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Rolla, Missouri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rolla, Missouri
Location of Rolla within County and State
Location of Rolla within County and State
Coordinates: 37°56′56″N 91°45′47″W / 37.94889°N 91.76306°W / 37.94889; -91.76306
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountyPhelps
Founded1858
Area
 • Total11.85 sq mi (30.69 km2)
 • Land11.83 sq mi (30.64 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
1,122 ft (342 m)
Population
 • Total19,559
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
20,390
 • Density1,700/sq mi (640/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
65401, 65402, 65409
Area code(s)573
FIPS code29-62912[4]
GNIS feature ID0751949[5]
Websiterollacity.org

Rolla (/ˈrɒlə/) is a city in and the county seat of Phelps County, Missouri, United States.[6] The population in the 2010 United States Census was 19,559.[7] Rolla is located approximately midway between St. Louis and Springfield along I-44. The Rolla, Mo Micropolitan Statistical area consists of Phelps County, Missouri.

It is the home of the Missouri University of Science and Technology, well known, both nationally and internationally, for its many engineering departments and computer science department.

The headquarters of the Mark Twain National Forest is located in Rolla. In addition, this is part of the Ozark Highlands American Viticultural Area, with vineyards established first by Italian immigrants to the area.

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Transcription

Contents

History

The first European-American settlers in Phelps County arrived in the early 19th century, working as farmers and iron workers along the local rivers, such as the Meramec, the Gasconade, and the Little Piney. In 1844, John Webber built the first house in what became the City of Rolla. Nine years later, railroad contractor Edmund Ward Bishop, considered to be the founder of Rolla, settled in the area. The state officially established Rolla as a town in 1858.

Two stories account for how Rolla was named. One story, widely regarded as a folk legend, and acknowledged as such by the Phelps County Historical Society, arises from the competition between Rolla and neighboring Dillon, Missouri, to be designated the county seat. When Rolla was made the county seat in 1861, the residents of Dillon, having lost a round, were allowed to choose the name of the new city and named it Rolla, after a good-for-nothing hunting dog.

The more widely accepted story came from a citizens' meeting about naming the town. Webber was said to prefer the name Hardscrabble (which was used to describe the soils in the region) and Bishop pushed for the name Phelps Center. New settlers from North Carolina voted to name the community after Raleigh their hometown but chose to spell the Missouri version phonetically.

With numerous settlers from the South, many residents of Rolla leaned toward the Confederacy during the American Civil War and the town was taken by Union forces in June 1861. They built two minor forts — Fort Wyman and Fort Dette — during their occupation. Rolla was also the location of Camp Glover and Camp Davies. From 1863 to 1865, Rolla was the regimental headquarters of the 5th Missouri State Militia.[8]

For most of its history, Rolla has served as a transportation and trading center. It was the original terminus of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, colloquially known as the "Frisco Line". Today, the BNSF Railway directly runs through the town.

Rolla was also a regular stop along U.S. Route 66, as it is almost located exactly halfway between the larger cities of St. Louis and Springfield. Today, Interstate 44, U.S. Route 63, and Route 72 all run through Rolla.[9]

Geography

Rolla is located at 37°56′56″N 91°45′47″W / 37.948831°N 91.763048°W / 37.948831; -91.763048.[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.85 square miles (30.69 km2), of which 11.83 square miles (30.64 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1] Running through the city is the divide line that separates the vast Missouri watershed (via the Little Piney and the Gasconade) from the substantially smaller Meremec watershed (via the Bourbeuse).

Climate

Rolla has a mix of a humid subtropical and humid continental climate and a Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa".[11]

Climate data for Rolla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
81
(27)
91
(33)
93
(34)
99
(37)
105
(41)
113
(45)
108
(42)
104
(40)
94
(34)
85
(29)
79
(26)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C) 40
(4)
46
(8)
56
(13)
67
(19)
75
(24)
84
(29)
89
(32)
88
(31)
80
(27)
69
(21)
56
(13)
43
(6)
66
(19)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
44
(7)
55
(13)
64
(18)
68
(20)
67
(19)
57
(14)
46
(8)
36
(2)
25
(−4)
45
(7)
Record low °F (°C) −21
(−29)
−14
(−26)
−3
(−19)
13
(−11)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
49
(9)
45
(7)
32
(0)
19
(−7)
3
(−16)
−19
(−28)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.56
(65)
2.65
(67)
3.91
(99)
4.39
(112)
5.50
(140)
4.84
(123)
4.77
(121)
4.08
(104)
4.30
(109)
3.66
(93)
4.36
(111)
3.30
(84)
48.32
(1,227)
Source: [12]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,354
18801,58216.8%
18901,5920.6%
19001,6000.5%
19102,26141.3%
19202,077−8.1%
19303,67076.7%
19405,14140.1%
19509,35481.9%
196011,13219.0%
197013,57121.9%
198013,303−2.0%
199014,0905.9%
200016,36716.2%
201019,55919.5%
Est. 201820,390[3]4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 19,559 people, 7,574 households, and 3,765 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,653.3 inhabitants per square mile (638.3/km2). There were 8,339 housing units at an average density of 704.9 per square mile (272.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.71% White, 4.11% Black or African American, 0.43% Native American, 5.70% Asian, 0.09% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.62% of the population.

There were 7,574 households of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 50.3% were non-families. 36.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 26.2 years. 18.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 29.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.7% were from 25 to 44; 17.1% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 55.0% male and 45.0% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 16,367 people, 6,514 households, and 3,543 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,448.7 per square mile (559.2/km²). There were 7,221 housing units at an average density of 639.2 per square mile (246.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.2% White, 2.92% African American, 0.46% Native American, 4.6% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.72% of the population.

There were 6,514 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.6% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 20.1% under the age of 18, 25.3% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,479, and the median income for a family was $38,975. Males had a median income of $31,861 versus $19,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,916. About 13.8% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.3% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

Water tower for Hypoint Industrial Park, along I-44.
Water tower for Hypoint Industrial Park, along I-44.

Economy

Royal Canin, a major manufacturer of dog and cat food, operates in Rolla. Small-engine manufacturer Briggs & Stratton operated a major plant in Rolla from 1996 to 2007.

Brewer Science, a nationwide manufacturer of semiconductors, is headquartered in Rolla.

Hartmann U.S., Inc., started production at 2017 after the Denmark-based Brodrene Hartmann A/S has decided to open a production site in USA. Hartmann is the world's leading manufacturer of moulded fibre egg packaging, the leading manufacturer of fruit packaging in South America, and a leading manufacturer of machinery for producing moulded fibre packaging.

Education

Rolla is home of the Rolla Bulldogs at Rolla High School.

Rolla is an important center for state and federal education and research in science and technology. It is the home of the Missouri University of Science and Technology (S&T or Missouri S&T), founded as the Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy in 1870 and known as the University of Missouri–Rolla {UMR} from 1964 through 2007. Missouri S&T, as it's now known, is well known for its engineering and computer science departments. In addition, the US Geological Survey operates a large regional facility with various centers: the National Geospatial Technical Operations Center III, the Missouri Water Science Center, the Mid-Continent Geographic Science Center, National Spatial Data Infrastructure Partnership Office Liaisons, and the Rolla Science Information and Library Services office.

Rolla has a lending library, the Rolla Public Library.[14]

Media

Rolla and surrounding communities are served by a daily newspaper, The Rolla Daily News. KUMR, KLPW-FM, KTTR AM/FM, KZNN, and KKID are the local commercial radio stations. KMST (FM) is the Public Radio station and KMNR FM is the student radio station of the Missouri University of Science and Technology.

Notable places

The old Phelps County Courthouse
The old Phelps County Courthouse
Phelps County Jail
Phelps County Jail
Stonehenge Replica at Missouri S&T
Stonehenge Replica at Missouri S&T

See also: National Register of Historic Places Listings in Phelps County, Missouri

Notable people

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  7. ^ "Dexter -- Data Extraction Tool". Missouri Census Data Center. University of Missouri. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
  8. ^ Hewett, J. (1994). Supplement to the Official records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, NC: Broadfoot Pub. Co. , Volume 35, p. 136
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-06-20. Retrieved 2006-07-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), Rolla Chamber of Commerce, accessed 16 Jun 2008
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Rolla, Missouri
  12. ^ "Average weather for Rolla, Missouri". Weather.com. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "Missouri Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  15. ^ "Missouri Governor Mel Eugene Carnahan". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
  16. ^ http://www.broadwayworld.com/bwwart/article/Remembering-Famed-Photographer-Charles-Gatewood-20160429#
  17. ^ "McCASKILL, Claire, (1953 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
  18. ^ "Information Sheet: Mayme Ousley Papers" (PDF). umsystem.edu. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  19. ^ "Partnerstädte". Sondershausen. Retrieved 4 May 2014.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 September 2019, at 23:45
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