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Rocky De La Fuente

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rocky De La Fuente
Roque "Rocky"
Born
Roque De La Fuente Guerra

(1954-10-10) October 10, 1954 (age 66)
Alma materNational Autonomous University of Mexico
Political partyRepublican (2018–present)
Alliance (2020–present)
Democratic (2016–2017)
Reform (2016, 2020)
American Delta (2016)
Spouse(s)Katayoun Yazdani[1]
Children5[2]
Websitewww.rocky101.com

Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente Guerra (born October 10, 1954)[1] is an American businessman and politician.

A perennial candidate,[3][4][5] De La Fuente was the presidential nominee of both the Reform Party and his self-created American Delta Party in the 2016 election. That year, he was also an unsuccessful candidate in the Democratic primary for United States senator from Florida and for the Democratic presidential nomination.

During the 2018 elections, De La Fuente was on the ballot in nine states' primaries for United States Senate, all of which he lost. He campaigned as a critic of President Donald Trump's immigration policies.[6]

In the 2020 United States presidential election, he ran unsuccessfully for the nomination of the Republican Party, but secured the nominations of the Reform Party, the Alliance Party, and the American Independent Party,[7][8][9] going on to lose the general election to Joe Biden.[10] He also lost the March 2020 primary for U.S. House of Representatives seat for California's 21st congressional district.

Early life and education

De La Fuente was born on October 10, 1954, at Mercy Hospital in San Diego, California,[11] the son of automobile dealer and business park developer[12] Roque Antonio De La Fuente Alexander[13] (circa 1923 – 2002)[12] and Bertha Guerra Yzaguirre. His parents raised him in Mexico (Mexico City, Tijuana, Baja California), and in the United States (San Diego and Anaheim). He was educated by his parents and the Legionaries of Christ, the Marist Brothers, the Carmelite Sisters of the Most Sacred Heart, Daughters of the Holy Spirit and the Jesuits. De La Fuente earned a B.S. in physics and mathematics from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and studied accounting and business administration at Anahuac University near Mexico City.[11][14]

Career

Between 1976 and 1990 (when he took over his father's automobile dealerships after his father had had a stroke[12]), De La Fuente acquired 28 automobile franchises for Alfa Romeo, American Motors Corporation, Audi, Cadillac, Chrysler, Daihatsu, Dodge, GMC, Honda, and other brands.[11] He also opened three banks (one national bank approved by the OCC and two state charter banks approved by the California Banking Commission and the FDIC), assisted living facilities in Los Angeles and Lemon Grove, California, and eleven currency exchange locations in the United States and Mexico.[15]

In 1997, De La Fuente received a settlement of $38.7 million from San Diego County for 524 acres of land belonging to him and his father that the county had taken to build a new county jail.[12]

In 2004, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation issued an order barring De La Fuente from participating in any FDIC-insured institution. De La Fuente appealed and the 9th Circuit reversed the order in part and advised the FDIC to reconsider its sentence, stating that "De La Fuente's use of [First International Bank] as his personal piggy bank was in shocking disregard of sound banking practices and the law to the detriment of depositors, shareholders, and the public. Nevertheless, we remand this matter to the Board for it to consider, in light of this disposition, whether this extraordinary sanction remains deserved."[14][16]

In November 2015, De La Fuente and the city of San Diego settled a decades-long legal dispute over land-use issues regarding a 312-acre area that De La Fuente is developing in Otay Mesa.[17]

As of 2015, De La Fuente owned businesses and properties in Mexico, the United States, and Uruguay.[11] He sees potential profit to be found in the border wall being erected by the Trump administration, as his properties include 2000 acres along the border, surrounding areas that the government will be using. He intends to set a high price for the land, saying "I'm in the business of making money."[18]

Political campaigns

2016 presidential

De La Fuente at the Lesser-Known Candidates Forum during his campaign for the Democratic Party presidential nomination, January 2016
De La Fuente at the Lesser-Known Candidates Forum during his campaign for the Democratic Party presidential nomination, January 2016

De La Fuente campaigned for president in the 2016 United States presidential election. He sought the Democratic Party's nomination during their presidential primaries. His campaign did not win a single primary or a single delegate to the 2016 Democratic National Convention.

Logo of the American Delta Party
Logo of the American Delta Party

De La Fuente founded the American Delta Party[19] and ran as that party's nominee with his running mate Michael Steinberg. He was also the presidential nominee of the Reform Party, which had ballot access in Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, and Mississippi.[20] Although De La Fuente's platform was at odds with the Reform Party platform he was able to get his supporters to vote within its primaries. De La Fuente received 33,136 votes in the general election, 0.02% of the total popular vote. He received no electoral votes. In the popular vote De La Fuente placed eighth overall, behind the Democratic Party's Hillary Clinton, Republican Party's Donald Trump, Libertarian Party's Gary Johnson, Green Party's Jill Stein, independent Evan McMullin, Constitution Party's Darrell Castle, and Party for Socialism and Liberation's Gloria LaRiva.[21]

In 2016, De La Fuente and Stein sued the state of Oklahoma over the state's high requirement for petitions. They dismissed the suit in 2017 after Oklahoma eased their requirements.[22] In February 2018, De La Fuente won two court cases slightly easing ballot access requirements in Virginia and Washington.[23][24] De La Fuente's history of ballot access suits and his victories received a write-up from the Federal Judicial Center.[25]

2016 senatorial

On June 20, 2016, De La Fuente paid the $10,440 qualifying fee to run for the Democratic nomination in the 2016 election for US senator from Florida, over a seat then occupied by Republican Marco Rubio. He competed with Patrick Murphy, Alan Grayson, Pam Keith, and Reginald Luster for the nomination.[26][27] Murphy won the nomination; De La Fuente came in fourth-place out of five candidates, receiving 60,606 votes (5.38% of the overall vote).

2017 mayoral

Excerpt from De La Fuente's mayoral campaign material
Excerpt from De La Fuente's mayoral campaign material

De La Fuente sought the Republican nomination for Mayor of New York City in the 2017 election. He joined the race claiming that private polling data showed him defeating the two Republican candidates who were then entered, Paul Massey and Michel Faulkner.[28]

De La Fuente's candidacy ran into problems with his lack of residency. City law requires candidates to be residents of the city prior to the election. De La Fuente's campaign said that he had attempted to purchase an apartment, that the building's management refused to interview him because he was Hispanic, and that they might make a federal court case out of this matter.[29]

On March 28, De La Fuente debated mayoral contenders Kevin Coenen, Mike Tolkin, independent Bo Dietl, Democratic challenger Sal Albanese and Republican Faulkner in an event hosted by the Reform Party of New York State (which is not affiliated with the Reform Party of the United States of America).[30]

After both Faulkner and Massey suspended their campaigns, only De La Fuente and Nicole Malliotakis remained in the Republican primary. However, two Malliotakis supporters, with the blessing of her campaign, filed objections to De La Fuente's ballot petition signatures. On August 1, the New York City Board of Elections found that De La Fuente did not have sufficient valid signatures to qualify for the ballot, effectively ending De La Fuente's candidacy and leaving Malliotakis unopposed for the nomination.[31][32]

2018 senatorial

De La Fuente ran for US Senate in nine states in 2018, seeking to show problems with the current election process, which he called "Loony Toons!"[33] On February 26, 2018, he filed to run for the 2018 Senate election in California under the Republican Party to unseat incumbent Dianne Feinstein,[34] but failed in the June 5 primary. He came in ninth place out of a field of 35, garnering 135,109 votes for 2% of the total.[35] In a primary system where only the top two make it to the final ballot, this ended his candidacy. On August 8, his candidacy for Senate in Washington state[36] came to an end in the open primary where he was one of the 32 candidates.[37] In Florida, De La Fuente lost the Republican primary[38] to his only challenger, Governor Rick Scott.[39] He also lost primaries in Wyoming,[40] Hawaii, Minnesota, Vermont, Delaware, and Rhode Island.

Some commentators criticized De La Fuente's campaign efforts.[41] The Washington Post noted that in both Hawaii and Vermont, he drew enough votes that he theoretically may have changed the election, as had those same votes had been redirected to the second place candidate instead, that candidate would have won.[42] Jim Camden, a columnist for The Columbian, wrote that "for this year's primaries [...] it's clear the biggest loser was Rocky De La Fuente."[43]

2020 presidential

Nomination process

In January 2017, De La Fuente stated in a court filing that he intended to again seek the Democratic Party nomination in the 2020 presidential election.[44] He reiterated plans to seek the presidency in the wake of his 2018 election failures.[42]

However, De La Fuente ran for the Republican nomination instead.[45] As of January 30, 2020, he had raised $17,253 from outside sources and had loaned his own campaign $15.13 million, of which the campaign had returned $8.2 million.[46][47] For the Republican primaries, he qualified as a candidate in California (where he also qualified for the ballot for the American Independent Party),[48] Connecticut,[49] Delaware,[50] Florida,[51] Idaho,[52] Illinois (where he is on the ballot but does not have delegate candidates to support him),[53] Louisiana,[54] Massachusetts,[55] Mississippi,[56] New Hampshire,[57] Pennsylvania,[58] Texas,[59] and Vermont,[60] and filed in New York,[61] Oklahoma,[62] Rhode Island,[63] and West Virginia.[64] He filed in Tennessee[65] but did not end up on the ballot.

His candidacy survived a ballot access challenge in Alabama,[66] but he withdrew from the state before the ballot was set. He also withdrew from Arkansas, Colorado, and Missouri.[67] His withdrawals from Arkansas[68][67] and Utah[69] came too late to keep him from appearing on the ballot.[70] He chose to remain in Connecticut's delayed primary, despite pressure from the state's Republican Party chairman.[71] Connecticut's Secretary of the State Denise Merrill then also requested that De La Fuente allow himself to be removed from the ballot, as Trump had already secured enough delegates to win and the voting during the COVID-19 pandemic would put the public's health at risk.[72] De La Fuente remained on the ballot, despite that request and a campaign from the state's Republican Party to have people call the candidate to talk him into dropping out.[73]

He received 0.56% of the 19 million votes cast in Republican primaries and did not earn any delegates.[74]

His failure to make the initial candidate list in Michigan[75] led both to his stating an intention to get on the ballot through submission of petitions[76] and to his campaign manager filing a suit on behalf of a Michigan voter seeking to have De La Fuente on the ballot.[77] He did not end up on the ballot.[78] The Minnesota Supreme Court rejected a similar petition on January 9;[79] in that state, the Republican party dictated the candidate list, and allowed for write-in candidates.[80] Some states are foregoing Republican primaries for the 2020 cycle, with the Republican leadership in those states having selected incumbent president Donald Trump as their nominee.[81] De La Fuente has named Trump, the Trump campaign, the Republican National Committee and various state Republican parties[82] in a suit claiming that there was inappropriate coordination in an attempt to prevent competing candidates for the nomination.[83]

In 2019 De La Fuente filed one of five lawsuits that arose against a California law requiring candidates to release their tax returns in order to appear on the state's primary ballots. That law, which was seen as targeted against the incumbent Donald Trump, was blocked by a federal judge.[84] De La Fuente also requested a U.S. Supreme Court review of a Ninth Circuit court decision which approved California's requirements for ballot access by independent candidates,[85] and mounted a federal challenge to Georgia's granting political parties ultimate control over who appears on their ballots; parties in Florida and Minnesota have similar control.[86] After the lawsuit was filed, Georgia's Republican party submitted a ballot listing only incumbent Donald Trump as a candidate, choosing not to list De La Fuente and three other candidates who had been under consideration.[87]

During the run-up to the primaries, Libertarian Party chairman Nicholas Sarwark suggested that De La Fuente run for his party's nomination,[88][89] an option which the candidate considered.[90] He did not, however, join the candidate list.[91]

On April 25, De La Fuente became the first Presidential nominee of the Alliance Party, with Darcy Richardson as his running mate.[92]

On June 20, he received the nomination of the Reform Party, receiving 17 out of the 21 delegate votes cast.[93]

General election

Total electoral vote eligibility: 229[a] .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  On ballot (16 states, 186 electoral votes)[95]   Write-in (4 states, 43 electoral votes)[96][97]   Not on ballot
Total electoral vote eligibility: 229[a]
  On ballot (16 states, 186 electoral votes)[95]
  Write-in (4 states, 43 electoral votes)[96][97]
  Not on ballot

The De La Fuente/Richardson ticket was on the ballot in Florida under the Reform Party;[93] in South Carolina, Tennessee, Mississippi,[98] Maine,[99] Alaska,[100] Colorado,[101] Vermont,[102] Rhode Island,[103] and New Jersey[104] under the Alliance Party; in Michigan under an agreement between the Alliance Party and the Natural Law Party of Michigan;[105] and in Arkansas,[106] Tennessee,[107] and Idaho as an independent.[108] De La Fuente was also on the ballot in California as the American Independent Party candidate, but with Kanye West rather than Richardson as his vice presidential candidate, a decision that was made by the party without De La Fuente (or West, for that matter) being consulted.[9] (Party leaders selected De La Fuente to top the ticket despite him coming in second in the party's primary.[109])

2020 congressional

De La Fuente ran as a Republican in the campaign for the U.S. House of Representatives seat for California's 21st district. (Unlike most other states, California has no law prohibiting simultaneously running for the presidency and for Congress.) His son Ricardo ran for the same seat as a Democrat. Neither De La Fuente lives in the district.[110] Rocky felt that his candidacy would help his son's chances of getting the seat, which was the outcome he desired.[111] Neither De La Fuente succeeded in this primary, coming in third (Ricardo) and fourth (Rocky) in a four-candidate jungle primary in which the top two vote getters compete in the general election.[112] However, on the same day, Ricardo, who had previously run for the House from California's 34th and Florida's 23rd districts, won the Democratic primary for U.S. representative for Texas's 27th district,[113] but went on to lose the general election.[10]

Personal life

De La Fuente married Katayoun Yazdani.[1]

De La Fuente has five children.[2] De La Fuente has a stated goal of creating a political dynasty.[111] Two of his sons have also sought office.

His son Ricardo "Ricky" De La Fuente has sought several congressional seats.[114][115][116] He first ran as a Democrat in the 2017 California's 34th congressional district special election.[115] He then, in 2018, unsuccessfully sought the Democratic nomination for Florida's 24th US congressional district.[115] In 2020 he unsuccessfully ran as a Democrat in the California's 21st US congressional district (competing against his father, who ran unsuccessfully as a Republican) and successfully won the Democratic nomination for Texas's 27th US congressional district (where he hopes to become a resident).[115][117] In 2020, Ricardo was also originally running for the Democratic nomination in Florida's 24th US congressional district.[118]

In 2020, his son Roque De La Fuente III[119] entered the Democratic presidential primaries in Arizona, California,[120][121] Colorado,[122] Idaho,[123] Missouri,[124] New Hampshire,[125] Texas,[59] and Utah.[69]

Electoral history

Presidential elections

2016 Democratic presidential primaries[126]
Candidate Votes %
Hillary Clinton 16,917,853 55.23
Bernie Sanders 13,210,550 43.13
Martin O'Malley 110,423 0.36
Rocky De La Fuente 67,468 0.22
Willie Wilson 25,796 0.08
Paul T. Farrell, Jr. 21,694 0.07
Keith Russell Judd 20,305 0.07
Michael Steinberg 20,126 0.07
Henry Hewes 11,062 0.04
John Wolfe Jr. 7,369 0.02
Star Locke 5,202 0.02
Steve Burke 4,893 0.02
Lawrence "Larry Joe" Cohen 2,407 0.01
Calvis L. Hawes 2,017 0.01
James Valentine 1,726 0.01
Jon Adams 486 0.00
Vermin Supreme 268 0.00
Mark Stewart 236 0.00
David John Thistle 226 0.00
Graham Schwass 143 0.00
Others (fewer than 100 votes each) 346 0.00
Uncommitted 101,481 0.33
No Preference 50,990 0.17
scattering 48,576 0.16
Uninstructed Delegation 1,488 0.00
Total 30,633,131 100.00
2016 United States presidential election[127][21]
Presidential candidate Party Popular vote Electoral vote Vice-presidential candidate
Count Percentage Projected Actual
Donald Trump Republican 62,984,828 45.93 306 304 Mike Pence
Hillary Clinton Democratic 65,853,514 48.02 232 227 Tim Kaine
Gary Johnson Libertarian 4,489,235 3.27 0 0 Bill Weld
Jill Stein Green 1,457,226 1.06% 0 0 Ajamu Baraka
Evan McMullin (Independent) 732,273 0.53% 0 0 Mindy Finn
Darrell Castle Constitution Party 203,091 0.15% 0 0 Scott Bradley
Gloria La Riva Socialism and Liberation 74,405 0.05% 0 0 Eugene Puryear
Rocky De La Fuente American Delta and Reform 33,136 0.02 0 0 Michael Steinberg
Other 1,297,332 0.93 0 7 Other
Total 137,125,040 100.00 538 538 Total
2020 Republican presidential primaries
State Date Votes %
2020 New Hampshire Republican primary February 11 148 .1
2020 Arkansas Republican primary March 3 1,848 0.75
2020 California Republican primary March 3 24,351 1
2020 Massachusetts Republican primary March 3 675 .24
2020 Oklahoma Republican primary March 3 2,466 .83
2020 Texas Republican primary March 3 7,563 .38
2020 Vermont Republican primary March 3 341 .87
2020 Idaho Republican primary March 10 637 .54
2020 Mississippi Republican primary March 10 1,079 .4
2020 Florida Republican primary March 17 12,172 .98
2020 Illinois Republican primary March 17 21,833 4.02
2020 Rhode Island Republican presidential primary June 2 182 .83
2020 Pennsylvania Republican presidential primary June 5 14,250 1.5
2020 West Virginia Republican presidential primary June 9 1,537 .73
2020 Delaware Republican presidential primary July 7 3,920 11.95
2020 Louisiana Republican presidential primary July 12 2,333 1.1
2020 Connecticut Republican presidential primary August 12 5,803 7.2

U.S. Senate primaries

2016 Florida Democratic Senate Primary election results[128]
Candidate Votes %
Patrick Murphy 665,985 58.9
Alan Grayson 199,929 17.7
Pam Keith 173,919 15.5
Rocky De La Fuente 60,810 5.4
Reginald Luster 29,138 2.6
Total 1,129,781 100.00
2018 Senate primaries
State Primary type Date Votes % Winner(s)
California Nonpartisan blanket June 5 135,279 2.1 Dianne Feinstein, Kevin de León
Washington[37] Nonpartisan blanket Aug 8 5,724 0.34 Maria Cantwell, Susan Hutchison
Hawaii[129] Republican Aug 11 3,075 9.4 Ron Curtis
Minnesota Republican Aug 14 17,051 5.9 Jim Newberger
Vermont Republican Aug 14 1,057 2.9 Brooke Paige
Wyoming[130] Republican Aug 21 1,280 1.1 John Barrasso
Florida[131] Republican Aug 28 187,209 11.4 Rick Scott
Delaware Republican Sep 6 1,998 5.3 Robert Arlett
Rhode Island Republican Sep 12 3,722 12.3%[132] Robert Flanders[133]
2020 congressional
2020 California's 21st congressional district[134]
Primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican David Valadao 39,488 49.7
Democratic TJ Cox (incumbent) 30,697 38.7
Democratic Ricardo De La Fuente 7,309 9.2
Republican Rocky De La Fuente 1,912 2.4
Total votes 79,406 100.0

Notes

  1. ^ The American Independent Party, which nominated De La Fuente in California, did not nominate Richardson for vice-president, instead nominating Kanye West.[94]

References

  1. ^ a b c Bell, Diane (December 5, 2015). "'Rocky' joins fight for President". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Rocky De La Fuente's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
  3. ^ Collins, Eliza (August 27, 2018). "Midterms: Who will be GOP candidate for Senate in Arizona? Will Trump's pick win in Florida?". USA Today. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  4. ^ Fineout, Gary (December 5, 2019). "Florida's two-person Democratic primary — The return of George Zimmerman — Trump will share March ballot — Trouble for Nikki Fried?". Politico. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. ^ Creitz, Charlie (February 11, 2020). "Corey Lewandowski: New Hampshire could mark the end of the Biden campaign". Fox News. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  6. ^ Peters, Xander. "This guy plans to take on Rick Scott in Florida's GOP primary for Senate". Orlando Weekly. “We cannot continue to be a country that locks families and children in detention centers indefinitely..."
  7. ^ Winger, Richard (June 20, 2020). "Reform Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President Again". Ballot Access News. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  8. ^ Winger, Richard (April 25, 2020). "Alliance Party Nominates National Ticket". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
  9. ^ a b Wynne, Kelly (October 8, 2020). "Here's Why You Might See Kanye West as a Vice President Pick on Your November Ballot". Newsweek. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Lewis, Scott (November 7, 2020). "Politics Report: Winners and Losers Special Edition". Voice of San Diego. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
  11. ^ a b c d "Empresario con fuertes intereses en Punta del Este va por la presidencia de EEUU" (in Spanish). Maldonado Noticias. October 11, 2015. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c d "R. De La Fuente Sr., 78; Business Park Innovator, Developer". Los Angeles Times. April 30, 2002.
  13. ^ "Roque De La Fuente, Business Park Innovator and Developer". Los Angeles Times. April 30, 2002. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  14. ^ a b "De La Fuente Ii V. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation | Findlaw". Caselaw.findlaw.com. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  15. ^ Llenas, Bryan (February 19, 2016). "Longshot presidential candidate Rocky de la Fuente won't say Donald Trump's name". Fox News Latino. Archived from the original on May 19, 2016. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
  16. ^ "Reported Banking Law Cases". Fedbanklaw.com. June 1, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  17. ^ "San Diego settles decades-long de la Fuente land dispute". KSWB-TV. November 17, 2015.
  18. ^ Bauer, Shane (July 2, 2020). "What Is the Status of Trump's 'Big, Beautiful Wall'?". New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
  19. ^ "Rocky De La Fuente Creates American Delta Party as Vehicle for his Presidential General Election Candidacy". Ballot Access News.
  20. ^ "Reform Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President". Ballot Access News. August 9, 2016.
  21. ^ a b Leip, David (January 20, 2017). "2016 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
  22. ^ "Rocky De La Fuente and Jill Stein Dismiss their Oklahoma Appeal, Given that Petition Requirement Has Been Eased". Ballot Access News.
  23. ^ "Rocky De La Fuente Wins Virginia Ballot Access Lawsuit". Ballot Access News. January 10, 2018.
  24. ^ "Rocky De La Fuente Wins Washington State Ballot Access Case". Ballot Access News. February 22, 2018.
  25. ^ "A Minor Candidate's Suits to Be on Presidential Election Ballots" (PDF). Federal Judicial Center. September 5, 2019. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
  26. ^ Bousquet, Steve (June 20, 2016). "It's a 'Rocky' start: Florida's candidate qualifying window opens". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved June 20, 2016.[dead link]
  27. ^ Mark Harper (June 20, 2016). "Qualifying sees Democrat "Rocky" de la Fuente join Senate field". Retrieved June 23, 2016.[dead link]
  28. ^ Campanile, Carl (March 22, 2017). "Millionaire from California throwing hat into NYC mayoral race". nypost.com. New York Post. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  29. ^ Goodman, J. David (March 23, 2017). "Hey, Bo. Nice to Meet You, Rocky. Welcome to the Mayor's Race". Retrieved March 24, 2017 – via NYTimes.com.
  30. ^ Kochman, Ben (March 29, 2017). "Long-shot mayoral candidates battle over big issues, but united in trashing de Blasio". www.nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  31. ^ Durkin, Erin (August 1, 2017). "Republican mayoral hopeful Nicole Malliotakis running unopposed after Rocky de la Fuente gets the boot". www.nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  32. ^ De La Hoz, Felipe (August 6, 2017). "Removal of Last Primary Opponent Could Cost Malliotakis". www.gothammgazette.com. Gotham Gazette. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  33. ^ Fuente, Roque De La (May 31, 2018). "De La Fuente Runs for US Sen. in 5 States Simultaneously". Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  34. ^ "County of San Diego - Registrar of Voters, Candidate List, 2018 Statewide Direct Primary Election" (PDF).
  35. ^ "U.S. Senate - Statewide Results | 2018 General Election". California Secretary of State. November 6, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
  36. ^ "2018 Candidates Who Have Filed". weiapplets.sos.wa.gov. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  37. ^ a b "August 7, 2018 Primary Results - U.S. Senator". results.vote.wa.gov. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
  38. ^ "August 28, 2018 Primary Election". results.elections.myflorida.com.
  39. ^ "Rocky road: Running for Senate in six states, and against Rick Scott". www.tampabay.com. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
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External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Andre Barnett
Reform nominee for President of the United States
2016, 2020
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