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Roger de Moulins

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Roger Desmoulins, by J.-F. Cars, c. 1725
Roger Desmoulins, by J.-F. Cars, c. 1725

Roger de Moulins was Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller from 1177 to his death in 1187, succeeding Jobert of Syria.

The Hospitallers were rivals of the Knights Templar, but Pope Alexander III persuaded Roger to make a truce with them in 1179. In 1184 he toured Europe with Arnold of Torroja, the Grand Master of the Knights Templars, and Heraclius, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, and established the Hospitaller Order in England, France and Germany. On his way back he helped the Normans attack Thessalonica in 1185.

During his time as Grand Master, the Hospitallers became more involved in the politics of the Kingdom Of Jerusalem. Roger had ended up at conflict with Gerard de Ridefort, Arnold's successor as Grand Master, and with Raynald de Châtillon due to his very having opposed Guy of Lusignan, and at first refused to hand over his key to the royal treasury when Guy was crowned King of Jerusalem in 1186. He took part in the battle against Saladīn at Cresson near Nazareth on 1 May 1187, where he was killed by a lance-wound to the chest.

Roger was succeeded by William Borrel, who served as custodian of the Hospitallers for a brief time in 1187, and then by Armengol de Aspa, who served as provisor (custodian) until 1190. A new Grand Master was not chosen until Garnier of Nablus was elected in 1190 during the Third Crusade.

Sources

  • Edbury, Peter W. (ed.) The Conquest of Jerusalem and the Third Crusade, 1998, ISBN 1-84014-676-1
  • Nicholson, Helen J. (ed.) The Chronicle of the Third Crusade: The Itinerarium Peregrinorum et Gesta Regis Ricardi, 1997, ISBN 0-7546-0581-7
  • Nicholson, Helen J. The Knights Hospitaller, 2001, ISBN 1-84383-038-8
  • Runciman, Steven. A History of the Crusades, 1951–54, vol. 2.
  • Stevenson, J (ed.) "De expugnatione terrae sanctae per Saladinum libellus" in Radulphi de Coggeshall Chronicon Anglicanum, 1875.
Preceded by
Jobert of Syria
Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller
1177–1187
Succeeded by
Armengol de Aspa
This page was last edited on 25 March 2020, at 16:28
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