint Honoré II[1] 535–537
  • Saint Arcade 537–549 [2][3]
  • Saint Désiré (549–552)
  • Saint Probien 552–559
  • Saint Félix 560–573
  • Remedius (all in the second half of the sixth century)
  • Sulpitius I of Bourges (584–591)
  • Saint Eustase 591–591
  • Saint Apollinaire[4] 591 – † 5 octobre 611

From 600 to 1000

  • Austregisilus (612–624)
  • Sulpicius II. of Bourges (624–644)
  • Saint Florent (647–660)
  • Adon (662–680)
  • Agosène (682–683)
  • Roch (696–736)
  • Sigin (736–761)
  • Landoaire (761–764)
  • Dédoat (764–780)
  • Ségolène (780–785)
  • David (793–802)
  • Bertholan (815–827)
  • Agilulfus (c. 829–840)
  • Raoul of Turenne (840–866)
  • Wulfad (866–876)[5]
  • Frotharius (876–c. 893)
  • Adace (890–900)
  • Madalbert (900–910)
  • Saint Géronce de Déols (910–948)
  • Laune de Déols (948–955)
  • Richard de Blois (955–969)
  • Hugh of Blois (969–985)[6]
  • Dagbert (987–1013)[6]

From 1000 to 1300

  • Gauzlin Capet (1013–1030)[6]
...

1300 to 1600

1600 to present

  • André Fremiot, 1602–1621
  • Michel Phélypeaux de La Vrillière, 1677–1694[8]
  • Georges-Louis Phélypeaux d'Herbault, 1757–1787
  • Jean-Antoine-Auguste de Chastenet de Puységur (1788–1802)
  • Marie-Charles-Isidore de Mercy (1802–1811)
  • Etienne-Jean-Baptiste des Galois de la Tour (1817–1820)
  • Jean-Marie Cliquet de Fontenay (1820–1834)
  • Guillaume-Aubin de Villèle (1825–1841)
  • Jacques-Marie-Antoine-Célestin du Pont (1842–1859)
  • Alexis-Basile-Alexandre Menjaud (1859–1861)
  • Charles-Amable de la Tour d'Auvergne Lauraguais (1861–1879)
  • Jean-Joseph Marchal (1880–1892)
Bishop Armand Maillard
Bishop Armand Maillard

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Philippe Labbe, Patriarchium Bituricense dans Novae Bibliothecae Mss Librorum, t.II
  2. ^ Nominis : Saint Arcade de Bourges
  3. ^ Forum orthodoxe.com : saints pour le 1er août du calendrier ecclésiastique
  4. ^ Les vies des saints ..., t.X, Paris, Herissant, 1739, p. 230
  5. ^ Thomas Bauer (1998). "Wulfad, Erzbischof von Bourges". In Bautz, Traugott (ed.). Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German). 14. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 168–170. ISBN 3-88309-073-5.
  6. ^ a b c Devailly, Guy (1973). Le diocèse de Bourges (in French). Paris: Letouzey & Ane. p. 247. OCLC 815696. Hugues de Blois 969–985
  7. ^ Eubel, I, p. 139. Joseph Hyacinthe Albanès; Ulysse Chevalier; Louis Fillet (1901). Gallia christiana novissima: Arles (in French and Latin). Montbéliard: Soc. anonyme d'imprimerie montbéliardasie. p. 741.
  8. ^ Entry 394 in Catalogue général des manuscrits des bibliothèques publiques de France, vol. 4, p. 94. Paris: Plon, 1886 (at Google Books). Michel Phélypeaux de La Vrillière (1642–1694), VIAF.

Bibliography

Reference works

Studies

External links

This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 03:18
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