To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Robert J. Murray

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Robert J. Murray (b. 1934) was United States Under Secretary of the Navy in 1980-81.


Robert J. Murray was born on August 30, 1934 in Marlborough, Massachusetts. He was educated at Suffolk University, receiving a B.S. in 1961. He then attended Harvard University, receiving an M.P.A. in 1966.

Upon graduation, Murray joined the United States Foreign Service and was posted as a political attaché at the Embassy of the United States in London from 1966 to 1972.

In 1973, he was appointed Assistant to the United States Secretary of Defense and the United States Deputy Secretary of Defense, serving under Elliot Richardson and later James R. Schlesinger. In 1975, President of the United States Richard Nixon appointed Nixon as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), a post he held until 1976. During his time at the United States Department of Defense, Murray worked on implementing a new NATO strategy; transitioning the United States Armed Forces following the ending of the Vietnam War; and the transition of the United States Armed Forces to a volunteer military.

In 1978, President Jimmy Carter appointed Murray as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs). During this period, he participated in Carter's negotiation of the Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt.

President Carter nominated Murray as Under Secretary of the Navy on January 17, 1980. He was sworn in on February 7, 1980 and served as Under Secretary until September 29, 1981.

Following his stint as Under Secretary, Murray moved from public service to academia. He first joined the Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island as Dean and Director of the College's Advanced Research Center and creator/director of the Strategic Studies Group. In 1983, he became a member of the faculty of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University as director of the School's national security program. Murray retired from teaching in 1990.

After his retirement from teaching, Murray served as president and chief executive officer of CNA.


Government offices
Preceded by
R. James Woolsey, Jr.
Under Secretary of the Navy
February 7, 1980 – September 29, 1981
Succeeded by
James F. Goodrich
This page was last edited on 12 December 2018, at 22:01
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.